SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
The United States of America and Hughey, Inc. d/b/a Carmel Concrete Products ("the defendant"), a corporation organized and existing under the laws of Indiana, hereby enter into the following Plea Agreement pursuant to Rule 11(c)(1)(B) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure ("Fed. R. Crim. P."):
1. The defendant understands its rights:
AND WAIVE CERTAIN RIGHTS
2. The defendant knowingly and voluntarily waives the rights set out in paragraph 1(b)-(f) above. Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 7(b), the defendant will waive Indictment and plead guilty to a one-count Information to be filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana, Indianapolis Division. The Information will charge the defendant with participating in a conspiracy to suppress and eliminate competition by fixing the price at which ready mixed concrete was sold in the Indianapolis, Indiana metropolitan area beginning in or about July, 2000 and continuing until May 25, 2004 in violation of the Sherman Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1.
3. The defendant, pursuant to the terms of this Plea Agreement, will plead guilty to the criminal charge described in paragraph 2 above and will make a factual admission of guilt to the Court in accordance with Fed. R. Crim. P. 11, as set forth in paragraph 4 below.
4. Had this case gone to trial, the United States would have presented evidence sufficient to prove the following facts:
5. The defendant understands that the statutory maximum penalty which may be imposed against it upon conviction for a violation of Section One of the Sherman Act completed prior to June 22, 2004 is a fine in an amount equal to the greatest of:
6. In addition, the defendant understands that:
7. The defendant understands that the Sentencing Guidelines are advisory, not mandatory, but that the Court must consider the Guidelines in effect on May 25, 2004, along with the other factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), in determining and imposing sentence. The defendant understands and agrees that the Guidelines determinations will be made by the Court by a preponderance of the evidence standard. The defendant further understands and agrees that although the Court is not ultimately bound to impose a sentence within the applicable advisory Guidelines range, its sentence must be reasonable based upon consideration of all relevant sentencing factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a). Pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 1B1.8, the United States agrees that self-incriminating information that the defendant provides to the United States pursuant to this Plea Agreement will not be used to increase the volume of affected commerce attributable to the defendant or to determine the defendant's applicable Guidelines range, except to the extent provided in U.S.S.G. § 1B1.8(b).
8. Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(1)(B), the United States will recommend that the defendant be sentenced to pay to the United States a criminal fine, to be determined by the Court, based on the Court's determination of the defendant's ability to pay a fine. The amount of the fine to be paid by the defendant, if any, as determined by the Court, will be the Recommended Sentence. Prior to sentencing, the United States will recommend that the defendant be sentenced to pay a specific fine amount, based on the United States' assessment of the defendant's ability to pay. The defendant will recommend to the Court that it not be sentenced to pay any fine, pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 8C3.3(b), due to the inability of the defendant to pay a fine without substantially jeopardizing its continued viability. Once the Court has determined the fine amount, both parties are free to argue as to the appropriate payment schedule. In light of civil cases filed, which potentially provide for a recovery of a multiple of actual damages, the United States agrees that it will not seek a restitution order for the offense charged in the Information. The defendant understands that the Court will order it to pay a $400 special assessment pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3013(a)(2)(B) in addition to any fine imposed.
9. The United States and the defendant agree that the applicable Guidelines fine range exceeds the Recommended Sentence to be determined by the Court as set out in Paragraph 8 above. The United States and the defendant further agree that the Recommended Sentence is appropriate, pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 8C3.3(b), due to the inability of the defendant to pay a fine within the Guidelines range without substantially jeopardizing its continued viability.
10. The United States and the defendant agree that there exists no aggravating or mitigating circumstance of a kind, or to a degree, not adequately taken into consideration by the United States Sentencing Commission in formulating the Sentencing Guidelines that should result in a departure pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 5K2.0. The United States and the defendant also agree not to seek or support any sentence outside of the advisory Guidelines range nor any Guidelines adjustment for any reason that is not set forth in this Plea Agreement. The United States and the defendant further agree that the Recommended Sentence set forth in this Plea Agreement is reasonable.
11. Subject to the ongoing, full, and truthful cooperation of the defendant described in paragraph 13 of this Plea Agreement, and before sentencing in the case, the United States will fully advise the Court and the United States Probation Office of the fact, manner, and extent of the defendant's cooperation and its commitment to prospective cooperation with the United States' investigation and prosecutions, all material facts relating to the defendant's involvement in the charged offense, and all other relevant conduct. To enable the Court to have the benefit of all relevant sentencing information, the United States may request that sentencing be postponed until its cooperation is complete.
12. The United States and the defendant understand that the Court retains complete discretion to accept or reject either party's recommendation provided for in paragraph 8 of this Plea Agreement. The defendant understands that, as provided in Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(3)(B), if the Court does not impose a sentence consistent with either party's recommendation contained in this Agreement, it nevertheless has no right to withdraw its plea of guilty.
13. The defendant will cooperate fully and truthfully with the United States in the prosecution of this case, the conduct of the current federal investigation of violations of federal antitrust and related criminal laws involving the manufacture and sale of ready mixed concrete, any other federal investigation resulting therefrom, and any litigation or other proceedings arising or resulting from any such investigation to which the United States is a party ("Federal Proceeding"). The ongoing, full, and truthful cooperation of the defendant shall include, but not be limited to:
14. The ongoing, full, and truthful cooperation of each person described in paragraph 13(b) above will be subject to the procedures and protections of this paragraph, and shall include, but not be limited to:
15. Upon the Court's acceptance of the guilty plea called for by this Plea Agreement and the imposition of the Recommended Sentence, and subject to the cooperation requirements of paragraph 13 of this Plea Agreement, the United States agrees that it will not bring further criminal charges against the defendant for any act or offense committed on or before the date of this Plea Agreement that was undertaken in furtherance of an antitrust conspiracy involving the manufacture and sale of ready mixed concrete in the Indianapolis, Indiana metropolitan area. The non-prosecution terms of this paragraph do not apply to civil matters of any kind, to any violation of the federal tax or securities laws, or to any crime of violence.
16. The United States agrees to the following:
17. The defendant understands that it may be subject to administrative action by federal or state agencies other than the United States Department of Justice, Antitrust Division, based upon the conviction resulting from this Plea Agreement, and that this Plea Agreement in no way controls whatever action, if any, other agencies may take. However, the United States agrees that, if requested, it will advise the appropriate officials of any governmental agency considering such administrative action of the fact, manner, and extent of the cooperation of the defendant as a matter for that agency to consider before determining what administrative action, if any, to take.
18. The defendant has reviewed all legal and factual aspects of this case with its attorney and is fully satisfied with its attorney's legal representation. The defendant has thoroughly reviewed this Plea Agreement with its attorney and has received satisfactory explanations from its attorney concerning each paragraph of this Plea Agreement and alternatives available to the defendant other than entering into this Plea Agreement. After conferring with its attorney and considering all available alternatives, the defendant has made a knowing and voluntary decision to enter into this Plea Agreement.
19. The defendant's decision to enter into this Plea Agreement and to tender a plea of guilty is freely and voluntarily made and is not the result of force, threats, assurances, promises, or representations other than the representations contained in this Plea Agreement. The United States has made no promises or representations to the defendant as to whether the Court will accept or reject the recommendations contained within this Plea Agreement.
20. The defendant agrees that, should the United States determine in good faith, during the period that any Federal Proceeding is pending, that the defendant has failed to provide full and truthful cooperation, as described in paragraph 13 of this Plea Agreement, or has otherwise violated any provision of this Plea Agreement, the United States will notify counsel for the defendant in writing by personal or overnight delivery or facsimile transmission and may also notify its counsel by telephone of its intention to void its obligations under this Plea Agreement (except its obligations under this paragraph), and, thereafter, the defendant shall be subject to prosecution for any federal crime of which the United States has knowledge including, but not limited to, the substantive offenses relating to the investigation resulting in this Plea Agreement. The defendant agrees that, in the event that the United States is released from its obligations under this Plea Agreement and brings criminal charges against the defendant for any offense referred to in Paragraph 15 of this Plea Agreement, the statute of limitations for such offense will be tolled for the period between the date of the signing of the Plea Agreement and six (6) months after the date the United States gave notice of its intent to void its obligations under this Plea Agreement or the date that the court rules that this Plea Agreement is null and void, whichever is later.
21. The defendant understands and agrees that in any further prosecution of it resulting from the release of the United States from its obligations under this Plea Agreement based on the defendant's violation of the Plea Agreement, any documents, statements, information, testimony, or evidence provided by it to attorneys or agents of the United States, federal grand juries, or courts, and any leads derived therefrom, may be used against it in any such further prosecution. In addition, the defendant unconditionally waives its right to challenge the use of such evidence in any such further prosecution, notwithstanding the protections of Fed. R. Evid. 410.
22. This Plea Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the United States and the defendant concerning the disposition of the criminal charge in this case. This Plea Agreement cannot be modified except in writing, signed by the United States and the defendant.
23. The undersigned is authorized to enter this Plea Agreement on behalf of the defendant as evidenced by the Resolution of the Board of Directors of the defendant attached hereto and incorporated by reference in this Plea Agreement. See Attachment A.
24. The undersigned attorneys for the United States have been authorized by the Attorney General of the United States to enter this Plea Agreement on behalf of the United States.
DATED: April 10, 2006
On April 10th , 2006, after discussion, the Board of Directors of Hughey, Inc. d/b/a Carmel Concrete Products, composed of ____________________________________ unanimously approved the following resolutions: