Explanation of Losses Subject to Restitution
The Mandatory Restitution Act of 1996 provides that you may be entitled
to an order of restitution for certain losses suffered as a direct or
proximate result of the commission of the offense for which the defendant
was convicted. The types of losses for which the statute provides restitution
are explained below. You have the right to explain these losses in detail
in the attached affidavit form.
In the case of an offense resulting in damage to or loss or destruction
of property of a victim of the offense, the court may order: the return
of the property to the owner or someone designated by the owner; or
if return of the property is impossible, impractical or inadequate,
the court may order payment in an amount equal to the greater of--the
value of the property on the date of the damage, loss, or destruction,
or the value of the property on the date of sentencing, less the value
(as of the date the property is returned) of any part of the property
that is returned.
In the case of an offense resulting in bodily injury to a victim, the
court may order: payment of an amount equal to the cost of necessary
medical and related professional services and devices relating to physical,
psychiatric, and psychological care, including nonmedical care and treatment
rendered in accordance with a method of healing recognized by the law
of the place of treatment; payment of an amount equal to the cost of
necessary physical and occupational therapy and rehabilitation; and
reimbursement to the victim for income lost by such victim as a result
of such offense.
In the case of an offense resulting in bodily injury that also results
in the death of a victim, the court may order payment of an amount equal
to the cost of necessary funeral and related services. In any case,
the court may order reimbursement to the victim for lost income and
necessary child care, transportation, and other expenses related to
participation in the investigation or prosecution of the offense or
attendance at proceedings related to the offense.
In any case, if the victim (or if the victim is deceased, the victim's
estate) consents, the court may order the defendant to make restitution
in services in lieu of money, or to make restitution to a person or
organization designated by the victim or the estate.
In addition, the victim may at any time assign the victim's interest
in restitution payments to the Crime Victims Fund in the treasury without
in any way impairing the obligation of the defendant to make such payments.
(18 U.S.C. Â§ 3664)
If the victim has received compensation from insurance or any other
source with respect to a loss, the court shall order that restitution
be paid to the person who provided or is obligated to provide the compensation,
but the restitution order shall provide that all restitution of victims
required by the order be paid to the victims before any restitution
is paid to such a provider of compensation. (18 U.S.C. Â§ 3664)
Updated October 20, 2014