UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
ALCOA INC., ACX TECHNOLOGIES,
INC., and GOLDEN ALUMINUM
Civil Action No.: 99 2943
Filed: Nov 5, 1999
WHEREAS, plaintiff, the United States of America ("United States"), filed its complaint
in this action on November 5, 1999, and plaintiff and defendants, Alcoa Inc. ("Alcoa"), ACX
Technologies, Inc. ("ACX"), and Golden Aluminum Company ("Golden"), by their respective
attorneys, having consented to the entry of this Final Judgment without trial or adjudication of
any issue of fact or law herein, and without this Final Judgment constituting any evidence
against or an admission by any party with respect to any issue of law or fact herein;
AND WHEREAS, defendants have agreed to be bound by the provisions of this Final
Judgment pending its approval by the Court;
AND WHEREAS, the essence of this Final Judgment is the prompt and certain
divestiture of the Fort Lupton Assets of ACX's subsidiary, Golden Aluminum Company
("Golden"), to assure that competition is not substantially lessened;
AND WHEREAS, plaintiff requires defendant Alcoa to divest the Fort Lupton Assets for
the purpose of remedying the loss of competition alleged in the Complaint;
AND WHEREAS, defendants have represented to plaintiff that the divestiture ordered
herein can and will be made and that defendants will later raise no claims of hardship or
difficulty as grounds for asking the Court to modify any of the divestiture or contract provisions
NOW, THEREFORE, before the taking of any testimony, and without trial or
adjudication of any issue of fact or law herein, and upon consent of the parties hereto, it is
hereby ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED as follows:
This Court has jurisdiction over the subject matter of this action
and over each of the parties hereto. The Complaint states a claim upon
which relief may be granted against the defendants, as hereinafter defined,
under Section 7 of the Clayton Act, as amended (15 U.S.C. § 18).
As used in this Final Judgment:
- "Alcoa" means defendant Alcoa, Inc., a Pennsylvania corporation with its headquarters in
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and its successors, assigns, subsidiaries, divisions, groups, affiliates,
partnerships and joint ventures, and directors, officers, managers, agents, and employees.
- "ACX" means ACX Technologies, Inc., a Colorado corporation with its headquarters in
Golden, Colorado, and its successors, assigns, subsidiaries, divisions, groups, affiliates,
partnerships and joint ventures, and directors, officers, managers, agents, and employees.
- "Golden" means Golden Aluminum Company, a wholly owned
subsidiaryof ACX, with two principal aluminum sheet manufacturing
facilities located in Fort Lupton, Colorado, and San Antonio, Texas, and its successors, assigns,
subsidiaries, divisions, groups, affiliates, partnerships and joint ventures, and directors, officers,
managers, agents, and employees.
- "Fort Lupton Assets" means all assets included within Golden's Fort Lupton, Colorado
- all tangible assets, including the Fort Lupton manufacturing facility located at 1405 E.
14th Street, Fort Lupton, Colorado 80621-0207 ("the Fort Lupton Facility") and the
real property on which the Fort Lupton Facility is situated; any facilities used for research and
development activities, including Golden Engineering, AG, a Swiss company, and GAC
Technology, a Colorado corporation, both of which provide engineering support to the Fort
Lupton Facility ("the Engineering Facilities"), and any real property associated with those
facilities; manufacturing assets relating to the Fort Lupton Facility and to the Engineering
Facilities, including capital equipment, vehicles, supplies, personal property, inventory, office
furniture, fixed assets and fixtures, materials, on-site warehouses or storage facilities, and other
tangible property or improvements; all licenses, permits and authorizations issued by any
governmental organization relating to the Fort Lupton Facility and to the Engineering Facilities;
all contracts, agreements, leases, commitments and understandings pertaining to the operations
of the Fort Lupton Facility and of the Engineering Facilities; supply agreements; all customer
lists, accounts, and credit records; and other records maintained by Golden in connection with
the operations of the Fort Lupton Facility and of the Engineering Facilities;
- all intangible assets, including but not limited to all patents, licenses and sublicenses,
intellectual property, trademarks, trade names, service marks, service names, technical
information, know-how, trade secrets, drawings, blueprints, designs, design protocols,
specifications for materials, specifications for parts and devices, safety procedures for the
handling of materials and substances, quality assurance and control procedures, design tools and
simulation capability, and all manuals and technical information Golden provides to its
employees, customers, suppliers, agents or licensees in connection with the operations of the
Fort Lupton Facility and of the Engineering Facilities, except that Alcoa may retain a
non-exclusive, non-transferable, royalty-free license to use all patents, licenses, and sublicenses,
intellectual property, technical information, know-how, trade secrets, specifications for
materials, and quality assurance and control procedures necessary to operate the block caster at
Golden's San Antonio, Texas manufacturing facility ("the San Antonio block caster"), provided,
however, that if Alcoa sells the San Antonio block caster to ACX Technologies, Inc. or an
affiliate of ACX Technologies, Inc., it may provide ACX Technologies, Inc., or the ACX
Technologies, Inc. affiliate with a non-exclusive, non-transferable, royalty-free license for use
solely in connection with the operation of the San Antonio block caster; and
- all research data concerning historic and current research and development efforts
relating to the operations of the Fort Lupton Facility and of the Engineering Facilities, including
designs of experiments, and the results of unsuccessful designs and experiments.
- "Lid stock" means an aluminum sheet product from which the ends, tabs and pull-off
lids of food and beverage cans are made.
- The provisions of this Final Judgment apply to Alcoa and ACX, as defined above,
and all other persons in active concert or participation with any of them who shall have received
actual notice of this Final Judgment by personal service or otherwise.
- Alcoa shall require, as a condition of the sale or other disposition of all or
substantially all of the Fort Lupton Assets, that the acquiring party or parties agree to be bound
by the provisions of this Final Judgment.
DIVESTITURE OF ASSETS
- Alcoa is hereby ordered and directed in accordance with the terms of this Final
Judgment, within sixty (60) calendar days after the filing of the Complaint in this matter, or five
(5) days after notice of entry of this Final Judgment by the Court, whichever is later, to divest
the Fort Lupton Assets as an ongoing business to a purchaser acceptable to the United States in
its sole discretion.
- Alcoa shall use its best efforts to accomplish the divestiture as expeditiously and timely
as possible. The United States, in its sole discretion, may extend the time period for any
divestiture by an additional period of time not to exceed thirty (30) calendar days.
- In accomplishing the divestiture ordered by this Final Judgment, Alcoa promptly
shall make known, by usual and customary means, the availability of the Fort Lupton Assets
described in this Final Judgment. Alcoa shall inform any person making an inquiry regarding a
possible purchase that the sale is being made pursuant to this Final Judgment and provide such
person with a copy of this Final Judgment. Alcoa shall also offer to furnish to all prospective
purchasers, subject to customary confidentiality assurances, all information regarding the Fort
Lupton Assets customarily provided in a due diligence process except such information subject
to attorney-client privilege or attorney work-product privilege. Alcoa shall make available such
information to the plaintiff at the same time that such information is made available to any other
- Alcoa shall provide to any purchaser of the Fort Lupton Assets information
relating to the personnel involved in the manufacture and sale of lid stock in connection with the
Fort Lupton Assets to enable the purchaser to make offers of employment. Alcoa shall not
interfere with any negotiations by any purchaser to employ any Golden employee who works for
the Fort Lupton Facility or for the Engineering Facilities, or whose principal responsibility
involves the manufacture and sale of lid stock associated with the Fort Lupton Assets.
- Alcoa shall permit prospective purchasers of the Fort Lupton Assets to have reasonable
access to personnel and to make inspection of the Fort Lupton Assets; access to any and all
environmental, zoning, and other permit documents and information; and access to any and all
financial, operational, or other documents and information customarily provided as part of a due
- Alcoa shall warrant to the purchaser of the Fort Lupton Assets that all necessary
environmental, zoning and other permits relating to the Fort Lupton Assets are in order in all
material respects. Alcoa will not undertake, directly or indirectly, following the divestiture of
the Fort Lupton Assets, any challenges to the environmental, zoning, or other permits pertaining
to the operation of the Fort Lupton Assets.
- Alcoa shall warrant to the purchaser of the Fort Lupton Assets that the Fort
Lupton Assets will be operational on the date of the sale.
- Alcoa shall not take any action, direct or indirect, that will impede in any way the
operation of the Fort Lupton Assets.
- Unless the United States otherwise consents in writing, the divestiture pursuant to
Section IV, or by trustee appointed pursuant to Section V of this Final Judgment, shall include
all of the Fort Lupton Assets, operated pursuant to the Hold Separate Stipulation and Order, and
be accomplished by selling or otherwise conveying the Fort Lupton Assets to a purchaser in such
a way as to satisfy the United States, in its sole discretion, that the Fort Lupton Assets can and
will be used by the purchaser as part of a viable, ongoing business or businesses engaged in the
manufacture and sale of lid stock. The divestiture, whether pursuant to Section IV or Section V
of this Final Judgment, shall be made to a purchaser with respect to whom it is demonstrated to
the United States' sole satisfaction that:
- the purchaser has the capability and intent of competing effectively in the manufacture
and sale of lid stock;
- the purchaser has the managerial, operational, and financial capability to compete
effectively in the manufacture and sale of lid stock;
- none of the terms of any agreement between the purchaser and Alcoa gives Alcoa the
ability unreasonably to raise the purchaser's costs, to lower the purchaser's efficiency, or
otherwise to interfere in the ability of the purchaser to compete effectively; and (4) the
divestiture will remedy the competitive harm alleged in the Complaint.
APPOINTMENT OF TRUSTEE
- In the event that Alcoa has not divested the Fort Lupton Assets within the time
specified in Section IV of this Final Judgment, the Court shall appoint, on application of the
United States, a trustee selected by the United States to effect the divestiture of the Fort Lupton
- After the appointment of a trustee becomes effective, only the trustee shall have
the right to sell the Fort Lupton Assets. The trustee shall have the power and authority to
accomplish the divestiture at the best price then obtainable upon a reasonable effort by the
trustee, subject to the provisions of Sections IV, V, and VI of this Final Judgment, and shall
have such other powers as the Court shall deem appropriate. Subject to Section V(C) of this
Final Judgment, the trustee shall have the power and authority to hire at the cost and expense of
Alcoa any investment bankers, attorneys, or other agents reasonably necessary in the judgment
of the trustee to assist in the divestiture, and such professionals and agents shall be accountable
solely to the trustee. The trustee shall have the power and authority to accomplish the divestiture
at the earliest possible time to a purchaser acceptable to the United States in its sole discretion.
Alcoa shall not object to a sale by the trustee on any grounds other than the trustee's
malfeasance. Any such objections by Alcoa must be conveyed in writing to plaintiff and the
trustee within ten (10) days after the trustee has provided the notice required under Section VI of
this Final Judgment.
- The trustee shall serve at the cost and expense of Alcoa, on such terms and conditions as
the Court may prescribe, and shall account for all monies derived from the sale of the assets sold
by the trustee and all costs and expenses so incurred. After approval by the Court of the trustee's
accounting, including fees for its services and those of any professionals and agents retained by
the trustee, all remaining money shall be paid to Alcoa and the trust shall then be terminated.
The compensation of such trustee and of professionals and agents retained by the trustee shall be
reasonable in light of the value of the divested business and based on a fee arrangement
providing the trustee with an incentive based on the price and terms of the divestiture and the
speed with which it is accomplished.
- Alcoa shall use its best efforts to assist the trustee in accomplishing the required
divestiture, including its best efforts to effect all necessary regulatory approvals. The trustee and
any consultants, accountants, attorneys, and other persons retained by the trustee shall have full
and complete access to the personnel, books, records, and facilities of the business to be
divested, and Alcoa shall develop financial or other information relevant to the business to be
divested customarily provided in a due diligence process as the trustee may reasonably request,
subject to customary confidentiality assurances. Alcoa shall permit bona fide
prospective acquirers of the Fort Lupton Assets to have reasonable access to personnel and to
make such inspection of physical facilities and any and all financial, operational or other
documents and other information as may be relevant to the divestiture required by this Final
Judgment. Alcoa shall take no action to interfere with or to impede the trustee's accomplishment
of the divestiture.
- After its appointment, the trustee shall file monthly reports with the parties and
the Court setting forth the trustee's efforts to accomplish the divestiture ordered under this Final
Judgment; provided however, that to the extent such reports contain information that the trustee
deems confidential, such reports shall not be filed in the public docket of the Court. Such
reports shall include the name, address and telephone number of each person who, during the
preceding month, made an offer to acquire, expressed an interest in acquiring, entered into
negotiations to acquire, or was contacted or made an inquiry about acquiring, any interest in the
business to be divested, and shall describe in detail each contact with any such person during that
period. The trustee shall maintain full records of all efforts made to divest the business to be
- If the trustee has not accomplished such divestiture within six (6) months after its
appointment, the trustee thereupon shall file promptly with the Court a report setting forth: (1)
the trustee's efforts to accomplish the required divestiture; (2) the reasons, in the trustee's
judgment, why the required divestiture has not been accomplished; and (3) the trustee's
recommendations; provided, however, that to the extent such report contains information that the
trustee deems confidential, such report shall not be filed in the public docket of the Court. The
trustee shall at the same time furnish such report to the plaintiff and to defendant Alcoa, who
shall each have the right to be heard and to make additional recommendations consistent with the
purpose of the trust. The Court shall enter thereafter such orders as it shall deem appropriate in
order to carry out the purpose of the Final Judgment, which may, if necessary, include extending
the trust and the term of the trustee's appointment by a period requested by the United States.
Within two (2) business days following execution of a definitive agreement, contingent
upon compliance with the terms of this Final Judgment, to effect, in whole or in part, any
proposed divestiture pursuant to Sections IV and V of this Final Judgment, Alcoa or the trustee,
whichever is then responsible for effecting the divestiture, shall notify plaintiff of the proposed
divestiture. If the trustee is responsible, it shall similarly notify Alcoa. The notice shall set forth
the details of the proposed transaction and list the name, address, and telephone number of each
person not previously identified who offered to, or expressed an interest in or a desire to, acquire
any ownership interest in the business to be divested that is the subject of the binding contract,
together with full details of same.
Within fifteen (15) calendar days of receipt by plaintiff of such notice, the United States, in its
sole discretion, may request from Alcoa, the trustee, the proposed purchaser, or any other third
party additional information concerning the proposed divestiture, the proposed purchaser, and
any other potential purchaser. Alcoa and the trustee shall furnish any additional information
requested from them within fifteen (15) calendar days of the receipt of the request, unless the
parties shall otherwise agree. Within thirty (30) calendar days after receipt of the notice or
within twenty (20) calendar days after the plaintiff has been provided the additional information
requested from Alcoa, the trustee, the proposed purchaser, or any third party, whichever is later,
the United States shall provide written notice to Alcoa and the trustee, if there is one, stating
whether or not it objects to the proposed divestiture. If the United States provides written notice
to Alcoa and the trustee that it does not object, then the divestiture may be consummated, subject
only to Alcoa's limited right to object to the sale under Section V(B) of this Final Judgment.
Absent written notice that the United States does not object to the proposed purchaser or upon
objection by the United States, a divestiture proposed under Section IV or Section V shall not be
consummated. Upon objection by Alcoa under the provision in Section V(B), a divestiture
proposed under Section V shall not be consummated unless approved by the Court.
- Within twenty (20) calendar days of the filing of the Complaint in this matter and every
thirty (30) calendar days thereafter until the divestiture has been completed whether pursuant to
Section IV or Section V of this Final Judgment, Alcoa shall deliver to plaintiff an affidavit as to
the fact and manner of compliance with Section IV or Section V of this Final Judgment. Each
such affidavit shall include, inter alia, the name, address, and telephone number of
each person who, at any time after the period covered by the last such report, made an offer to
acquire, expressed an interest in acquiring, entered into negotiations to acquire, or was contacted
or made an inquiry about acquiring, any interest in the business to be divested, and shall describe
in detail each contact with any such person during that period. Each such affidavit shall also
include a description of the efforts that Alcoa has taken to solicit a buyer for the Fort Lupton
Assets and to provide required information to prospective purchasers.
- Within twenty (20) calendar days of the filing of the Complaint in this matter, Alcoa
shall deliver to plaintiff an affidavit which describes in detail all actions Alcoa has taken and all
steps Alcoa has implemented on an on-going basis to preserve the Fort Lupton Assets pursuant
to Section VIII of this Final Judgment and the Hold Separate Stipulation and Order entered by
the Court. The affidavit also shall describe, but not be limited to, Alcoa's efforts to maintain and
operate the Fort Lupton Assets as an active competitor, maintain the management, staffing,
research and development activities, sales, marketing, and pricing of the Fort Lupton Assets, and
maintain the Fort Lupton Assets in operable condition at current capacity configurations. Alcoa
shall deliver to plaintiff an affidavit describing any changes to the efforts and actions outlined in
Alcoa's earlier affidavit(s) filed pursuant to Section VII(B) within fifteen (15) calendar days
after the change is implemented.
- Until one year after such divestiture has been completed, Alcoa shall preserve all
records of all efforts made to preserve the business to be divested and effect the divestiture.
HOLD SEPARATE ORDER
Until the divestitures required by the Final Judgment
have been accomplished, Alcoa shall take all steps necessary to comply
with the Hold Separate Stipulation and Order entered by this Court and
to preserve the Fort Lupton Assets. Defendants shall take no action
that would jeopardize the divestiture of the Fort Lupton Assets.
Alcoa is ordered and directed not to finance all or any part of any
purchase by an acquirer made pursuant to Sections IV or V of this Final
For the purposes of determining or securing compliance with this Final Judgment, or of
determining whether the Final Judgment should be modified or vacated, and subject to any
legally recognized privilege, from time to time:
- Duly authorized representatives of the United States Department of Justice, upon
written request of the Attorney General or the Assistant Attorney General in charge of the
Antitrust Division, and on reasonable notice to defendants made to their principal offices, shall
- Access during office hours of defendants to inspect and copy all books, ledgers,
accounts, correspondence, memoranda, and other records and documents in the possession or
under the control of defendants, who may have counsel present, relating to any matters contained
in this Final Judgment and the Hold Separate Stipulation and Order; and
- Subject to the reasonable convenience of defendants and without restraint or interference
from them, to interview, either informally or on the record, their officers, employees, and agents,
who may have counsel present, regarding any such matters.
- Upon the written request of the Attorney General or of the Assistant Attorney
General in charge of the Antitrust Division, made to defendants at their principal offices,
defendants shall submit such written reports, under oath if requested, with respect to any of the
matters contained in this Final Judgment and the Hold Separate Stipulation and Order.
- No information nor any documents obtained by the means provided in Sections
VII or X of this Final Judgment shall be divulged by a representative of the United States to any
person other than a duly authorized representative of the Executive Branch of the United States,
except in the course of legal proceedings to which the United States is a party (including grand
jury proceedings), or for the purpose of securing compliance with this Final Judgment, or as
otherwise required by law.
- If at the time information or documents are furnished by defendants to plaintiff,
defendants represent and identify in writing the material in any such information or documents
for which a claim of protection may be asserted under Rule 26(c)(7) of the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure, and defendants mark each pertinent page of such material, "Subject to claim of
protection under Rule 26(c)(7) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure," then plaintiff shall give
ten (10) days notice to defendants prior to divulging such material in any legal proceeding (other
than a grand jury proceeding) to which defendants are not a party.
RETENTION OF JURISDICTION
Jurisdiction is retained by this Court for the purpose of enabling
any of the parties to this Final Judgment to apply to this Court at
any time for such further orders and directions as may be necessary
or appropriate for the construction or carrying out of this Final Judgment,
for the modification of any of the provisions hereof, for the enforcement
of compliance herewith, and for the punishment of any violations hereof.
Unless this Court grants an extension, this Final Judgment will expire
on the tenth anniversary of the date of its entry.
Entry of this Final Judgment is in the public interest.
| Court approval subject
to procedures of Antitrust
Procedures and Penalties Act,
United States District Judge