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Fee-for-Service Brokerage Arrangements

Some states require consumers to purchase certain brokerage services whether they want them or not.

Choice of brokerage services in your state: Click a state on the map or select a state from the list to learn about state laws or regulations affecting competition in real estate.

US Map Alabama limits choice Alaska allows choice Arizona allows choice Arkansas allows choice California allows choice Colorado allows choice Connecticut allows choice Connecticut allows choice Delaware allows choice Delaware allows choice District of Columbia limits choice District of Columbia limits choice Florida allows choice Georgia allows choice Hawaii allows choice Idaho limits choice Illinois limits choice Indiana limits choice Iowa limits choice Kansas limits choice Kentucky allows choice Louisiana allows choice Maine allows choice Maryland allows choice Maryland allows choice Massachusetts allows choice Massachusetts allows choice Michigan allows choice Minnesota allows choice Mississippi allows choice Missouri limits choice Montana allows choice Nebraska allows choice Nevada allows choice New Hampshire allows choice New Hampshire allows choice New Jersey allows choice New Mexico allows choice New York allows choice North Carolina allows choice North Dakota allows choice Ohio allows choice Oklahoma allows choice Oregon limits choice Pennsylvania allows choice Rhode Island allows choice Rhode Island allows choice South Carolina allows choice South Dakota allows choice Tennessee allows choice Texas limits choice Utah limits choice Vermont allows choice Vermont allows choice Virginia allows choice Washington limits choice West Virginia limits choice Wisconsin allows choice Wyoming allows choice
Select a state:

Asterisks indicate states that limit choice.
For a complete listing, see Guide to State Real Estate Laws and Regulations.

An additional eight states have minimum service requirements but allow consumers to waive those extra services, preserving choice. Those states are Delaware, Florida, Nevada, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

Department of Justice Efforts Regarding Minimum Service Laws

The Antitrust Division informs government decision makers about the competitive effects of laws or regulations that restrict licensed brokers from offering consumers the option to select specific brokerage services. This page provides details on the Antitrust Division’s efforts in selected states:

Alabama

May 12, 2005

Press release: The Justice Department and the Federal Trade Commission Urge the Alabama State Senate to Continue to Allow Consumer Choice in Real Estate Brokerage Services

May 12, 2005

Comments to the Alabama State House on House Bill 156—Proposed Amendments to Section 34-27-84, Code of Alabama

Michigan

October 20, 2005

Press release: The Justice Department and The Federal Trade Commission Encourage Michigan Senate Committee to Continue to Allow Consumer Choice in Real Estate Brokerage Services

October 18, 2005

Comments to the Michigan Senate on Michigan House Bill 4849

Missouri

May 24, 2005

Press release: The Justice Department and the Federal Trade Commission Urge the Governor of Missouri to Continue to Allow Consumer Choice in Real Estate Brokerage Services

May 23, 2005

Comments to Governor Blunt on Missouri House Bill 174

New Mexico

November 2, 2005

Press release: Justice Department Encourages the New Mexico Real Estate Commission to Maintain Consumer Choice in Real Estate Brokerage Services

November 2, 2005

Comments to the New Mexico Real Estate Commission on Proposed “Minimum Service” and “Advertising” Rules

Ohio

October 19, 2005

Comments to the Ohio Association of Realtors Task Force on Minimum Services for Listings Report & Recommendations

Oklahoma

September 21, 2005

Comments to the Oklahoma Real Estate Commission on the Website Notice Regarding SB 673

May 25, 2005

Press release: Justice Department Statement on Oklahoma Legislature’s Proposed Real Estate Legislation

April 8, 2005

Press release: Justice Department Urges Oklahoma State Legislature to Continue to Allow Choice in Real Estate Services

April 8, 2005

Comments to the Oklahoma Senate and House of Representatives on Oklahoma Senate Bill 673

Texas

April 21, 2005

Press release: Department of Justice and Federal Trade Commission Urge Texas Real Estate Commission to Continue to Allow Flexibility in Brokerage Services

April 20, 2005

Comments to the Texas Real Estate Commission on Proposed Amendments to 22 Tex. Admin. Code § 535.2

Virginia

January 27, 2006

Comments to the Virginia Association of Realtors on House Bill 316—Virginia Agency Services Legislation

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