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Since the 1970s, the U.S. Department of Justice has both funded and authored a variety of studies and reports relevant to the provision of indigent defense services. Where possible, links to the reports have been included and more will come on line in the coming months. As we work to make this a comprehensive bibliography of indigent defense materials authored or funded by the Department, please contact the Access to Justice Initiative at 202-514-5312 about any appropriate publications that may be missing from this list.

Title  Not Sorted Author Not Sorted Year Sorted Descending Funded By Not Sorted Description
OJJDP Bulletin: Innovative Approaches to Juvenile Indigent Defense (NCJ 171151) Patricia Puritz and Wendy Wan Long Shang (U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention) 1998 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Several initiatives in Maryland, New York, and the District of Columbia that provide comprehensive and holistic legal representation for juveniles are profiled.
Improving the Nationís Criminal Justice System: Findings and Results from State and Local Program Evaluations (NCJ 166882) Marylinda Stawasz and Nancy Michel (The Justice Research and Statistics Association) 1997 Bureau of Justice Assistance This report describes six model programs related to offender drug treatment, batterer treatment, gang prevention, and other issues; the programs were federally funded, evaluated at the State and local levels, and identified as effective programs for other States and localities to replicate.
NIJ Program Focus: Public Defenders in the Neighborhood: A Harlem Law Office Stresses Teamwork, Early Investigation (NCJ 163061) David C. Anderson (National Institute of Justice Program Focus) 1997 National Institute of Justice This paper describes the structure and operations of the Neighborhood Defender Service in Harlem, which places public defenders in the community.
NLADA Interim Report: National Survey of Indigent Defense Systems Ira Mickenberg (National Legal Aid & Defender Association) 1997 Bureau of Justice Statistics This report reviews existing research and literature on the delivery of legal services to indigent defendants and analyzes many of the recent changes in the administration of criminal justice that a following survey will address.
NLADA Blue Ribbon Advisory Committee on Indigent Defense Services Findings and Recommendations Marshall J. Hartman (National Legal Aid & Defender Association) 1997 Bureau of Justice Assistance The committee identifies and reports on five national priority areas for defender communities: training, standards for indigent defense services, auditing and technical assistance, utilization of social service and other interdisciplinary resources and coalition building: adjudication, community, and other partnerships.
BJS Selected Findings: Indigent Defense (NCJ 158909) Steven K. Smith and Carol J. DeFrances (U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics) 1996 Bureau of Justice Statistics Indigent defense services for criminal defendants are described, based on findings from Bureau of Justice Statistics surveys.
NIJ Journal: Community Defense and the Challenge of Community Justice (NCJ 184880) Christopher Stone (Vera Institute of Justice, Inc.) 1996 National Institute of Justice The Neighborhood Defender Service (NDS) in Harlem, New York, was an experiment aimed at developing and testing new ways of organizing and deploying public defenders to solve problems of community justice yet provide high-quality representation. The author believes the experiences gained from the NDS can inform the development of public defenders and the community justice movement in general.
Report to the Nation on Crime and Justice: Second Edition (NCJ 105506) Marianne W. Zawitz, ed. (U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics) 1988 Bureau of Justice Statistics This comprehensive report on crime includes an overview of the criminal event that examines how crimes are defined, the sources of crime statistics, the types of crime statistics and their significance, when and where crimes occur, what weapons are used in various types of crime, and 1980-1984 crime trends.
NIJ Issues & Practices: Containing the Costs of Indigent Defense Programs: Eligibility Screening and Cost Recovery Procedures (NCJ 103682) Robert L. Spangenberg (Abt Associates) 1986 National Institute of Justice This report reviews two of the most popular methods of cost control in indigent defense programs: 1) systematic review of defendantís eligibility for representation, and 2) costs recovery for those defendants able to contribute to the costs of their defense.
Criminal Defense for the Poor, 1986 (NCJ 112919) Robert L. Spangenberg, Judy Kapuseinski and Patricia A. Smith (The Spangenberg Group) 1986 Bureau of Justice Statistics This study replicates the methodology used in a 1982 survey of State criminal defense programs for the poor, using a stratified sample of 718 counties in 50 States to update and provide comparable data on indigent defense services.