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National Drug Intelligence Center.

       

Title:

Delaware Drug Threat Assessment

Delaware Drug Threat Assessment.Publication Date: March  2002
Update: May 2003

Document ID: 2002-S0379DE-001

Archived on:  January 1, 2006. This document may contain dated information. It remains available to provide access to historical materials.

This report is a strategic assessment that addresses the status and outlook of the drug threat to Delaware. Analytical judgment determined the threat posed by each drug type or category, taking into account the most current quantitative and qualitative information on availability, demand, production or cultivation, transportation, and distribution, as well as the effects of a particular drug on abusers and society as a whole. While NDIC sought to incorporate the latest available information, a time lag often exists between collection and publication of data, particularly demand-related data sets. NDIC anticipates that this drug threat assessment will be useful to policymakers, law enforcement personnel, and treatment providers at the federal, state, and local levels because it draws upon a broad range of information sources to describe and analyze the drug threat to Delaware.

Your questions, comments, and suggestions for future subjects are welcome at any time.  Addresses are provided at the end of the page.
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Contents

Executive Summary

Overview
  Fast Facts

Heroin
  Abuse
  Availability
  Violence
  Production
  Transportation
  Distribution

Cocaine
  Abuse
  Availability
  Violence
  Production
  Transportation
  Distribution

Marijuana
  Abuse
  Availability
  Violence
  Production
  Transportation
  Distribution

MDMA
  Abuse
  Availability
  Violence
  Production
  Transportation
  Distribution

Methamphetamine 
  Abuse
  Availability
  Violence
  Production
  Transportation
  Distribution

Outlook

Sources


List of Tables

Table 1. Drug-Related Arrests, Delaware, 1994-1999
Table 2. Alcohol- and Drug-Related Treatment Admissions to Publicly Funded Facilities, Delaware, 1995-2000
Table 3. Heroin, Cocaine, and Marijuana Seizures, Kilograms, Delaware, FY1995-FY2000


Executive Summary

The distribution and abuse of illegal drugs in Delaware pose a serious threat to public security. Low cost, high purity heroin is being distributed and abused at an alarming rate, particularly among teenagers and young adults, making it the state's primary drug threat. Cocaine is readily available, frequently abused, and its distribution and abuse are associated with more violent crime than any other drug in the state. Marijuana is the most readily available and widely abused drug, but its distribution and abuse are not commonly associated with violent crime. MDMA poses a growing threat as abuse levels increase throughout the state. Methamphetamine is available and abused but poses only a minimal threat when compared with that from other illicit drugs.

Heroin, primarily South American, poses the greatest drug threat to Delaware. High purity, low cost heroin is readily available in the state, and the reported rate of heroin abuse among teenagers and young adults is close to the abuse rate for alcohol, the primary substance abused in the state. The number of new abusers, particularly teenagers and young adults, has increased dramatically. Delaware had the fifth highest rate of heroin-related treatment admissions to publicly funded facilities in the nation in 1999. The total annual number of heroin-related treatment admissions to publicly funded facilities was almost twice that of cocaine from 1999 through 2000. Wholesale distribution of heroin in Delaware is extremely rare. Local independent Caucasian dealers are the dominant heroin transporters and retail distributors. These dealers usually purchase multiounce and gram quantities of the drug from Dominican criminal groups and street gangs based in Philadelphia and transport the heroin to Delaware for distribution.

Cocaine is the second greatest drug threat to Delaware. Powdered cocaine and crack cocaine are readily available and commonly abused, and their distribution and abuse are more commonly associated with violent crime than any other drug in the state. Delaware had the fourth highest rate of cocaine-related treatment admissions to publicly funded facilities in the nation in 1999. The total annual number of cocaine-related treatment admissions has remained relatively stable, ranking second to heroin since 1996. The number of cocaine-related federal sentences in Delaware far surpassed the number for all other drug-related federal sentences combined every year from fiscal year 1998 through fiscal year 2000. Local independent African American and Caucasian dealers and Hispanic street gangs are the primary transporters of cocaine into and throughout Delaware. They purchase powdered cocaine, commonly in kilogram quantities, primarily from Dominican and Jamaican criminal groups in New York City and Philadelphia and, to a lesser extent, in Baltimore, Miami, and Washington, D.C., among other locations. Local independent Caucasian dealers are the primary wholesale and retail distributors of powdered cocaine in the state. Local independent African American dealers and Hispanic street gangs are the primary retail distributors of crack--wholesale distribution is rare, except in certain sections of Wilmington.

Marijuana is the most readily available, widely abused, and least expensive illicit drug in Delaware. However, the drug poses a lower threat than heroin or cocaine in part because its distribution and abuse are not commonly associated with violent crime. Reported rates of marijuana abuse among high school students in Delaware are high and increasing. Jamaican criminal groups are the dominant transporters and wholesale and retail distributors of Mexico-produced marijuana and marijuana produced by Mexican criminal groups based in Arizona, California, and Texas. They commonly transport marijuana to Delaware using package delivery services and couriers. Local independent Caucasian and African American dealers and Hispanic street gangs distribute wholesale and retail quantities of marijuana in Delaware. Locally grown cannabis is increasingly available but remains less prevalent.

MDMA poses a growing threat to Delaware. MDMA is increasingly available and abused by teenagers and young adults. The quantity of MDMA seized in Delaware increased dramatically from 1999 through 2000. Local independent Caucasian dealers, usually college age students, purchase MDMA tablets from criminal groups based in Baltimore, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C., and distribute the drug at raves, house parties, bars, and on college campuses.

Methamphetamine is available and abused in Delaware; it is not yet a serious problem although it is a growing concern. Methamphetamine is not as commonly available and abused as heroin, cocaine, marijuana, or MDMA. Most methamphetamine available in Delaware is produced in Pennsylvania using primarily the phenyl-2-propanone (P2P) method. However, methamphetamine produced in western states using the hydriodic acid/red phosphorus method increasingly is available. Local independent Caucasian dealers and criminal groups and members of the Pagans outlaw motorcycle gang are the primary wholesale and retail distributors of methamphetamine in the state.


Addresses

National Drug Intelligence Center
319 Washington Street, 5th Floor
Johnstown, PA 15901

Tel. (814) 532-4601
FAX (814) 532-4690
E-mail NDIC.Contacts@usdoj.gov

National Drug Intelligence Center
8201 Greensboro Drive, Suite 1001
McLean, VA 22102-3840

Tel. (703) 556-8970
FAX (703) 556-7807

 

Web Addresses

ADNET:  http://ndicosa 
      DOJ:  http://www.usdoj.gov/archive/ndic/
      LEO:  home.leo.gov/lesig/archive/ndic/ 


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