- Is there money set aside for Faith-Based Organizations?
- How can my organization find out about Federal
- Does our religious organization have to form
a special nonprofit organization in order to receive Federal funding?
- What kinds of grants are available from the
- How do I apply for a Federal grant?
- What if I apply for a Federal grant, but my
request is turned down?
- What are the rules for the use of Federal funding
by faith-based organizations?
- What will happen if we violate any of the grant
rules or requirements specified in the grant?
- Can Federal funds be used to purchase religious
- If our faith-based organization receives Federal funding, will it have to discontinue its religious practice of considering the religion of applicants when hiring employees?
- What are some of the legal obligations that
come along with a Federal grant?
- What is a peer reviewer?
- How does one become a peer reviewer?
Is there money set aside for Faith-Based Organizations?
No. The Federal government does not set aside a separate funding stream
specifically for faith-based groups. Rather, they are eligible to apply
for government grants on an equal footing with other similar non-governmental
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How can my organization find out about Federal grants?
All Federal grants must be announced to the public and the most comprehensive
source is www.Grants.gov, which
is a one-stop "storefront" for most grants available from the United
States Government. You can search Grants.gov by keyword (e.g. "prison"),
agency (e.g. "U.S. Department of Justice"), or by category (e.g. "Law,
Justice and Legal Services"). You will see a chronological listing of
open grants which you can then click on individually to access and read
the solicitations. The various WebPages of our Federal
Partners are also good sources.
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Does our religious organization have to form a special nonprofit organization
in order to receive Federal funding?
In general, no. There is no general Federal requirement that an organization
incorporate or operate as a nonprofit or obtain tax-exempt status under
section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code in order to receive Federal
funds. However, some Federal, State, or local programs may impose such
Although it will take some time and cost some money, a faith-based organization
may wish to establish a separate nonprofit organization to use the government
funds it receives. Taking this step can make it easier for a faith-based
organization to keep track of the public funds that it receives and
spends. It will also be easier for the government to monitor the group's
use of grant funds without intruding on the group's internal affairs,
in the event that an audit is conducted.
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What kinds of grants are available from the Federal government?
The Federal government uses two kinds of grants: discretionary grants
and formula (or "block") grants.
- Discretionary grants are those which are handed out by an
agency of the Federal government.
- Formula (or block) grants put Federal money in the hands
of States, cities, or counties to distribute to charities and other
social service providers, usually under their own rules and regulations.
Therefore, you can apply directly to the Federal government or you
can apply for funds to an entity that distributes money it receives
from the Federal government. More money is available from programs administered
by States and localities than from the Federal government directly.
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How do I apply for a Federal grant?
Announcements regarding Federal grants are often referred to as "Request
for Proposals" (RFPs) or "Solicitation for Grant Applications" (SGAs).
Each RFP or SGA will contain instructions on how to apply, including
where to get an application packet, information the application should
contain, the date the application is due, and agency contact information.
Most Federal agencies have experts who are available to help organizations
apply for and manage their grants. Applicants may call the official
identified in the grant announcement or contact an agency's regional
office. Agency staff is available to answer questions over the phone.
They may also refer applicants to local or nearby technical assistance
workshops or to organizations that are under contract with the Federal
government to provide this kind of assistance.
Each grant announcement will contain instructions on how to apply,
including where to get an application packet, information the application
should contain, the date the application is due, and agency contact
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What if I apply for a Federal grant, but my request is turned down?
There is no guarantee you will receive a grant if you apply. However,
if you do not receive a grant, you should try to find out why you did
not receive funding and how you could improve a future application.
You can follow up with the program officer identified in the announcement.
This individual will either be able to provide you with information
about your application, or point you to the right person to contact.
In addition, you may even be able to obtain written comments on your
proposal, which can provide helpful analysis.
Remember that many, many organizations compete for Federal funds, and
many groups apply several times before they receive an award. Getting
feedback on your application can help you improve your chances of receiving
funds the next time around.
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What are the rules for the use of Federal funding by faith-based organizations?
Grant funds may not be used for inherently religious activities such
as worship, prayer, proselytizing, or devotional Bible study. The funds
are to be used to further the objectives established by Congress such
as reducing crime, assisting victims of crime, keeping juveniles out
of the life of crime, and mentoring youth and adults.
A faith-based organization should take steps to ensure that its inherently
religious activities, such as religious worship or instruction are separate
- in time or location - from the government-funded services that it
offers. However, you may use space in your church, synagogue, mosque,
or other place of worship to provide Federally-funded services. In addition,
there is no need to remove religious symbols from these rooms. You may
also keep your organization's name even if it includes religious words,
and you may include religious references in your organization's mission
statements. If you have any questions or doubts, you should check with
the official who administers your Federal funds.
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What will happen if we violate any of the grant rules or requirements
specified in the grant?
If you violate the requirements specified in your grant or otherwise
improperly use the funds you receive, you may be subject to legal action.
Among other things, you may lose your grant funds, be required to repay
the funds you received, and pay any damages that might be awarded through
court action. If an organization uses its funds fraudulently, it could
be subject to criminal prosecution.
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Can Federal funds be used to purchase religious materials?
No. Faith-based organizations may not use Federal funds to purchase
religious materials - such as the Bible, Torah, Koran, or other religious
or scriptural materials.
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If our faith-based organization receives Federal funding, will it have to discontinue its religious practice of considering the religion of applicants when hiring employees?
In most circumstances, no. There is no general Federal law that prohibits faith-based organizations that receive Federal funds from hiring on a religious basis. Neither does Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which applies regardless of whether an organization receives Federal funds, prohibit faith-based organizations from hiring on a religious basis. This Act protects Americans from employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, and disability. But the Civil Rights Act also explicitly recognizes the fundamental rights of faith-based organizations to hire employees who share their religious beliefs. The United States Supreme Court unanimously upheld this special protection for faith-based groups in 1987, and it has been the law since then. Thus, a Jewish organization can decide to hire only Jewish employees, a Catholic organization can decide to hire only Catholics, and so on, without running into problems with the Civil Rights Act.
This special provision for faith-based groups protects the religious liberty of communities of faith. It permits faith-based groups to promote common values, a sense of community and unity of purpose, and shared experiences through service – all of which contribute to a religious organization's effectiveness. In order for a religious organization to define or carry out its mission, it may consider it important that it be able to take religion into account in hiring staff. Just as a college or university can take the academic credentials of an applicant for a professorship into consideration in order to maintain high standards, or an environmental organization can consider the views of potential employees on conservation, so too should a faith-based organization be able to take into account an applicant's religious belief when making a hiring decision.
In general, a faith-based organization retains this exemption under the law even if it receives Federal, State, or local financial assistance. However, some Federal laws and regulations (including statutes authorizing most DOJ grants), as well as State and local laws, may prohibit discrimination on the basis of religion in hiring. So which law prevails for a faith-based organization? If your organization is a faith-based organization that makes hiring decisions on the basis of religious belief, it may be entitled, under the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, 42 U.S.C. § 2000bb, to receive federal funds and yet maintain that hiring practice, even if the law creating the funding program contains a general ban on religious discrimination in employment. For the circumstances under which this may occur, and the certifications that may be required by the Department of Justice, please see the “Effect of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act on Faith-Based Applicants for Grants.” For a fuller discussion of the issue, please see the Memorandum Opinion for the General Counsel, Office of Justice Programs, dated June 29, 2007. Organizations with further questions about this issue may wish to consult a lawyer to find out about the specific requirements that apply to your organization and any rights you may have under the Constitution, RFRA, or other applicable law.
One final point: while a faith-based organization may be entitled to consider the religion of a job applicant, no federal grantee may discriminate among whom it serves on the basis of religion. All grantees must serve otherwise qualified persons in need of the funded social service, regardless of the beneficiaries’ religion and regardless whether or not the beneficiaries participate in any religious activity.
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What are some of the legal obligations that come along with a Federal
- Financial Reporting Requirements. To make sure that grant
funds are used properly, organizations that receive Federal funds
must file regular financial status reports. These forms should not
take long to fill out, but they are important. The basic financial
report form is a one-page document called Standard Form 269. Many
agencies have adapted this form to suit their own programs. You can
find a copy of Standard Form 269 at www.whitehouse.gov/omb/grants/#forms.
- Audit. All faith-based and community groups that receive
Federal funds are subject to basic audit requirements. These audits
are intended only to examine the Federally-funded parts of an organization's
operations and are not designed to identify unrelated problems. The
audits are necessary to make sure that Federal dollars have been spent
properly on legitimate costs. It is therefore extremely important
for grant recipients to keep accurate records of all transactions
conducted with Federal funds. Most organizations are not audited by
the government itself, although the Federal government has the right
to audit any program that receives public money at any time. For example,
charities that spend less than $300,000 a year in Federal funds are
generally asked only to perform a "self-audit." For larger grants – those
over $300,000 a year – an audit by a private, independent outside
legal or accounting firm is required. More information on audits may
be found on the Office of Management and Budget's web site (www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars).
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What is a peer reviewer?
A peer reviewer is a person who reviews, evaluates, and makes recommendations
on grant applications submitted in response to a competitive program
announcement (such as a solicitation
for grant application [SGA] or a request for proposals [RFP]). Peer
reviewers are experts in a field related to the subject of a proposed
program or in the implementation of that type of project and may not
be an officer or employee of the Department of Justice.
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How does one become a peer reviewer?
Do you have expertise in criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, victimization,
or other crime-related issues? Peer review panels include researchers,
practitioners, and academics from rural and urban areas, and people
with experience in both the public and private sectors, including community-based
organizations. Each DOJ component handles its peer review process differently
and has its own criteria for evaluating the qualifications of potential
peer reviewers. Please contact us if
you are interested in becoming involved as a peer reviewer.
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