U.S. Department of Justice
Fleet AFV Program Report for FY 2005
January 2005

This U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Fleet Report for FY 2005 presents the Department’s data on the number of alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) acquired in FY 2005 and its planned AFV acquisitions for FY 2006 and FY 2007. The report has been developed in accordance with the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) (42 U.S.C. 13211-13219) as amended by the Energy Conservation Reauthorization Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-388) (ECRA), and Executive Order (EO) 13149, signed by the President in April 2000. The DOJ acquired 193 covered vehicles in FY 2005. The EPAct mandates that the Department acquire at least 145 AFVs in order to comply with the 75 percent AFV acquisition requirement. The DOJ exceeded this requirement by acquiring 154 AFVs (including credits) in FY 2005. Our plans indicate a continued level of compliance for FY 2006 and FY 2007. Detailed vehicle acquisition tables are shown in the Attachments B and C.

Summary of Federal Requirements

EPAct requires that 75 percent of all covered light-duty vehicles (LDV) acquired for Federal fleets in FY 1999 and beyond must be AFVs (where the fleets have 20 or more vehicles, are capable of being centrally fueled, and are operated in a metropolitan statistical area with a population of more than 250,000 based on the 1980 census). Certain emergency, law enforcement, and national defense vehicles are exempt from these requirements. EPAct also sets a goal of using replacement fuels to displace at least 30 percent of the projected consumption of motor fuel in the United States annually by the year 2010. The ECRA amended EPAct to allow one alternative fuel vehicle acquisition credit for every 450 gallons of pure Biodiesel fuel consumed in vehicles over 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight rating. “Biodiesel credits” may fulfill up to 50 percent of an agency’s EPAct requirements. EO 13149 directs Federal agencies operating a fleet of 20 or more vehicles within the United States to reduce their annual petroleum consumption by at least 20 percent by the end of FY 2005 (compared to FY 1999 levels) by using alternative fuels in AFVs more than 50 percent of the time, improving the average fuel economy of new light-duty petroleum-fueled vehicle acquisitions by one mile per gallon (mpg) by FY 2002 and three mpg by FY 2005, and using other fleet efficiency measures.

DOJ Approach to Compliance with EPAct and EO 13149

To achieve compliance with the requirements of EPAct and EO 13149, DOJ will acquire 75 percent of all covered LDVs as AFVs, and use alternative fuel in these vehicles when possible a majority of the time. The average fuel economy of newly acquired LDVs in FY 2005 was 3.9 miles per gallon greater than the baseline.

DOJ Fleet Compliance for FY 2005

Figure 1 is a graphical depiction of AFV acquisitions by DOJ’s fleet in FY 2005 and projections for FY 2006 and FY 2007. The DOJ acquired 193 covered LDVs in FY 2005, and received credit for 139 AFVs. Fifteen additional credits were gained, 10 for acquiring dedicated light-duty AFVs, and 5 for biodiesel use, bringing the total AFV credits to 154. This exceeded the EPAct requirement by 5 percent. Attachment A provides detailed information on the number and types of LDVs leased or purchased by the DOJ fleet in FY 2005.

Summary of FY 2005 Acquisitions and Planned FY 2006 and FY 2007 AFV Acquisitions
d


Figure 1. Summary of FY 2005 Acquisitions and Planned FY 2006 and FY 2007 AFV Acquisitions

Additional vehicles were leased and purchased by DOJ that were not covered under the EPAct. Of the total of 4,347 LDVs acquired in FY 2005, the following were not accountable for compliance:

400 were located outside covered metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs)

3,754 were exempt as law enforcement vehicles

Special Projects of the DOJ Fleet Related to AFV and Infrastructure Acquisitions

The Department is continuing with plans for infrastructure upgrades including the installation of Biodiesel refueling sites at Bureau of Prisons (BOP) facilities where feasible.

Alternative Fuel Use by the DOJ Fleet in FY 2005

Table 1 presents total fuel use data for DOJ’s fleet in FY 2005. A small percentage of the Department’s vehicles are leased, and the lease contract includes the maintenance and fuel costs for the vehicles. This is accomplished by the use of a General Services Administration (GSA) credit card that the fleets use to purchase fuel. However, since product code standards are not uniform among suppliers of alternative fuels (e.g., ethanol or E85), it is not always possible to accurately track the purchase of alternative fuels with this credit card or with any government issued fleet card. This problem continues to persist and is well-known by government agencies requiring this information. The exception is natural gas, which is usually purchased at local utility refueling sites, allowing the fleet to contact the utility for an accurate accounting of purchased fuel.

Table 1. DOJ Fuel Use in FY 2005

Fuel Type Quantity Unit
CNG (gallons) at 3000 PSI
329,181
Gallons
CNG (cubic feet)
7,818
Hundred cu. ft.
Diesel
919,934
Gallons
E-85
41,652
Gallons*
B20 (Biodiesel)
12,951
Gallons
Gasoline
22,926,613
Gallons

* Estimate based on incomplete data

DOJ Fleet AFV Acquisitions for FY 2006 and FY 2007

Attachments B and C provide detailed information on projected vehicle acquisitions and inventory for the DOJ fleet for FY 2006 and FY 2007. In FY 2006, DOJ is planning to acquire a cumulative total of 75 LDVs with the total number of AFV acquisition credits totaling 208, exceeding the EPAct requirement of 56 AFVs. In FY 2007, DOJ is planning to acquire a cumulative total of 113 LDVs with the total number of AFV acquisition credits totaling 229, exceeding the EPAct requirement of 85 AFVs.

Petroleum Savings

For FY 2005, the reported covered petroleum consumption is 599,437 Gasoline Gallon Equivalents (GGE). This represents a reported decrease of 242,819 GGE compared to the baseline of 842,256 (a 28.8 percent decrease in fuel use). However, it was learned prior to this report that the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) did not have any covered vehicles in their fleet, yet the base line contained 66,000 gallons of gasoline accounted to the OIG. Because the OIG is involved in law enforcement activities, their vehicles are generally exempt. The 66,000 gallons was for what was originally thought to be used in mass produced AFVs, and therefore not allowed to apply the law enforcement exemption. These were in fact not AFVs and the 66,000 gallons should not have been part of the baseline. Taking these factors into account would have reduced the baseline to 776,256 gallons, making the reported fuel reduction 172,819, or 22.7 percent.

Summary

As detailed in this report and the attached appendices, DOJ exceeded the AFV acquisition requirements of the EPAct in FY 2005 and projects to repeat this accomplishment in FY 2006 and FY 2007. The DOJ will continue its efforts to comply with the requirements of the EPAct, ECRA, and EO 13149. By full compliance with the requirement to acquire 75 percent AFVs and a commitment to acquire vehicles with increased fuel efficiency, the Department’s goal is to continue to reduce fleet’s annual petroleum consumption.

However, there are still many obstacles with regard to complying with these goals. Even though the automotive manufacturers are producing more AFVs, predominately E85 capable vehicles, many of these vehicles are of the larger class and size such as Sport Utility Vehicle’s and pick-up trucks. Acquiring these types of vehicles is not the best strategy since the availability of E85 fuel, although increasing, is still not enough. E85 fuel is predominately available in the Midwest with the highest concentration in Minnesota. The Department has made progress here in the Metropolitan DC area since there are now two fueling sites in the immediate area where E85 is available. This has been a help, but until the number of fueling sites is substantially increased throughout the United States, the goal of using alternative fuel in AFVs is extremely difficult, and in some cases impossible. Despite these obstacles, the Department will continue its efforts to support and promote the use of alternative fuel.

Attachment A - Department of Justice AFV Report 2005 - Actuals
Attachment B - Department of Justice AFV Report 2006 - Planned
Attachment C - Department of Justice AFV Report 2007 - Projected