NIALL E. LYNCH (CSBN 157959)
NATHANAEL M. COUSINS (CSBN 177944)
MAY LEE HEYE (CSBN 209366)
BRIGID S. MARTIN (CSBN 231705)
CHARLES P. REICHMANN (CSBN 206699)
U.S. Department of Justice
450 Golden Gate Avenue
Room 10-0101, Box 36046
San Francisco, CA 94102
Telephone: (415) 436-6660
Attorneys for the United States
|Filed: February 14, 2007
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA
SAN FRANCISCO DIVISION
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
YOUNG HWAN PARK,
Case No. CR 06-819 PJH
The United States of America and Young Hwan ("Y.H.") Park ("Defendant") hereby
enter into the following Plea Agreement pursuant to Rule 11(c)(1)(C) of the Federal Rules of
Criminal Procedure ("Fed. R. Crim. P."):
RIGHTS OF DEFENDANT
1. Defendant understands that he has the right:
AGREEMENT TO PLEAD GUILTY
- to be represented by an attorney;
- to be charged by Indictment;
- to plead not guilty to any criminal charge brought against him;
- as a citizen and resident of the Republic of Korea ("Korea"), to decline to
accept service of the Summons in this case, and to contest the jurisdiction of the United
States to prosecute this case against him in the United States District Court for the
Northern District of California;
- to have a trial by jury, at which he would be presumed not
guilty of the charge and the United States would have to prove every essential element of
the charged offense beyond a reasonable doubt for him to be found guilty;
- to confront and cross-examine witnesses against him and to subpoena
witnesses in his defense at trial;
- not to be compelled to incriminate himself;
- to appeal his conviction; and
- to appeal the imposition of sentence against him.
AND WAIVE CERTAIN RIGHTS
2. Defendant knowingly and voluntarily waives the rights set out in Paragraph 1(b)-(h) above, including all jurisdictional defenses to the prosecution of this case, and agrees
voluntarily to consent to the jurisdiction of the United States to prosecute this case against him
in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. Defendant also
knowingly and voluntarily waives the right to file any appeal, any collateral attack, or any other
writ or motion, including but not limited to an appeal under 18 U.S.C. § 3742 or a motion under
28 U.S.C. § 2241 or 2255 that challenges the sentence imposed by the Court, if that sentence is
consistent with or below the recommended sentence in Paragraph 8 of this Plea Agreement,
regardless of how the sentence is determined by the Court. This agreement does not affect the
rights or obligations of the United States as set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3742(b)-(c). Nothing in this
paragraph, however, shall act as a bar to the Defendant perfecting any legal remedies he may
otherwise have on appeal or collateral attack respecting claims of ineffective assistance of
counsel. Further, pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 7(b), Defendant will waive Indictment and plead
guilty at arraignment to a one-count Information to be filed in the United States District Court
for the Northern District of California. The Information will charge that beginning on or about
April 1, 1999, and continuing until on or about June 15, 2002, Samsung Electronics, Co. Ltd.
("Samsung") and co-conspirators participated in a conspiracy in the United States and elsewhere
to suppress and eliminate competition by fixing the price of dynamic random access memory
("DRAM") to be sold to certain original equipment manufacturers of personal computers and
servers ("OEMs"), in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1. The Information
will further charge that Defendant, an employee of Samsung, joined and participated in the
charged conspiracy from on or about April 1, 2001, until on or about June 15, 2002.
3. Defendant, pursuant to the terms of this Plea Agreement, will plead guilty to the
criminal charge described in Paragraph 2 above and will make a factual admission of guilt to the
Court in accordance with Fed. R. Crim. P. 11, as set forth in Paragraph 4 below.
FACTUAL BASIS FOR OFFENSE CHARGED
4. Had this case gone to trial, the United States would have presented evidence to
prove the following facts:
POSSIBLE MAXIMUM SENTENCE
- For purposes of this Plea Agreement, the "relevant period" is that period
from on or about April 1, 2001, to on or about June 15, 2002. Samsung is an entity organized
and existing under the laws of Korea, with its principal place of business in Seoul, Korea.
During the relevant period, Defendant was employed by Samsung, and his title was Vice
President of Sales. In that position he was involved in DRAM marketing and sales in the United
- DRAM is the most commonly used semiconductor memory product.
DRAM provides high-speed storage and retrieval of electronic information in personal
computers, servers, and other devices.
- In the course of his employment during the relevant period, Defendant
was engaged in the sale and marketing of DRAM in the United States. As Vice President of
Sales, Defendant was responsible for setting the price to large global DRAM customers in the
United States, and directly supervised other employees engaged in the sale of DRAM in the
- During the relevant period, Defendant participated in the conspiracy, as
described below, in the United States and elsewhere among certain DRAM producers and their
officers and employees, the primary purpose of which was to raise and stabilize the price of
DRAM sold to certain OEMs. The conspiracy directly affected these OEMs in the United
States: Dell Inc., Hewlett-Packard Company, Compaq Computer Corporation, International
Business Machines Corporation, Apple Computer Inc., and Gateway, Inc. The Defendant
participated in the conspiracy by engaging in, and permitting his subordinates to engage in,
communications with representatives of other DRAM producers and sellers, during which
information on pricing was exchanged between competitors. That pricing information was used
for the purpose and with the effect of influencing the price of DRAM sold to certain OEMs.
Also during these communications with representatives of other DRAM producers and sellers,
understandings were reached, the ultimate effect of which were to stabilize and raise the price of
DRAM sold to certain OEMs.
- In addition, during the relevant period Defendant was aware of and
encouraged the involvement of other Samsung employees in this conspiracy.
- During the relevant period, DRAM sold by one or more of the
conspirators, equipment and supplies necessary to the production and distribution of DRAM,
and payments for DRAM, traveled in interstate and foreign commerce. The business activities
of Defendant and his co-conspirators in connection with the production and sale of DRAM
affected by this conspiracy were within the flow of, and substantially affected, interstate and
foreign trade and commerce.
- Acts in furtherance of this conspiracy were carried out within the
Northern District of California. Furthermore, DRAM affected by this conspiracy was sold by
one or more of the conspirators to customers in this District.
5. Defendant understands that the statutory maximum penalty which may be
imposed against him upon conviction for a violation of Section One of the Sherman Antitrust
- a term of imprisonment for three (3) years (15 U.S.C. § 1);
- a fine in an amount equal to the greatest of (1) $350,000, (2) twice the
gross pecuniary gain the conspirators derived from the crime, or (3) twice the gross
pecuniary loss caused to the victims of the crime by the conspirators (15 U.S.C. § 1; 18
U.S.C. § 3571(b) and (d)); and
- a term of supervised release of one (1) year following any term of imprisonment.
If Defendant violates any condition of supervised release, Defendant could be
imprisoned for the entire term of supervised release (18 U.S.C. §
3559(a)(5); 18 U.S.C. § 3583(b)(3) and (e)(3); and United States Sentencing
Guideline ("U.S.S.G." or "Guidelines") § 5D1.2(a)(3)).
6. In addition, Defendant understands that:
- pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 5E1.1 and 18 U.S.C. § 3583(d), this Court may
order him to pay restitution to the victims of the offense; and
- pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3013(a)(2)(A) and U.S.S.G. § 5E1.3,
this Court is required to order Defendant to pay a $100.00 special assessment
upon conviction for the charged crime.
7. Defendant understands that the Sentencing Guidelines are advisory, not
mandatory, but that the Court must consider the Guidelines, along with the other factors set
forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a), in determining and imposing sentence. Defendant understands
that the Guidelines determinations will be made by the Court by a preponderance of the
evidence standard. Defendant understands that although the Court is not ultimately bound to
impose a sentence within the applicable Guidelines range, its sentence must be reasonable based
upon consideration of all relevant sentencing factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a). Pursuant
to U.S.S.G. § 1B1.8, the United States agrees that self-incriminating information that Defendant
provides to the United States pursuant to this Plea Agreement will not be used to increase the
volume of affected commerce attributable to Defendant or in determining the Defendant's
applicable Guidelines range, except to the extent provided in U.S.S.G. § 1B1.8(b). Defendant
and the United States agree that the Court should consider the Guidelines in effect at the time of
the offense, June 15, 2002, rather than at the time of sentencing, in accordance with U.S.S.G. §
1B1.11(b). The United States and Defendant agree that the Guidelines may be applied and, if
applied, the applicable sentencing guidelines is U.S.S.G. § 2R1.1 with a base level of 10, a
volume of commerce adjustment of plus 7 pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 2R1.1(b)(2)(G), a role in the
offense adjustment of plus 3 pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 3B1.1, for a sub-total of 20, less a 3-level
adjustment for acceptance of responsibility pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 3E1.1(a) and (b), for a total
offense level of 17. Further, the United States agrees to make a motion for downward departure
pursuant to Paragraph 10 herein and U.S.S.G. § 5K1.1, recommending that Defendant be
sentenced to the recommended sentence agreed to below.
- Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(1)(C), the United States and Defendant
agree that the appropriate disposition of this case is, and agree to recommend jointly that the
Court impose, a sentence requiring that Defendant pay to the United States a criminal fine of
$250,000, payable in full before the fifteenth (15th) day after the date of judgment; a period of
incarceration of ten months; no order of restitution; and no period of supervised release ("the
recommended sentence"). Defendant understands that this Court will order him to pay a $100
special assessment pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3013(a)(2)(A) in addition to any fine imposed. The
parties agree that there exists no aggravating or mitigating circumstance of a kind, or to a
degree, not adequately taken into consideration by the U.S. Sentencing Commission in
formulating the Sentencing Guidelines justifying a departure pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 5K2.0. The
parties agree not to seek or support any sentence outside of the Guidelines range nor any
Guidelines adjustment for any reason that is not set forth in this Plea Agreement. The parties
further agree that the recommended sentence set forth in this Plea Agreement is reasonable.
- The United States will not object to Defendant's request that the Court
make a recommendation to the Bureau of Prisons that the Bureau of Prisons designate that
Defendant be assigned to a Federal Minimum Security Camp (and specifically to the Lompoc
Prison Camp in Lompoc, California) to serve his sentence of imprisonment and that Defendant
be released on his own personal recognizance following the imposition of sentence to allow him
to self-surrender to the designated institution on a specified date.
9. The United States and Defendant agree that, pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 5E1.1(b),
Defendant should not be ordered to pay restitution in light of the civil cases filed against
Samsung, Defendant's employer, including In re DRAM Antitrust Litigation, No. M-02-1486-PJH, MDL No. 1486, consolidated in the United States District Court, Northern District of
California, which potentially provide for a recovery of a multiple of actual damages.
10. The United States and Defendant agree that the applicable Guidelines fine and
incarceration ranges exceed the fine and term of imprisonment contained in the recommended
sentence set out in Paragraph 8 above. Subject to the full and continuing cooperation of
Defendant, as described in Paragraph 13 of this Plea Agreement, and prior to sentencing in this
case, the United States agrees that it will make a motion, pursuant to U.S.S.G. § 5K1.1, for a
downward departure from the Guidelines fine and incarceration ranges in this case. The motion
for downward departure is based on cooperation that has already occurred and any additional
cooperation that may occur prior to sentencing. Furthermore, the United States will request that
this Court impose the fine and term of imprisonment contained in the recommended sentence set
out in Paragraph 8 of this Plea Agreement because of Defendant's substantial assistance in the
government's investigation and prosecutions of violations of federal criminal law in the DRAM
11. The United States and Defendant jointly submit that this Plea Agreement and the
record that will be created by the United States and Defendant at the plea and sentencing hearing
will provide sufficient information concerning Defendant, the offense charged in this case, and
Defendant's role in the offense to enable the meaningful exercise of sentencing authority by this
Court under 18 U.S.C. § 3553. The United States will not object to Defendant's request that
this Court accept Defendant's plea of guilty and impose sentence on an expedited schedule as
early as the date of arraignment, based upon the record provided by Defendant and the United
States, under the provisions of Rule 32(b)(1), Fed. R. Crim. P., U.S.S.G. § 6A1.1, and Criminal
Local Rule 32-1(b). The Court's denial of the request to impose sentence on an expedited
schedule will not void this Plea Agreement. Should the Court deny Defendant's request to
impose sentence on an expedited schedule, the United States agrees that, at the initial
appearance or arraignment, it will recommend the release of Defendant on his personal
recognizance and without bond, under 18 U.S.C. § 3142, without restriction as to travel,
pending the sentencing hearing in this case.
12. The United States and Defendant understand that this Court retains complete
discretion to accept or reject the recommended sentence provided for in Paragraph 8 of this Plea
- If this Court does not accept the recommended sentence, the United States
and Defendant agree that this Plea Agreement, except for Paragraph 12(b) below, shall
be rendered void. Neither party may withdraw from this Plea Agreement, however,
based on the type or location of the correctional facility to which Defendant is assigned
to serve his sentence.
- If this Court does not accept the recommended sentence, Defendant will be
free to withdraw his guilty plea (Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(5) and (d)). If Defendant
withdraws his plea of guilty, this Plea Agreement, the guilty plea, and any statement
made in the course of any proceedings under Fed. R. Crim. P. 11 regarding the guilty
plea or this Plea Agreement or made in the course of plea discussions with an attorney
for the government shall not be admissible against Defendant in any criminal or civil
proceeding, except as otherwise provided in Fed. R. Evid. 410. In addition, should the
Court not accept the Plea Agreement and should Defendant then withdraw his guilty
plea, the United States agrees that it will dismiss the Information, without prejudice to
the United States' right to indict Defendant on the charge contained in the Information
and any other related charges. In addition, Defendant agrees that, if he withdraws his
guilty plea pursuant to this subparagraph of the Plea Agreement, the statute of
limitations period for any Relevant Offense, as defined in Paragraph 14 below, will be
tolled for the period between the date of the signing of the Plea Agreement and the date
Defendant withdrew his guilty plea or for a period of sixty (60) days after the date of the
signing of the Plea Agreement, whichever is greater. For a period of three (3)
consecutive days following such a withdrawal of the guilty plea under this subparagraph,
the United States shall take no action, based upon either a Relevant Offense or any actual
or alleged violation of the Plea Agreement, to revoke Defendant's release on his personal
recognizance, to subject Defendant to service of process, arrest, or detention, or to
prevent Defendant from departing the United States.
13. Defendant will cooperate fully and truthfully with the United States in the
prosecution of this case, the current federal investigation of violations of federal antitrust and
related criminal laws involving the manufacture or sale of DRAM, any other federal
investigation resulting therefrom, and any litigation or other proceedings arising or resulting
from any such investigation to which the United States is a party ("Federal Proceeding"). The
ongoing, full, and truthful cooperation of Defendant shall include, but not be limited to:
- producing in the United States and at other mutually agreed-upon locations
all non-privileged documents, including claimed personal documents, and other
non-privileged materials, wherever located, in the possession, custody, or control
of Defendant, requested by attorneys and agents of the United States;
- making himself available for interviews in the United States and at other
mutually agreed-upon locations, not at the expense of the United States, upon
the request of attorneys and agents of the United States;
- responding fully and truthfully to all inquiries of the United States
in connection with any Federal Proceeding, without falsely implicating any person
or intentionally withholding any non-privileged information, subject to the
penalties of making false statements (18 U.S.C. § 1001) and obstruction
of justice (18 U.S.C. § 1503);
- otherwise voluntarily providing the United States with any non-privileged
material or information, not requested in (a) - (c) of this paragraph, that he may have that
is related to any Federal Proceeding; and
- when called upon to do so by the United States in connection with any
Federal Proceeding, testifying in grand jury, trial, and other judicial proceedings
in the United States, fully, truthfully, and under oath, subject to the penalties
of perjury (18 U.S.C. § 1621), making false statements or declarations
in grand jury or court proceedings (18 U.S.C. § 1623), contempt (18 U.S.C.
§§ 401 - 402), and obstruction of justice (18 U.S.C. § 1503).
14. Subject to the full, truthful, and continuing cooperation of Defendant, as
described in Paragraph 13 of this Plea Agreement, and upon the Court's acceptance of the guilty
plea called for by this Plea Agreement and the imposition of the recommended sentence, the
United States will not bring further criminal charges against Defendant for any act or offense
committed before the date of this Plea Agreement that was undertaken in furtherance of an
antitrust conspiracy involving the manufacture or sale of DRAM or undertaken in connection
with any investigation of such a conspiracy ("Relevant Offense"). The nonprosecution terms of
this paragraph do not apply to civil matters of any kind, to any violation of the federal tax or
securities laws, or to any crime of violence.
15. The United States agrees that when Defendant travels to the United States for
interviews, grand jury appearances, or court appearances pursuant to this Plea Agreement, or for
meetings with counsel in preparation therefor, the United States will take no action, based upon
any Relevant Offense, to subject Defendant to arrest, detention, or service of process, or to
prevent Defendant from departing the United States. This paragraph does not apply to
Defendant's commission of perjury (18 U.S.C. § 1621), making false statements (18 U.S.C. §
1001), making false statements or declarations in grand jury or court proceedings (18 U.S.C. §
1623), obstruction of justice (18 U.S.C. § 1503), or contempt (18 U.S.C. §§ 401 - 402) in
connection with any testimony or information provided or requested in any Federal Proceeding.
- Subject to the full and continuing cooperation of the Defendant, as
described in Paragraph 13 of this Plea Agreement, and upon the Court's acceptance
of the Defendant's guilty plea and imposition of sentence in this case, the
United States agrees not to seek to remove the Defendant from the United States
under Sections 238 and 240 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C.
§§ 1228 and 1229a, based upon the Defendant's guilty plea and conviction
in this case, should the Defendant apply for or obtain admission to the United
States as a nonimmigrant (hereinafter referred to as the "agreement not to seek
to remove the Defendant"). The agreement not to seek to remove the Defendant
is the equivalent of an agreement not to exclude the Defendant from admission
to the United States as a nonimmigrant or to deport the Defendant from the United
States. (Immigration and Nationality Act § 240(e)(2), 8 U.S.C. § 1229a(e)(2)).
- The Antitrust Division of the United States Department of Justice has
consulted with United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE") on behalf
of the United States Department of Homeland Security ("DHS"). ICE, on behalf of DHS
and in consultation with the United States Department of State, has agreed to the
inclusion in this Plea Agreement of this agreement not to seek to remove the Defendant.
The Secretary of DHS has delegated to ICE the authority to enter this agreement on
behalf of DHS.
- So that the Defendant will be able to obtain any nonimmigrant
visa that he may need to travel to the United States, DHS and the Visa Office, United
States Department of State, have concurred in the granting of a nonimmigrant waiver of
the Defendant's inadmissibility. This waiver will remain in effect so long as this
agreement not to seek to remove the Defendant remains in effect. While the waiver
remains in effect, the Department of State will not deny the Defendant's application for a
nonimmigrant visa on the basis of the Defendant's guilty plea and conviction in this
case, and DHS will not deny his application for admission as a nonimmigrant on the
basis of his guilty plea and conviction in this case.
- This agreement not to seek to remove the Defendant will remain
in effect so long as the Defendant:
- acts and has acted consistently with his cooperation
obligations under this Plea Agreement;
- is not convicted of any felony under the laws of the United
States or any state, other than the conviction resulting from the Defendant's
guilty plea under this Plea Agreement or any conviction under the laws of any
state resulting from conduct constituting an offense subject to this Plea
- does not engage in any other conduct that would warrant
his removal from the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act.
The Defendant understands that should the Antitrust Division become aware that the
Defendant has violated any of these conditions, the Antitrust Division will notify DHS.
DHS will then determine, in consultation with the Antitrust Division, whether to rescind
this agreement not to seek to remove the Defendant.
- The Defendant agrees to notify the Assistant Attorney General
of the Antitrust Division should the Defendant be convicted of any other felony under
the laws of the United States or of any state.
- Should the United States rescind this agreement not to seek to remove the
Defendant because of the Defendant's violation of a condition of this Plea Agreement,
the Defendant irrevocably waives his right to contest his removal from the United States
under the Immigration and Nationality Act on the basis of his guilty plea and conviction
in this case, but retains his right to notice of removal proceedings.
17. Defendant understands that he may be subject to administrative action by federal,
state or foreign agencies other than the United States Department of Justice, Antitrust Division,
based upon the conviction resulting from this Plea Agreement, and that this Plea Agreement in
no way controls whatever action, if any, other agencies may take. However, the United States
agrees that, if requested, it will advise the appropriate officials of any governmental agency
considering such administrative action of the fact, manner, and extent of the cooperation of
Defendant as a matter for that agency to consider before determining what administrative action,
if any, to take.
REPRESENTATION BY COUNSEL
18. Defendant has reviewed all legal and factual aspects of this case with his attorney
and is fully satisfied with his attorney's legal representation. Defendant has thoroughly
reviewed this Plea Agreement with his attorney and has received satisfactory explanations from
his attorney concerning each paragraph of this Plea Agreement and alternatives available to
Defendant other than entering into this Plea Agreement. After conferring with his attorney and
considering all available alternatives, Defendant has made a knowing and voluntary decision to
enter into this Plea Agreement.
19. Defendant's decision to enter into this Plea Agreement and to tender a plea of
guilty is freely and voluntarily made and is not the result of force, threats, assurances, promises,
or representations other than the representations contained in this Plea Agreement. The United
States has made no promises or representations to Defendant as to whether this Court will
accept or reject the recommendations contained within this Plea Agreement.
VIOLATION OF PLEA AGREEMENT
20. Defendant agrees that, should the United States determine in good faith, during the
period that any Federal Proceeding is pending, that Defendant has failed to provide full and
truthful cooperation, as described in Paragraph 13 of this Plea Agreement, or has otherwise
violated any provision of this Plea Agreement, the United States will notify Defendant or his
counsel in writing by personal or overnight delivery or facsimile transmission and may also
notify his counsel by telephone of its intention to void any of its obligations under this Plea
Agreement (except its obligations under this paragraph), and Defendant shall be subject to
prosecution for any federal crime of which the United States has knowledge including, but not
limited to, the substantive offenses relating to the investigation resulting in this Plea Agreement.
Defendant may seek Court review of any determination made by the United States under this
Paragraph to void any of its obligations under the Plea Agreement. Defendant agrees that, in the
event that the United States is released from its obligations under this Plea Agreement and
brings criminal charges against Defendant for any Relevant Offense, the statute of limitations
period for such offense will be tolled for the period between the date of the signing of this Plea
Agreement and six (6) months after the date the United States gave notice of its intent to void its
obligations under this Plea Agreement.
21. Defendant understands and agrees that in any further prosecution of him
resulting from the release of the United States from its obligations under this
Plea Agreement based on Defendant's violation of the Plea Agreement, any documents,
statements, information, testimony, or evidence provided by him to attorneys
or agents of the United States, federal grand juries, or courts, and any leads
derived therefrom, may be used against him in any such further prosecution.
In addition, Defendant unconditionally waives his right to challenge the use
of such evidence in any such further prosecution, notwithstanding the protections
of Fed. R. Evid. 410.
22. Defendant agrees to and adopts as his own the factual statement contained in
Paragraph 4 above. In the event that Defendant breaches the Plea Agreement, Defendant agrees
that the Plea Agreement, including the factual statement contained in Paragraph 4 above,
provides a sufficient basis for any possible future extradition request that may be made for his
return to the United States to face charges either in the Information referenced in Paragraph 2 of
this Plea Agreement or in any related indictment. Defendant further agrees not to oppose or
contest any request for extradition by the United States to face charges either in the Information
referenced in Paragraph 2 of this Plea Agreement or in any related indictment.
ENTIRETY OF AGREEMENT
23. This Plea Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the United
States and Defendant concerning the disposition of the criminal charge in this
case. This Plea Agreement cannot be modified except in writing, signed by the
United States and Defendant.
24. The undersigned attorneys for the United States have been authorized by
the Attorney General of the United States to enter this Plea Agreement
on behalf of the United States.
25. A facsimile signature shall be deemed an original signature for the purpose of
executing this Plea Agreement. Multiple signature pages are authorized for the purpose of
executing this Plea Agreement.
DATED: Feb 13, 2007
Young Hwan Park
Counsel for Defendant
John Potter, Esq.
Patrick Doolittle, Esq.
50 California Street
San Francisco, CA 94111
Tel: (415) 875-6600
Fax: (415) 875-6700
Niall E. Lynch (CSBN 157959)
Nathanael M. Cousins (CSBN 177944)
May Lee Heye (CSBN 209366)
Brigid S. Martin (CSBN 231705)
Charles P. Reichmann (CSBN 206699)
U.S. Department of Justice
450 Golden Gate Avenue
Room 10-0101, Box 36046
San Francisco, CA 94102
Tel: (415) 436-6660
Fax: (415) 436-6687