Department of Justice
This U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Fleet Report for FY 2001 presents the Department's data on the number of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) acquired in FY 2001 and its planned AFV acquisitions and petroleum-use projections for FY 2002 and FY 2003. We have developed this report in accordance with the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) (42 U.S.C. 13211-13219) as amended by the Energy Conservation Reauthorization Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-388) (ECRA), and Executive Order 13149 (signed by the President in April 2000). The DOJ acquired 232 covered vehicles in FY 2001. The EPAct mandates that the Department acquire at least 174 AFVs to comply with the 75 percent AFV acquisition requirement. The DOJ exceeded this requirement by acquiring 181 AFVs (including credits) in FY 2001. Our plans indicate a similar level of compliance for FY 2002 and FY 2003. Detailed vehicle acquisition tables are shown in the Attachments B and C.
Summary of Federal Requirements
EPActrequires that 75 percent of all covered light-duty vehicles (LDV) acquired for Federal fleets in FY 1999 and beyond must be AFVs (where the fleets have 20 or more vehicles, are capable of being centrally fueled, and are operated in a metropolitan statistical area with a population of more than 250,000 based on the 1980 census). Certain emergency, law enforcement, and national defense vehicles are exempt from these requirements. EPAct also sets a goal of using replacement fuels to displace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuel in the United States annually by the year 2010. The ECRA amended EPAct to allow one alternative fuel vehicle acquisition credit for every 450 gallons of pure biodiesel fuel consumed in vehicles over 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight rating. "Biodiesel credits" may fulfill up to 50 percent of an agency's EPAct requirements. Executive Order (EO) 13149 directs Federal agencies operating a fleet of 20 or more vehicles within the United States to reduce their annual petroleum consumption by at least 20 percent by the end of FY 2005 (compared to FY 1999 levels) by using alternative fuels in AFVs more than 50 percent of the time, improving the average fuel economy of new light-duty petroleum-fueled vehicle acquisitions by 1 mpg by FY 2002 and 3 mpg by FY 2005, and using other fleet efficiency measures.
DOJ Approach to Compliance with EPAct and EO 13149
To achieve compliance with the requirements of EPAct and EO 13149, DOJ will acquire 75 percent of all covered LDVs as AFVs, and use alternative fuel in these vehicles a majority of the time. It will also acquire light duty vehicles with a higher fuel economy of one mile per gallon (mpg) in FY 2002 and three mpg in FY 2005.
DOJ Fleet Compliance for FY 2001
Figure 1 is a graphical depiction of AFV acquisitions by DOJ's fleet in FY 2001 and projections for FY 2002 and FY 2003. The DOJ acquired 232 covered LDVs in FY 2001, of which 164 were AFVs. The DOJ also gained 17 credits for acquiring dedicated light, medium, and heavy-duty AFVs, for a total of 181 AFV credits, thereby exceeding the EPAct requirement. Attachment A provides detailed information on the number and types of LDVs leased or purchased by the DOJ fleet in FY 2001.
Figure 1. Summary of FY 2001 Acquisitions and Planned FY 2002 and FY 2003 AFV Acquisitions
Additional vehicles were leased and purchased by DOJ that were not "covered" vehicles. Of the total of 4,133 LDVs acquired in FY 2001, the following were not counted for compliance:
Special Projects of the DOJ Fleet Related to AFV and Infrastructure Acquisitions
The Department is continuing with plans for infrastructure upgrades including installation of compressed natural gas refueling stations at one Bureau of Prison (BOP) facility with plans for conversions/installations at several other BOP and Federal Bureau of Investigation facilities. We are also reviewing the feasibility of converting facilities that currently use diesel fuel to bio-diesel. The Department will continue to work with the interagency Federal Fleet Policy Council and the interagency AFV subcommittee on strategies and methods relative to AFV acquisition and infrastructure.
Alternative Fuel Use by the DOJ Fleet in FY 2001
Table 1 presents total fuel use data for DOJ's fleet in FY 2001. A small percentage of the Department's vehicles are leased, and the lease contracts include the maintenance and fuel costs for the vehicles. This is accomplished by the use of a General Services Administration (GSA) credit card that the fleets use to purchase alternative fuel. However, since product code standards are not uniform among suppliers of alternative fuels (e.g., ethanol or E-85), it is impossible for credit vendors to accurately track the purchase of alternative fuels with this credit card. The exception is natural gas, which is usually purchased at a local utility refueling site, allowing the fleet to contact the utility for an accurate accounting of purchased fuel.Table 1. DOJ Fuel Use in FY 2001
DOJ Fleet AFV Acquisitions for FY 2002 and FY 2003
Attachments B and C provide detailed information on projected vehicle acquisitions and inventory for the DOJ fleet for FY 2001 and FY 2002. In FY 2002, DOJ is planning to acquire a cumulative total of 67 LDVs with the total number of AFV acquisition credits totaling 74, exceeding the EPAct requirement of 50 AFVs. In FY 2003, DOJ is planning to acquire a cumulative total of 172 LDVs with the total number of AFV acquisition credits totaling 191, exceeding the EPAct requirement of 129 AFVs.
Attachment D provides detailed information on DOJ fleet petroleum consumption. In FY 1999, DOJ's baseline petroleum consumption was 1,210,491 gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE). In FY 2001, petroleum consumption was 1,179,148 GGE. This represents a savings of 31,343 GGE in FY 2001 compared to the 1999 baseline (a 2.6 percent reduction in fuel use). Because the number of DOJ's total covered vehicles increased from 1,697 in FY 1999 to 1,823 in FY 2001 (an increase by 7.4 percent), the fuel reduction on a per-vehicle basis was 9.3 percent. This is a more accurate measure of the Department's fuel reduction efforts, taking into account the increased need for motor vehicles to execute the Department's mission. Due to the dynamics and nature of DOJ's mission, the number of covered LDV acquisitions may fluctuate significantly from year to year. Therefore, the average fuel reduction on a per-vehicle basis is more accurate than the total fuel reduction by the Department compared to the FY 1999 baseline.
Changes to Previous Reports
In preparing this report, inaccuracies in the fuel totals for the FY 1999 baseline and FY 2000 reports were identified. Most of the inaccuracies were as a result of erroneous interpretation of the data for leased vehicles provided by GSA.Because GSA has no method of separating all law enforcement-exempt vehicles from covered vehicles (except in cases where a vehicle is clearly identified as law enforcement by a standard item number) a large portion of the fuel used was incorrectly attributed to covered vehicles.For the FY 1999baselinethe covered gasolinetotal should be 1,198,459 gallons instead of 1,602,247 gallons, and the diesel total for FY 1999 is 12,032gallons instead of 2,925 gallons. These corrections result in the total covered petroleum consumption for FY 1999 equaling 1,210,491 instead of 1,605,172 gallons. For the FY 2000 reporting period, the covered gasoline totalis 1,031,888instead of 1,464,656and the diesel total is 9,248 instead of 36,449. These corrections result in the total covered petroleum consumption for FY 2000 equaling 1,041,136 instead of 1,501,105 gallons. These corrections also change the petroleum reduction from 6.5 to 14 percent compared to the FY 1999 baseline total. The original estimated fuel used in AFVs for FY 2000 was reduced from 748,286 to 41,758, with the alternative fuel use at 12.3 percent. Additionally, the FY 2000 report should have reported 37 leased vehicles as exempt due to non-MSA operation, which reduces the EPAct covered acquisitions from 114 vehicles to 77. This correction increased the FY 2000 AFV acquisition percentage from 28 to 42. The Department of Energy has been made aware of these corrections and will incorporate them into the "Federal Fleet Evaluation for Compliance with Executive Order 13149 and the Energy Policy Act of 1992" report to Congress.
As detailed in this report and the attached appendices, DOJ exceeded the AFV acquisition requirements of EPAct in FY 2001 and projects to repeat this accomplishment in FY 2002 and FY 2003. In addition, the Department fleet was able to reduce the agency's annual fleet petroleum consumption by 31,343 GGE in FY 2001 (as compared to FY 1999). The DOJ will continue to comply with the requirements of EPAct, ECRA, and EO 13149. By full compliance with the requirement to acquire 75 percent AFVs and a commitment to acquire vehicles with increased fuel efficiency, the Department will achieve at least a 20 percent reduction in the fleet's annual petroleum consumption in FY 2005.
Attachment A - Complex-Wide AFV Report 2001 - Actuals
Attachment B - Complex-Wide AFV Report 2002 - Planned
Attachment C - Complex-Wide AFV Report 2003 - Projected
Attachment D - Petroleum Consumption Report