UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
The United States and John F. Casewell have entered into a plea agreement, pursuant to which Mr. Casewell will waive indictment, submit to jurisdiction, and plead guilty to the captioned Information. The one-count Information charges Mr. Casewell with a violation of the Sherman Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1. The purpose of this memorandum is to provide the Court with sufficient information to accept the plea by setting forth the violated statute, a description of the criminal Information, the terms of the Plea Agreement, and a preliminary statement of facts which supports the agreement.
A. 15 U.S.C. Section 1
Section One of Title 15, United States Code, provides:
B. The Information
The Information charges Mr. Casewell with participating in a conspiracy to suppress and eliminate competition by fixing the price of carbon cathode block sold in the United States and elsewhere in unreasonable restraint of trade and commerce from at least as early as February 1996 and continuing until at least December 1997.
C. Elements of the Offense
The elements of a Sherman Act offense, each of which the United States must prove beyond a reasonable doubt at trial, are:
D. Maximum Penalty
The maximum penalty Mr. Casewell may receive upon his conviction in this case is a period of imprisonment of three years and a fine in an amount equal to the largest of : (a) $350,000; (b) twice the gross pecuniary gain derived from the crime; or (c) twice the gross pecuniary loss caused to the victims of the crime.
This statement of facts is intended to be used as a factual basis for the guilty plea of Mr. Casewell. It is not intended to be exhaustive in terms of details surrounding the charged conspiracy. Had this case gone to trial, the United States would have presented evidence to prove the following facts.
As alleged in the Information, defendant entered into a conspiracy beginning at least as early as February 1996 and continuing until at least December 1997, hereinafter the "relevant period." During the relevant period, the defendant was Sales Director of Hepworth Refractories, Ltd., an entity organized and existing under the laws of the United Kingdom, with its principal place of business in Sheffield, England. During the relevant period, Hepworth Refractories, Ltd., was a producer of carbon cathode block and was engaged in the sale of carbon cathode block in the United States and elsewhere. Hepworth Refractories, Ltd., sold carbon cathode block in the United States through its wholly-owned U.S. subsidiary, Hepworth Refractories, Inc. Carbon cathode block is a carbon product with great strength and resistence to heat and chemical reaction. Because of its superior conductivity properties, it is commonly used in aluminum smelters or pots in the production of primary aluminum in the United States and elsewhere.
B. The Conspiracy
As alleged in the Information, beginning at least as early as February 1996 and continuing through at least December 1997, defendant and co-conspirators entered into and participated in a combination and conspiracy to suppress and eliminate competition by fixing the price of carbon cathode block sold in the United States and elsewhere. The combination and conspiracy engaged in by the defendant and co-conspirators was in unreasonable restraint of trade and commerce in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. § 1). The conspiracy consisted of a continuing agreement, understanding, and concert of action among the conspirators, the substantial terms of which were to agree to fix and maintain prices and to coordinate pricing for the sale of carbon cathode block sold in the United States and elsewhere.
For the purpose of forming and carrying out the charged combination and conspiracy, the defendant and co-conspirators did what they combined and conspired to do, including:
C. Interstate and Foreign Commerce
During the relevant period, carbon cathode block sold by one or more of the conspirator firms, and equipment and supplies necessary to the production and distribution of carbon cathode block, as well as payments for carbon cathode block, traveled in interstate and foreign commerce.
At all times during the conspiracy, the co-conspirators sold a substantial quantity of carbon cathode block to customers located in states or countries other than the states or countries in which the carbon cathode block was produced. Hepworth's sales alone of carbon cathode block in the United States during the term of the conspiracy charged were $2,767,000. The business activities of Hepworth and co-conspirators, in connection with the production and sale of carbon cathode block affected by this conspiracy, were within the flow of and substantially affected, interstate and foreign trade and commerce.
D. Jurisdiction and Venue
During the relevant period, sales and other acts in furtherance of this conspiracy were carried out within the District of New Jersey.
The guilty plea in this case will be entered pursuant to the Plea Agreement between Mr. Casewell and the Antitrust Division. The Plea Agreement provides that Mr. Casewell will enter a plea of guilty in the District of New Jersey pursuant to Rule 11(e)(1)(C) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, to a one-count criminal Information charging him with participating in a conspiracy to restrict competition by fixing the price of carbon cathode block sold in the United States and elsewhere from at least as early as February 1996 and continuing until at least December 1997, in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1.
Also pursuant to the Plea Agreement, the United States and Mr. Casewell agree to jointly recommend that the Court impose a sentence requiring Mr. Casewell to pay a fine to the United States in the amount of $28,000 as the appropriate disposition of the case. The United States and the defendant also agree to recommend, in the interest of justice, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3572(d)(1), that the fine be paid in the following installments: within ninety (90) days of imposition of sentence--$7,000 (plus any accrued interest); at one hundred and eighty (180) days after the imposition of sentence--$7,000 (plus any accrued interest); at two hundred and seventy (270) days after imposition of sentence--$7,000 (plus any accrued interest); and at the one-year anniversary of the imposition of sentence--$7,000 (plus any accrued interest); provided, however, that the defendant shall have the option at any time before the one-year anniversary of prepaying the remaining balance (plus any accrued interest) then owing on the fine.
The defendant understands that the Court will order him to pay a $100 special assessment pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3013(a)(2)(A) and U.S.S.G. § 5E1.3 in addition to any fine imposed.
The United States and Mr. Casewell agree (a) that the recommended fine of $28,000 is a Guidelines fine and requires no departure, and (b) that the applicable United States Sentencing Guidelines recommends a range of incarceration, but the plea agreement calls for no incarceration (Paragraph 8 of the Plea Agreement). The United States and Mr. Casewell further agree that subject to his full and continuing cooperation, as described in Paragraph 12 of the Plea Agreement, and prior to sentencing in this case, the United States will move, pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 5K1.1, for a downward departure from the Guidelines sentence in this case and will request that the Court impose the recommended sentence set out in Paragraph 8 of the Plea Agreement, with no incarceration, because of the defendant's substantial assistance in the Government's investigation and prosecutions of violations of federal criminal law in the carbon cathode block and other industries.
If the Court rejects the recommended sentence set forth in the Plea Agreement, the United States and Mr. Casewell further agree that Mr. Casewell may withdraw his plea and the Plea Agreement shall be rendered void.
Mr. Casewell has agreed to cooperate fully with the United States in the conduct of the present investigation of cathode block products used in the production of primary aluminum and other products, including those set forth in Appendix A to the Plea Agreement(1), and any litigation or other proceedings to which the United States is a party resulting therefrom. Such cooperation includes, but is not limited to, the production of relevant documents under the control of Mr. Casewell and making himself available for interviews and testimony when called upon to do so by the United States, including testifying truthfully in trial and grand jury proceedings.
Also pursuant to the Plea Agreement, the United States agrees, subject to the continuing full cooperation of Mr. Casewell not to bring further criminal proceedings against him for any act or offense committed prior to the date of the Plea Agreement undertaken in connection with any antitrust conspiracy involving the sale or manufacture of any cathode block products used in the production of primary aluminum and such other products as set forth in Appendix A of the Plea Agreement. Finally, the United States has agreed to immigration and other relief for Mr. Casewell so that he may travel to and from the United States despite his felony conviction, subject to his continuing and full cooperation (Paragraphs 14 and 15(a)-(f) of the Plea Agreement).
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
This is to certify that on the 27th day of September 2002, a copy of the Government's Rule 11 Memorandum has ben faxed/mailed to counsel of record for the defendant as follow:
1. In order to prevent the premature disclosure to the public of these investigations, the Government will seek to file a redacted Appendix A, subject to the Court's approval.