NATIONAL DRUG INTELLIGENCE CENTER
Publication Date: May 2007
Document ID: 2007-L0424-003
Archived on: January 1, 2010. This document may contain dated information. It remains available to provide access to historical materials.
This report documents the relationship between the trafficking and distribution of methamphetamine and the crime of identity theft.
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List of Figures
Figure 1. Number of Reported Identity Thefts, 2000 to 2006.
List of Tables
Table 1. Top 5 States for Identity Theft Complaints per 100,000 Population, 2006
Federal Trade Commission (FTC) data show that reported incidents of identity theft in the United States rose significantly between 2000 and 2005 before decreasing slightly in 2006 (see Figure 1). Moreover, the Better Business Bureau estimates that approximately 8.9 million Americans had their identities stolen in 2006 at a cost of $56.6 billion that year, up from $54.4 billion in 2005.1 Contributing to this problem are rising levels of methamphetamine-related identity theft reported by federal, state, and local law enforcement officials.2 Law enforcement reporting indicates that methamphetamine users commonly engage in identity theft to acquire another person's personal information, which they either sell to obtain money for methamphetamine purchases or exchange for the drug. The prevalence of such identity theft is rising in many areas where rates of methamphetamine distribution and abuse are high or increasing.
Methamphetamine-Related Identity Theft
Some methamphetamine abusers engage in various forms of identity theft in order to obtain methamphetamine. For example, methamphetamine abusers often generate cash by stealing and subsequently cashing personal checks or by using stolen credit cards to purchase merchandise that they sell for cash or trade for methamphetamine. Some abusers also trade stolen credit cards or personal documents (such as checks, bank statements, workplace pay statements, etc.) to distributors in exchange for methamphetamine. The distributors then sell the stolen credit cards and documents or provide them to methamphetamine producers as payment for the drug. For example, the Central Valley California High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) reports that drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) and criminal groups that traffic methamphetamine in the HIDTA region organize groups of methamphetamine abusers and direct them to steal personal identity documents in exchange for drugs or cash. Identities traded for methamphetamine are then used by the DTOs and criminal groups in a variety of ways, including:
Law enforcement reporting indicates that methamphetamine abusers typically acquire another person's personal information and identification documents by sorting through victims' garbage as well as through mail theft, car break-ins, and Internet and e-mail scams. Law enforcement reporting also reveals that methamphetamine abusers commonly form organized groups to facilitate identity theft. The groups typically consist of Collectors, Converters, and Passers, who work within a specific geographic area and are responsible for specific tasks.
Law enforcement reporting indicates that methamphetamine is the drug most commonly implicated in the drug-related identity theft complaints reported each year. For instance, law enforcement officials in Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Oregon, and Washington indicate that stolen mail and other documentation consistent with identity thefts have become increasingly commonplace at locations investigated under methamphetamine-related search warrants. Moreover, data from the National Association of Counties (NACo) 2006 Survey of U.S. Counties show that the percentage of sheriffs reporting methamphetamine-related identity theft in their county increased 4 percent in just 1 year--from 27 percent in 2005 to 31 percent in 2006.3 However, a precise comparison of the rate of methamphetamine-related identity theft with rates of identity theft associated with other drugs is not feasible because drug-specific identity theft statistics are not currently collected by any federal, state, or local agency. Nonetheless, 2006 FTC data show that rates of reported identity thefts are highest in states that have high and sustained levels of methamphetamine distribution and abuse. For example, Arizona, Nevada, California, Texas, and Florida (all states with well-documented and long-standing concerns regarding high levels of methamphetamine distribution and abuse) ranked first through fifth for identity theft complaints per 100,000 population (see Table 1).
In areas of the country where methamphetamine trafficking is increasing, such as in the Great Lakes, Southeast, and Mid-Atlantic Regions, identity theft will quite likely increase.
The incidence of identity theft and methamphetamine trafficking and abuse have increased and gained national attention in recent years. Likewise, the awareness that the two crimes are linked has increased among federal, state, and local law enforcement. To this end, in April 2005 The Methamphetamine and Identity Theft Study Act (H.R. 246) was introduced4 for the purpose of initiating an 18-month national study that will culminate in a report to Congress on the relationship between methamphetamine and identity theft. If H.R. 246 is enacted, the study will evaluate:
Growing rates of methamphetamine distribution and abuse and ensuing increases in methamphetamine-related identity theft very likely will expose the public to other forms of fraud as methamphetamine traffickers find new ways to exploit stolen identification information. For instance, methamphetamine abusers may begin to use stolen identities to seek treatment for methamphetamine-related illnesses or may sell identities to individuals for their use in seeking medical treatment, prescription drugs, and even insurance payouts from a health insurance provider. The effects of such medical identity theft parallel those of financial identity theft; however, in addition to financial losses, victims' medical records could be altered without their permission. Incorrect entries on a person's medical record could lead to exclusion from certain types of employment, preclusion from acquiring health insurance, misdiagnoses, injury, and even death if the victim receives medical care based on incorrect information in his or her medical records.
Executive Office of the President
Federal Trade Commission
U.S. Postal Inspection Service
Attorney General's Office
Computer and Technology Crime High-Tech Response Teams
Office of Senator Dianne Feinstein
Office of Senator Maria Cantwell
The Council of Better Business Bureaus
National Association of Counties
World Privacy Forum
1. It appears
from these data that a significant number of identity theft victims
do not file a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission.
National Drug Intelligence Center
Tel. (814) 532-4601
National Drug Intelligence Center
Tel. (202) 432-4040
End of document.