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29 USC 1501

TITLE 29--LABOR

CHAPTER 19--JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP

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Sec. 1501. Statement of purpose

It is the purpose of this chapter to establish programs to prepare
youth and adults facing serious barriers to employment for participation
in the labor force by providing job training and other services that
will result in increased employment and earnings, increased educational
and occupational skills, and decreased welfare dependency, thereby
improving the quality of the work force and enhancing the productivity
and competitiveness of the Nation.

(Pub. L. 97-300, Sec. 2, Oct. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1324; Pub. L. 102-367,
title I, Sec. 101(b), Sept. 7, 1992, 106 Stat. 1022.)

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original ``this Act'',
meaning Pub. L. 97-300, Oct. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1322, as amended, known
as the Job Training Partnership Act, which is classified generally to
this chapter (Sec. 1501 et seq.). For complete classification of this
Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out below and Tables.


Amendments

1992--Pub. L. 102-367 amended section generally. Prior to amendment,
section read as follows: ``It is the purpose of this chapter to
establish programs to prepare youth and unskilled adults for entry into
the labor force and to afford job training to those economically
disadvantaged individuals and other individuals facing serious barriers
to employment, who are in special need of such training to obtain
productive employment.''


Effective Date of 1992 Amendment; Transition Provisions

Section 701 of Pub. L. 102-367 provided that:
``(a) In General.--Except as otherwise provided in this section,
this Act [See Short Title of 1992 Amendment note below] and the
amendments made by this Act shall take effect on July 1, 1993.
``(b) Performance Standards.--The Secretary of Labor shall issue
revised performance standards under the amendments made by section 115
[amending sections 1516, 1661, and 1662a of this title] as soon as the
Secretary determines sufficient data are available, but not later than
July 1, 1994, except that with respect to the factor of retention in
unsubsidized employment specified in section 106(b)(3)(B) of the Job
Training Partnership Act [section 1516(b)(3)(B) of this title] (as
amended by section 115), the requirement that such retention be for not
less than 6 months shall take effect not later than July 1, 1995.
``(c) Interim Training Services Formula.--
``(1) Level of funding.--If the amount appropriated to carry out
parts A and C of title II of the Job Training Partnership Act [29
U.S.C. 1601 et seq., 1641 et seq.] for fiscal year 1993 is less than
the sum of--
``(A) $25,000,000; and
``(B) the amount appropriated to carry out part A of title
II of such Act, as in effect on the day before the date of
enactment of this Act [Sept. 7, 1992], for fiscal year 1992,
the amendment made by section 202 of this Act [enacting section 1602
of this title] shall not take effect on July 1, 1993 [Amendment by
section 202 did not take effect July 1, 1993, because the
appropriations referred to above for fiscal year 1993 were less than
the sum referred to above.], and section 202 of the Job Training
Partnership Act [section 1602 of this title] shall be amended to
read as follows: [For text, see section 1602 of this title.]
``(2) Effective date.--Any amendment made by paragraph (1) shall
take effect on July 1, 1993.
``(d) Permanent Training Services Formula.--
``(1) Level of funding.--If section 202 of the Job Training
Partnership Act [section 1602 of this title] is amended in
accordance with subsection (c) and the amount appropriated to carry
out parts A and C of title II of the Job Training Partnership Act
[29 U.S.C. 1601 et seq., 1641 et seq.] for a fiscal year is not less
than the sum of--
``(A) $25,000,000; and
``(B) the amount appropriated to carry out part A of title
II of such Act, as in effect on the day before the date of
enactment of this Act [Sept. 7, 1992], for fiscal year 1992,
the amendment made by section 202 of this Act [enacting section 1602
of this title] shall take effect. [Amendment by section 202 did not
take effect because the appropriations referred to above for fiscal
year 1995 were less than the sum referred to above.]
``(2) Effective date.--Any amendment made by paragraph (1) shall
take effect on October 1 of the fiscal year described in paragraph
(1).
``(e) Summer Youth Program Transfers.--
``(1) In general.--Section 205 [enacting section 1635 of this
title] and the amendment made by such section 205 shall take effect
on the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 7, 1992].
``(2) Transition.--A service delivery area may transfer up to 10
percent of the amounts allocated for such area for the summer of
1992 under part B of title II of the Job Training Partnership Act
[29 U.S.C. 1630 et seq.] for program year 1992 to provide services
to youth pursuant to the program under part A of such title [29
U.S.C. 1601 et seq.], to provide services to youth under such part
A, if such transfer is approved by the Governor.
``(f) Interim Training Services Formula.--
``(1) Level of funding.--If the amount appropriated to carry out
parts A and C of title II of the Job Training Partnership Act [29
U.S.C. 1601 et seq., 1641 et seq.] for fiscal year 1993 is less than
the sum of--
``(A) $25,000,000; and
``(B) the amount appropriated to carry out part A of title
II of such Act, as in effect on the day before the date of
enactment of this Act [Sept. 7, 1992], for fiscal year 1992,
the amendment made by section 207 of this Act [enacting section 1642
of this title] shall not take effect on July 1, 1993 [Amendment by
section 207 did not take effect July 1, 1993, because the
appropriations referred to above for fiscal year 1993 were less than
the sum referred to above.] and title II of the Job Training
Partnership Act [29 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.] shall be amended by
inserting after section 261 of such Act [section 1641 of this title]
the following: [For text, see section 1642 of this title.]
``(2) Effective date.--Any amendment made by paragraph (1) shall
take effect on July 1, 1993.
``(g) Permanent Training Services Formula.--
``(1) Level of funding.--If title II of the Job Training
Partnership Act [29 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.] is amended in accordance
with subsection (f) and the amount appropriated to carry out parts A
and C of title II of the Job Training Partnership Act [29 U.S.C.
1601 et seq., 1641 et seq.] for a fiscal year is not less than the
sum of--
``(A) $25,000,000; and
``(B) the amount appropriated to carry out part A of title
II of such Act, as in effect on the day before the date of
enactment of this Act [Sept. 7, 1992], for fiscal year 1992,
the amendment made by section 207 of this Act [enacting section 1642
of this title] shall take effect. [Amendment by section 207 did not
take effect because the appropriations referred to above for fiscal
year 1994 were less than the sum referred to above.]
``(2) Effective date.--Any amendment made by paragraph (1) shall
take effect on October 1 of the fiscal year described in paragraph
(1).
``(h) Evaluation.--The Secretary of Labor shall evaluate the impact
of programs under title II of the Job Training Partnership Act [29
U.S.C. 1601 et seq.] on participant employment, earnings and welfare
dependency in multiple sites, using the random assignment of individuals
to groups receiving services under programs authorized under the Job
Training Reform Amendments of 1992 [Pub. L. 102-367, see Short Title of
1992 Amendment note below] to groups not receiving such services.
``(i) Rules and Procedures.--
``(1) In General.--The Secretary of Labor may establish such
rules and procedures as may be necessary to provide for an orderly
implementation of the amendments made by this Act [see Short Title
of 1992 Amendment note below].
``(2) Review.--The Secretary of Labor, the Governors, and the
service delivery areas shall conduct a comprehensive review of the
current policies, practices, procedures, and delivery systems
relating to programs authorized under the Job Training Partnership
Act [29 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.] for the purpose of ensuring the
effective implementation of the amendments made by this Act. Such
review shall include consideration of the appropriateness of current
service delivery area designations, the representativeness of
current State and local councils, the adequacy of current
administrative systems, the effectiveness of current outreach,
service delivery, and coordination activities, and other relevant
matters.
``(j) Implementing Regulations.--The Secretary of Labor shall issue
final regulations relating to the implementation of the amendments made
by this Act not later than December 18, 1992.''


Short Title of 1992 Amendment

Section 1 of Pub. L. 102-367 provided that: ``This Act [enacting
sections 1519, 1601 to 1606, 1630 to 1635, 1641 to 1646, 1673, 1734,
1735, 1782 to 1784b, and 1792 to 1792b of this title, amending this
section and sections 1502, 1503, 1505, 1511, 1512, 1514 to 1518, 1531 to
1535, 1551 to 1554, 1571, 1572, 1574 to 1577, 1580, 1583, 1652, 1661,
1661c, 1661d, 1662a, 1662c, 1662e, 1671, 1672, 1693, 1696 to 1698, 1703,
1703a, 1706, 1707, 1731 to 1733, 1737, 1752 to 1754, 1772, 1773, 1781,
and 1791 to 1791h of this title, section 2014 of Title 7, Agriculture,
and sections 1205a and 2322 of Title 20, Education, repealing sections
1591, 1601 to 1605, 1630 to 1634, and 1734 to 1736 of this title,
omitting sections 1791i and 1791j of this title, and enacting provisions
set out as notes under this section and sections 1602 and 1642 of this
title] may be cited as the `Job Training Reform Amendments of 1992'.''


Short Title of 1991 Amendment

Pub. L. 102-235, Sec. 1, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1806, provided
that: ``This Act [enacting section 1737 of this title, amending sections
1503, 1514, 1531 to 1533, and 1604 of this title, and enacting
provisions set out as notes under this section and sections 1514 and
1737 of this title] may be cited as the `Nontraditional Employment for
Women Act'.''


Short Title of 1988 Amendments

Pub. L. 100-628, title VII, Sec. 711, Nov. 7, 1988, 102 Stat. 3248,
provided that: ``This subtitle [subtitle B (Secs. 711-714) of title VII
of Pub. L. 100-628, enacting sections 1583 and 1791 to 1791j of this
title, amending sections 49, 49a, 49b, 49d, 49e to 49j, 49l, 49l-1,
1502, 1504, 1505, 1514, 1516, 1531, and 1602 of this title and section
602 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and amending provisions
set out as a note under section 49 of this title] may be cited as the
`Jobs for Employable Dependent Individuals Act'.''
Pub. L. 100-418, title VI, Sec. 6301, Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1524,
provided that ``This title'', meaning subtitle D (Secs. 6301-6307) of
title VI of Pub. L. 100-418, which enacted sections 565 and 1505 of this
title, amended subchapter III of this chapter and sections 1502, 1516,
1532, and 1752 of this title, and enacted provisions set out as notes
under section 1651 of this title, could be cited as the ``Economic
Dislocation and Worker Adjustment Assistance Act'', prior to repeal by
Pub. L. 103-382, title III, Sec. 391(i), Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 4023.


Short Title of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99-496, Sec. 1, Oct. 16, 1986, 100 Stat. 1261, provided
that: ``This Act [enacting sections 1582, 1630, and 1736 of this title
and amending sections 1503, 1511, 1516, 1518, 1531, 1533, 1534, 1602,
1603, 1631 to 1634, 1651, 1652, 1707, and 1733 of this title] may be
cited as the `Job Training Partnership Act Amendments of 1986'.''


Short Title

Section 1 of Pub. L. 97-300 provided that: ``This Act [enacting this
chapter and sections 49e, 49f, 49l, and 49l-1 of this title, amending
sections 49, 49a, 49b, 49d, 49g, 49h, 49i, and 49j of this title,
section 665 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and sections
602, 632, and 633 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, repealing
chapter 17 (Sec. 801 et seq.) of this title, and enacting provisions set
out as notes under sections 49 and 801 of this title] may be cited as
the `Job Training Partnership Act'.''


Declaration of Policy

Section 101(a) of Pub. L. 102-367 provided that: ``In recognition of
the training needs of low-income adults and youth, the Congress declares
it to be the policy of the United States to--
``(1) provide financial assistance to States and local service
delivery areas to meet the training needs of such low-income adults
and youth, and to assist such individuals in obtaining unsubsidized
employment;
``(2) increase the funds available for programs under title II
of the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) by not
less than 10 percent of the baseline each fiscal year to provide for
growth in the percentage of eligible adults and youth served above
the 5 percent of the eligible population that is currently served;
and
``(3) encourage the provision of longer, more comprehensive,
education, training, and employment services to the eligible
population, which also requires increased funding in order to
maintain current service levels.''


Construction of 1991 Amendment

Pub. L. 102-235, Sec. 11, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1811, provided
that:
``(a) For purposes of this legislation, nothing in this Act [see
Short Title of 1991 Amendment note above] shall be construed to mean
that Congress is taking a position on the issue of comparable worth.
``(b) Nothing in this Act shall be construed to require, sanction or
authorize discrimination in violation of title VII of the Civil Rights
Act of 1964 [42 U.S.C. 2000e et seq.] or any other Federal law
prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex,
national origin, handicap, or age. No individual shall be excluded from
participation in, denied the benefits of, subjected to discrimination
under, or denied employment in any program under this Act because of
race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, handicap, political
affiliation or belief. Failure to meet the goals in the Act shall not
itself constitute a violation of title VII of the Civil Rights Act of
1964 or any other Federal law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of
race, color, religion, sex, national origin, handicap, or age.''


Congressional Findings and Statement of Purpose for 1991 Amendments

Pub. L. 102-235, Sec. 2, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1806, provided
that:
``(a) Findings.--The Congress finds that--
``(1) over 7,000,000 families in the United States live in
poverty, and over half of those families are single parent
households headed by women;
``(2) women stand to improve their economic security and
independence through the training and other services offered under
the Job Training Partnership Act [29 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.];
``(3) women participating under the Job Training Partnership Act
tend to be enrolled in programs for traditionally female
occupations;
``(4) many of the Job Training Partnership Act programs that
have low female enrollment levels are in fields of work that are
nontraditional for women;
``(5) employment in traditionally male occupations leads to
higher wages, improved job security, and better long-range
opportunities than employment in traditionally female-dominated
fields;
``(6) the long-term economic security of women is served by
increasing nontraditional employment opportunities for women; and
``(7) older women reentering the work force may have special
needs in obtaining training and placement in occupations providing
economic security.
``(b) Statement of Purpose.--The purposes of this Act [see Short
Title of 1991 Amendment note above] are--
``(1) to encourage efforts by the Federal, State, and local
levels of government aimed at providing a wider range of
opportunities for women under the Job Training Partnership Act [29
U.S.C. 1501 et seq.];
``(2) to provide incentives to establish programs that will
train, place, and retain women in nontraditional fields; and
``(3) to facilitate coordination between the Job Training
Partnership Act and the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied
Technology Education Act [20 U.S.C. 2301 et seq.] to maximize the
effectiveness of resources available for training and placing women
in nontraditional employment.''


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This page was last updated on November 13, 2000

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