U.S. Department of Justice
This U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Fleet Report for FY 2002 presents the Department's data on the number of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) acquired in FY 2002 and its planned AFV acquisitions for FY 2003 and FY 2004. The report has been developed in accordance with the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) (42 U.S.C. 13211-13219) as amended by the Energy Conservation Reauthorization Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-388) (ECRA), and Executive Order 13149 (signed by the President in April 2000). The DOJ acquired 118 covered vehicles in FY 2002. The EPAct mandates that the Department acquire at least 89 AFVs to comply with the 75 percent AFV acquisition requirement. The DOJ exceeded this requirement by acquiring 121 AFVs (including credits) in FY 2002. Our plans indicate a similar level of compliance for FY 2003 and FY 2004. Detailed vehicle acquisition tables are shown in the Attachments B and C.
Summary of Federal Requirements
EPAct requires that 75 percent of all covered light-duty vehicles (LDV) acquired for Federal fleets in FY 1999 and beyond must be AFVs (where the fleets have 20 or more vehicles, are capable of being centrally fueled, and are operated in a metropolitan statistical area with a population of more than 250,000 based on the 1980 census). Certain emergency, law enforcement, and national defense vehicles are exempt from these requirements. EPAct also sets a goal of using replacement fuels to displace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuel in the United States annually by the year 2010. The ECRA amended EPAct to allow one alternative fuel vehicle acquisition credit for every 450 gallons of pure Biodiesel fuel consumed in vehicles over 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight rating. "Biodiesel credits" may fulfill up to 50 percent of an agency's EPAct requirements. Executive Order (EO) 13149 directs Federal agencies operating a fleet of 20 or more vehicles within the United States to reduce their annual petroleum consumption by at least 20 percent by the end of FY 2005 (compared to FY 1999 levels) by using alternative fuels in AFVs more than 50 percent of the time, improving the average fuel economy of new light-duty petroleum-fueled vehicle acquisitions by one mile per gallon (mpg) by FY 2002 and three mpg by FY 2005, and using other fleet efficiency measures.
DOJ Approach to Compliance with EPAct and EO 13149
To achieve compliance with the requirements of EPAct and EO 13149, DOJ will acquire 75 percent of all covered LDVs as AFVs, and use alternative fuel in these vehicles a majority of the time. It will also acquire LDVs with a higher fuel economy of one mpg in FY 2002 and three mpg in FY 2005.
DOJ Fleet Compliance for FY 2002
Figure 1 is a graphical depiction of AFV acquisitions by DOJ's fleet in FY 2002 and projections for FY 2003 and FY 2004. The DOJ acquired 118 covered LDVs in FY 2002, of which 107 were AFVs. The DOJ also gained 14 credits for acquiring dedicated light, medium, and heavy-duty AFVs, for a total of 121 AFV credits, thereby exceeding the EPAct requirement by 28 percent. Attachment A provides detailed information on the number and types of LDVs leased or purchased by the DOJ fleet in FY 2002.
Figure 1. Summary of FY 2002 Acquisitions and Planned FY 2003 and FY 2004 AFV Acquisitions
Additional vehicles were leased and purchased by DOJ that were not "covered" vehicles. Of the total of 2,962 LDVs acquired in FY 2002, the following were not counted for compliance:
Special Projects of the DOJ Fleet Related to AFV and Infrastructure Acquisitions
The Department is continuing with plans for infrastructure upgrades including installation of compressed natural gas refueling stations at Bureau of Prison (BOP) facilities where feasible with plans for conversions/installations at several other BOP and Federal Bureau of Investigation facilities. We are also reviewing the feasibility of converting facilities that currently use diesel fuel to bio-diesel. The Department will continue to work with the Interagency Federal Fleet Policy Council and the Interagency AFV Subcommittee on strategies and methods relative to AFV acquisition and infrastructure.
Alternative Fuel Use by the DOJ Fleet in FY 2002
Table 1 presents total fuel
use data for DOJ's fleet in FY 2002. A small percentage of the Department's
vehicles are leased, and the lease contracts include the maintenance and
fuel costs for the vehicles. This is accomplished by the use of a General
Services Administration credit card that the fleets use to purchase alternative
fuel. However, since product code standards are not uniform among suppliers
of alternative fuels (e.g., ethanol or E-85), it is impossible for credit
vendors to accurately track the purchase of alternative fuels with this
DOJ Fleet AFV Acquisitions for FY 2003 and FY 2004
Attachments B and C provide detailed information on projected vehicle acquisitions and inventory for the DOJ fleet for FY 2003 and FY 2004. In FY 2003, DOJ is planning to acquire a cumulative total of 277 LDVs with the total number of AFV acquisition credits totaling 310, exceeding the EPAct requirement of 208 AFVs. In FY 2004, DOJ is planning to acquire a cumulative total of 332 LDVs with the total number of AFV acquisition credits totaling 566, exceeding the EPAct requirement of 249 AFVs.
In FY 1999, DOJ's original baseline petroleum consumption was 1,210,491 gasoline gallon equivalent (GGE). That figure has since been revised to 741,491 as a result of reclassification of some vehicles that previously were considered as covered but were in fact law enforcement vehicles. That figure will be revised again in the future as a result of a reorganization of the Department due to the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. This reorganization will cause the number of covered vehicles to increase with the incorporation of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms. In FY 2002, petroleum consumption was 883,203 GGE. This represents an increase of 141,712 GGE in FY 2002 compared to the 1999 revised baseline (a 19 percent increase in fuel use). This increase is due to various reasons. One reason is the lack of E85, the fuel that can be used for the largest majority of alternative fueled vehicles in the Department's vehicle inventory. These vehicles, also appropriately named flexible fueled vehicles (FFVs) can also use regular unleaded fuel when E85 is unavailable. The Department has 557 such vehicles in its inventory. The total gallons of E85 reported for FY 2002 for the 557 FFVs is 10,885, which is a mere 19.5 gallons per vehicle for the year. The lack of alternative fuel infrastructure has been a source of frustration for the entire federal government and has been clearly addressed in the Department's updated strategy to the Department of Energy. Also, since the events of September 11, 2001, many bureau's within DOJ have increased their vehicle usage. As the chief law enforcement agency in the federal government, the mission will dictate our vehicle use which will fluctuate from year to year.
As detailed in this report
and the attached appendices, DOJ exceeded the AFV acquisition requirements
of EPAct in FY 2002 and projects to repeat this accomplishment in FY 2003
and FY 2004. The DOJ will continue to comply with the requirements of
EPAct, ECRA, and EO 13149. By full compliance with the requirement to
acquire 75 percent AFVs and a commitment to acquire vehicles with increased
fuel efficiency, the Department's goal is to achieve at least a 20 percent
reduction in the fleet's annual petroleum consumption in FY 2005. There
are still many obstacles with regard to obtaining alternative fuel as
detailed in the Department's latest strategy revision. The automotive
manufacturers are increasingly making more AFV's available for purchase
in order to decrease dependency on petroleum oil. However, until the fuel
is more prevalent and readily available, acquiring an AFV is of little
or no value. Despite the obstacles, the Department will continue to support
the efforts contained in EO 13149.
Attachment B - Department of Justice AFV Report 2003 - Planned
Attachment C - Department of Justice AFV Report 2004 - Projected