BILL LANN LEE, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division
STEVEN H. ROSENBAUM, Chief, Special Litigation Section
MELLIE H. NELSON, Deputy Chief, Special Litigation Section
ROBERT MOOSSY, Trial Attorney, Special Litigation Section
U.S. Department of Justice
Civil Rights Division
601 D Street, N.W. #5107
Washington, D.C. 20004
FREDERICK A. BLACK, United States Attorney
Pacific News Building
238 Archbishop Flores St., Ste. 502 A
Agana, Guam 30901
Attorneys for the United States of America
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff
COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS, GOVERNOR OF THE NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS, COMMISSIONER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY, SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND IMMIGRATION, SECRETARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY AND CULTURAL AFFAIRS, Defendants
1. On April 10, 1998, the United States, by and through Acting Assistant Attorney General Bill Lann Lee, gave notice to Governor Pedro P. Tenorio of its intention to investigate conditions at the corrections and detention institutions of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands ("CNMI") pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act ("CRIPA"), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq. The United States investigated conditions at six facilities: the Saipan Prison Complex ("SPC"), the Saipan Detention Facility ("SDF"), the Kagman Youth Facility on Saipan ("KYF"), the Saipan Immigration Detention Facility ("SIDF"), the Tinian Detention Facility ("TDF"), and the Rota Detention Facility ("RDF"). On August 5, 1998, the United States sent a "Letter of Findings" to Governor Tenorio stating that conditions at these six facilities violated the constitutional rights of the persons confined therein.
2. Defendants in this action are the CNMI, the Governor of the CNMI in his official capacity; the Commissioner of the Department of Public Safety in his official capacity as the official in charge of supervising the operations of SPC, SDF, RDF, and TDF; the Secretary of the Department of Labor and Immigration in his official capacity as the official supervising the operations of SIDF; and the Secretary of the Department of Community and Cultural Affairs in his official capacity and as the official supervising the operations of KYF; their successors, and agents.
3. This Court has jurisdiction of this action under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1345. The United States is authorized to initiate this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1997, applicable to the CNMI through Section 105 of the Covenant to Establish A Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the United States of America (1978). Venue is proper in the District of the Northern Mariana Islands pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391.
4. The parties enter into this Decree jointly and for the purpose of avoiding the risks and burdens of litigation.
5. For purposes of this lawsuit only and in order to settle this matter, the Defendants stipulate that this Decree complies in all respects with the provisions of 18 U.S.C. § 3626(a). The parties further stipulate and agree that the prospective relief in this Decree is narrowly drawn, extends no further than necessary to correct the violations of federal rights set forth in the Complaint, is the least intrusive means necessary to correct these violations, and will not have an adverse impact on public safety or the operation of a criminal justice system. Accordingly, the parties agree and represent to the Court that the Decree complies in all respects with the provisions of 18 U.S.C. § 3626(a), and may serve as the factual and legal basis for a court order issued pursuant to those provisions.
6. The issue of liability has not been litigated. The parties ask the Court to approve this Decree without a full hearing on the merits, on the basis of the United States' Complaint and the above stipulation.
7. This Decree is not intended to have any preclusive effect except between the parties. Should the issue of the preclusive effect of this Decree be raised in any proceedings other than this civil action, the parties agree to certify that this Decree was intended to have no such preclusive effect.
8. Defendants, by and through their officials, agents, employees, and successors are enjoined from and shall not deprive persons confined in SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF of rights, privileges, and immunities secured and protected by the Constitution of the United States.
9. Defendants shall develop a short-term and long-term plan for operating SPC, SDF, TDF, and RDF. This plan shall address operating these facilities as a system, where practicable. This plan shall correct current deficiencies and address future population growth. In particular, the plan should address:
a. Facility population projections and classification of projected populations;
b. Space requirements for housing the projected population in SPC, SDF, TDF, and RDF;
c. Programming and services at these facilities appropriate to their populations, including medical care, mental health care, food service, and protection from harm;
d. Staffing and staff training;
e. Security and emergency planning;
The short-term component of the plan shall be completed within 30 days of the entry of this Decree and updated every six months. The long-term component of this plan shall be completed within a year of entry of this Decree and updated every six months.
10. Defendants shall obtain the assistance of professional consultants in developing this plan. Defendants may seek the assistance of the National Institute of Corrections in developing the plan. Compliance with this planning requirement shall not be dependent or contingent, however, upon obtaining assistance from the National Institute of Corrections. Defendants may utilize such other professionals to develop this plan as they deem appropriate.
11. Defendants shall provide the United States with a copy of the final proposed short-term and long-term plan and their revisions upon completion. The United States shall have the right to review the plans so developed and shall have the authority to disapprove any plan or portion of the plan which it concludes fails to comport with appropriate penological practice.
12. If Defendants choose to operate RDF and TDF as temporary holding facilities, defined as routinely confining inmates for less than twenty-four (24) hours, absent exigent circumstances, but for no longer than forty-eight (48) hours, then RDF and TDF shall not be required to comply with the following requirements of this Decree:
a. The portion of Paragraph 19 requiring Defendants to provide metal storage lockers;
b. Paragraph 45 which requires Defendants to provide hot water in bathrooms;
c. Paragraph 50 regarding health screening, testing, and examinations;
d. Paragraph 53 requiring the facilities to be staffed by full-time correctional officers;
e. Paragraph 54 requiring training for correctional officers.
f. Paragraph 56 requiring classification of inmates;
g. Paragraph 60 requiring special needs, protective custody, and disciplinary/maximum security housing areas;
h. Paragraph 61 requiring a secure perimeter fence; and
i. Paragraph 63 requiring control of tools and utensils.
III. FIRE SAFETY
13. Defendants shall protect persons confined in SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF from undue risk of harm from fire and smoke.
14. Within 180 days of entry of this Decree, Defendants shall provide a complete and working fire alarm system with system type smoke detectors in SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. Such fire alarm and smoke detection system shall be continuously monitored by staff through a central control panel at each facility and shall directly alert the fire department. Defendants shall test the alarm and smoke detection system monthly, and service or repair as necessary.
15. Defendants shall remove all polyurethane foam mattresses, pillows, furniture, and other foam materials, such as insulation, from SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. Defendants agree to utilize only fire resistant and/or retardant mattresses, pillows, bedding, furniture, insulation, and other materials.
16. SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF shall each have a back-up generator for use during power-outages. Each generator shall comply with the National Fire Protection Association Code and be capable of powering all alarms, lights, and other fire-safety and emergency equipment. Defendants shall test and service such generators weekly, including servicing the battery charger, regular oil changes, live load tests, and in-use tests.
17. Defendants shall complete a comprehensive survey of all substandard and hazardous electrical conditions and correct such conditions at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. Afterwards, the CNMI Fire Division or other qualified agency shall conduct an inspection of these facilities to identify electrical fire and shock hazards, and the defendants shall correct any hazards.
18. Defendants shall install emergency lighting and exit signs at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF.
19. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, Defendants shall provide approved metal waste receptacles and metal containers to store personal combustible items for staff and persons confined at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. The storage containers for personal items that inmates are permitted to keep in their cells shall be located in their sleeping areas and provide inmates with easy access to their personal belongings. Defendants shall also remove all unnecessary combustible items and materials from housing units, storage areas, and common areas.
20. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, Defendants shall provide SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF, or units of such facilities, each with local common key locks for all cell, ingress/egress, and other locking doors along the path of ingress/egress. Each such facility, or unit of a facility, shall utilize local common keys in a manner that permits speedy evacuation of the facility while ensuring security. Such keys shall be identifiable by sight and touch. All ingress/egress doors shall be able to be unlocked from both sides. No cell doors, ingress/egress doors, or other locking door obstructing the path of ingress/egress shall be secured with any lock other than the common-key lock.
21. Defendants shall ensure that a set of emergency keys that function appropriately on all exit doors is kept readily accessible to staff on all shifts at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. All corrections staff must be educated with respect to the location of emergency keys within their facility.
22. Within 180 days of entry of this Decree, Defendants shall install at SPC and SIDF a complete automatic sprinkler system with quick response heads throughout the facility, including storage and staff areas, except where such sprinklers are unfeasible due to conditions such as high temperatures in equipment rooms.
23. Defendants shall provide at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF a fire or smoke emergency evacuation safe refuge area at least fifty feet from the facility that is directly accessible to evacuating persons. Such refuge area shall provide sufficient space to safely hold evacuees.
24. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, Defendants shall cease housing persons in the wood-frame structure at SPC designated the "half-way house." No person shall be housed in wood-frame buildings. As an interim measure until inmates are no longer housed in this wood-frame building, Defendants shall immediately ensure that no cooking or smoking takes place in the building, that inmates' personal items are kept at a minimum and are stored in metal lockers, the building has sufficient single-station fire alarms and smoke detectors, and that the building is continuously supervised by a staff-member inside the building with two-way communication to a central command center capable of calling the fire department.
25. Defendants shall develop a comprehensive and ongoing fire-safety and other emergency training program for SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. Such training shall consist of emergency procedures, use of fire protection and other emergency equipment, and evacuation of inmates and staff, under actual fire or other emergency conditions. Such training shall be conducted at least annually and for all newly hired persons. In addition, defendants shall conduct regular fire and other emergency drills at each facility in which staff use emergency equipment and procedures to evacuate the facilities and respond to a fire or other emergency.
26. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, Defendants shall provide SPC/SDF and SIDF with necessary fire evacuation equipment to include two emergency breathing apparatus for each facility and sufficient fire extinguishers. Defendants shall provide RDF, TDF, and KYF with necessary fire evacuation equipment to include one emergency breathing apparatus for each facility and sufficient fire extinguishers. RDF and TDF may use the emergency breathing apparatus located at their respective fire departments.
27. Defendants shall establish and document at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF a fire safety and emergency equipment maintenance and inspection program to evaluate on a regular basis each facility for fire safety, and test, service, and maintain all fire safety equipment.
28. Defendants shall designate at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF a fire safety and emergency coordinator for each facility who shall be responsible for each facility's fire safety and other emergency training, equipment, and other programs.
29. Defendants must at all times staff SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF with at least one staff-person per housing unit directly responsible for and capable of detecting and responding to a fire or other emergency and evacuating persons confined in these facilities.
30. Defendants shall install a second outside exit at SIDF that can be used to evacuate persons during a fire or other emergency.
A. Food Service
31. Defendants shall provide persons confined in SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF with food prepared under sanitary conditions.
32. Defendants shall ensure that all personnel supplying or handling food served at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF receive training in the basic principles of food protection and food hygiene by the local public health authority or other competent source. Defendants shall maintain records of this training, attested to by the training authority.
33. Defendants shall provide SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF with food warmers and insulated containers to ensure that hot foods are transported and/or stored before and through their service to inmates at or over 140 degrees Fahrenheit and cold foods are kept sufficiently cold to prevent the growth of dangerous bacteria.
34. Defendants shall ensure that all utensils used to make or distribute any food served at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF are clean and sanitized either through chemical sanitization in a three compartment sink or through steaming the surface of utensils to at least 160 degrees Fahrenheit.
35. Defendants shall ensure all food for consumption at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF is stored in a manner to prevent the growth of dangerous bacteria or other dangerous contaminants. Frozen foods shall be stored at or below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. Refrigerated foods shall be stored at or below 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
36. Defendants shall provide hot water not to exceed 120 degrees Fahrenheit but above 110 degrees Fahrenheit in the food preparation and service areas at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF, and at any contractor providing food to these facilities, for personal hygiene and cleaning food service utensils.
37. Defendants shall develop a pest control plan and ensure SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF are free from pests and vermin. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, all windows that can be opened shall have screens.
38. Defendants shall supply special diets where medically indicated to persons confined in SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. The formulation of these special diets must be approved by a qualified dietician.
39. Defendants shall establish and document a regular food service equipment and utensil preventive maintenance program to ensure that equipment is functioning properly and that utensils are clean and sanitary. This program shall include regular testing of food utensil sanitization, including utensils used by contractors, and food temperatures at all points in the food storage and preparation process.
B. Hygiene and Sanitation
40. Defendants shall provide persons confined in SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF with sanitary conditions of confinement.
41. Defendants shall establish and implement written policies and procedures for routine daily housekeeping for all areas of SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF.
42. Defendants shall ensure that the local public health authority shall conduct health inspections of all areas of SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. Defendants shall implement the public health authority's recommendations within 15 days of receiving them.
43. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, Defendants shall provide at least twenty (20) foot-candles of artificial lighting, measurable thirty-six inches from the floor upward, in all cells and common areas of SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. All lighting fixtures should be enclosed in fixtures appropriate for use in a secure or correctional setting and free from electrical hazards and unsecured wiring.
44. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, Defendants shall provide at least fifteen (15) cubic feet per minute per inmate of fresh forced air via mechanical ventilation with supply and exhaust, temperature controlled or otherwise, for all SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF cells and common areas.
45. Defendants shall provide hot water in all bathrooms at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF for personal hygiene and cleaning of the facility.
46. Defendants shall provide adequate toilet facilities, including one shower for every twelve inmates, and regular access to toilets at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SID. Defendants shall survey each facility for plumbing deficiencies and repair toilets and urinals on a priority basis. Defendants shall ensure that all toilets flush properly, the septic systems are maintained in good working order, bathrooms have working sinks, and showers are free from mold and mildew. Defendants shall comply with this paragraph within 90 days except that Defendants shall have 180 days to comply at SPC with the requirement that Defendants provide one shower for every twelve inmates and flushing toilets.
47. Defendants shall remove all hazardous chemicals from cells and common areas of SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF.
48. Defendants shall provide each inmate with an appropriate place to sleep at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF regardless of crowding. Defendants shall provide each inmate adequate bedding and a clean sleeping surface at least twelve inches off the floor. Defendants shall remove all cloth mattress covers and provide all inmates at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF with fire, soil, and moisture resistant mattress covers that may be sanitized.
49. Defendants shall provide a complete health screening to all persons confined at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF as follows:
a. Upon admittance Defendants shall administer a health screening questionnaire designed to determine whether the inmate has a communicable disease, is in need of medical attention, has special medical needs, is taking prescription medication, is mentally ill, or presents a suicide risk. The screening shall be administered by trained staff and kept with the inmate's record.
b. All inmates confined for seven or more days shall be administered a PPD tuberculosis test within the seven days. Regardless of length of confinement, any person demonstrating symptoms of active tuberculosis or testing positive for tuberculosis shall be administered a chest x-ray within 3 days. All persons with active tuberculosis shall be segregated immediately from the rest of the population in a manner to minimize the risk of tuberculosis transmission and provided appropriate medical care.
c. All inmates at SPC, SDF, RDF, TDF, and KYF confined for fourteen days or longer, or persons confined at SIDF for 21 days or longer, shall be given a physical health assessment by a physician or physician assistant. The assessment shall include a medical history, and a vital signs examination. The results of the assessment shall be recorded and kept in the inmate's medical record along with the inmate's medical intake screening form.
50. Defendants shall administer medication at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF only by a nurse or other individual trained in dispensing medications and recognizing and responding to possible side effects of taking medications.
51. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, Defendants shall train all staff in preventing the spread of communicable diseases and blood-borne pathogens, including TB and HIV.
VI. SECURITY AND PROTECTION FROM HARM
52. Defendants shall staff SPC, SDF, TDF, and RDF with an adequate number of full-time correctional officers. Staff at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF shall be of sufficient number to supervise inmates in the event of an emergency or routine absences, and, at RDF and TDF, when detainees are escorted to the lavatories.
53. Defendants shall train corrections officers, supervisors, and other staff responsible for caring for inmates at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, and SIDF in professional corrections practices. All newly hired correctional officers and supervisors shall successfully complete sixty (60) hours of pre-service training before working in the institution, and eighty (80) hours of on the job training supervised by an experienced correctional officer. Defendants shall provide in-service training of a minimum of forty (40) hours per year for all correctional officers after their first year of employment. Training shall include, but is not limited to, certification for CPR, fire safety, inmate mental health, security practices, suicide prevention, and other appropriate curriculum.
54. Within 180 days of entry of this Decree, Defendants shall develop comprehensive facility policies and procedures for SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. Such policies and procedures shall include policies regarding supervising inmates of different classifications. Defendants shall regularly review and revise these policies and procedures as necessary. The United States shall be provided a copy of the final proposed policies and procedures upon their completion. The United States shall have the right to review policies and procedures so developed and, if the United States disagrees with any policy or procedure, shall inform and consult with Defendants to improve the policy or procedure. If the parties are unable to agree on whether a particular policy is appropriate, the matter shall be decided by the Court after briefing by the parties. Defendants shall obtain the assistance of professional consultants in developing these policies and procedures, and may seek the assistance of the National Institute of Corrections. Compliance with the requirements of this paragraph shall not be dependent or contingent, however, upon obtaining assistance from the National Institute of Corrections. Defendants may utilize such other professionals to develop these policies and procedures as they deem appropriate.
55. Defendants shall develop and implement at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF an inmate classification plan utilizing objective and behaviorally based classification standards including nature of offense, criminal history, risk of being a predator/prey, and mental health status (e.g., suicide risk). The classification system shall be based upon safety and security considerations unique to the population at each facility. Defendants shall obtain the assistance of professional consultants in developing the inmate classification system, and may seek the assistance of the National Institute of Corrections in developing a classification system. Compliance with the requirements of this paragraph shall not be dependent or contingent, however, upon obtaining assistance from the National Institute of Corrections. Defendants may utilize such other professionals to develop the inmate classification plan as they deem appropriate.
56. Defendants shall provide regular sight and sound direct supervision of all persons confined at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF. Defendants shall remove sight-line obstructions such as hanging sheets and towels.
57. Defendants shall provide correctional officers, and other staff supervising inmates at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF with the ability to communicate, at all times while supervising or monitoring inmates, with a central command post at each facility.
58. Defendants shall ensure that correctional officers at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF make frequent rounds to monitor activity in inmate housing areas. Appropriate documentation of security checks shall be maintained in a manner that is readily identifiable and verifiable. Sufficient officer rounds shall be made within the housing units to provide inmates reasonable protection from harm. At minimum, in maximum and medium security housing areas such rounds shall be made and recorded on at least fifteen (15) minute intervals.
59. Defendants shall provide special needs (e.g., suicide-watch), protective custody, and disciplinary/maximum security housing areas at SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF for inmates who must be separated from the general population and/or in need of frequent or constant supervision. Suicide-watch cells must be free from "hanging points." Staff shall monitor potentially suicidal inmates at least every fifteen (15) minutes and record such monitoring. Staff shall continuously monitor suicidal inmates.
60. Within 180 days from entry of this Decree, Defendants shall install a secure perimeter fence around SPC, SDF, TDF, KYF, RDF, and SIDF, appropriate to the inmate classification and population at each facility. Each fence shall have adequate lighting and be monitored.
61. Defendants shall ensure that males and females at KYF do not commingle unless directly supervised by staff.
62. Defendants shall control and account for the location of all tools, utensils, and personal effects that could be used as a weapon. Defendants shall secure all areas in which metal objects are stored or disposed. Defendants shall install "shadow boards" in tool storage and kitchen utensil areas and daily account for and document all tools and utensils accessible to inmates. Inmates shall not have access to any area in which metal objects are stored or held for removal as trash, unless directly and constantly supervised by staff. Correctional officers shall search inmates and housing areas for contraband articles.
63. Any new facility(ies) built or operated by Defendants, or their agents or contractors, to detain or confine inmates shall comply with the provisions of this Decree.
64. Any new facility(ies) built or operated by Defendants, or their agents or contractors, to detain or confine inmates shall be designed by an architect with experience in designing correctional facilities. Defendants shall provide the United States with the architectural plans for such facility(ies) for the United States's review and comments.
65. Defendants have provided the United States with the following schedule termed "Planning Schedule for New Facilities": December 1998, Defendants shall have hired an expert consultant as a project manager for the new facility construction project; September 1999, Defendants shall award the architectural and engineering contract for the new facility; May 2000, Defendants shall begin construction of the new facility. If Defendants follow this schedule and progress at a reasonable pace in constructing the new facility(ies), Defendants need not comply with the following provisions of this Decree for the current facilities, provided that the current facilities are not used to detain or confine inmates upon the opening of the new facility(ies):
a. Paragraph 14 in that it requires the fire alarm and smoke detection system to operate as an integrated system alerting a central control panel and directly notifying the fire department. Defendants may instead use single unit battery operated alarms and smoke detectors provided such units are tested and serviced weekly. In addition, each unit shall be continuously supervised by staff with two-way communication to a central control that can immediately respond to the emergency, including immediately contacting the fire department.
b. Paragraph 22 regarding installation of fire sprinklers;
c. Paragraph 45 as it applies to hot water in the lavatories at SPC and SDF.
66. Ninety (90) days following entry of this Decree and every six (6) months thereafter until this Decree is terminated, the CNMI shall file with the Court, with a copy to the United States, a status report delineating all steps taken during the reporting period to comply with each provision of this Decree. The CNMI shall state whether any internal or external audits of the functions of SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF have been performed and will summarize the subject matter and results of such reports. The CNMI shall provide the United States with copies of these reports or audits upon request.
67. The Defendants shall maintain all records necessary to document their compliance with all terms of this Decree. The Defendants shall also maintain any and all records required by or developed under this Consent Decree.
68. Defendants shall appoint a Consent Decree coordinator to oversee compliance with this Decree, and to serve as a point of contact.
69. During all times while the Court maintains jurisdiction over this action, the United States shall have access to, and receive copies of, any documents and any databases necessary to evaluate compliance with this Decree. The United States shall have access to all staff and facilities as necessary to evaluate the Defendants' compliance with the terms of this Decree.
70. The Defendants shall immediately provide copies of, and explain the terms of this Decree to all current and future employees or other staff of SPC, SDF, TDF, RDF, KYF, and SIDF, in order to ensure that they understand the requirements of this Decree and the necessity for its strict compliance. All such individuals shall sign a statement indicating that they have read and understand this Decree and acknowledge receiving an individual copy of the Decree.
71. Except where otherwise specifically indicated, the Defendants shall implement all provisions of this Decree within 90 days after entry of this Decree.
72. The Court shall retain jurisdiction of this action for all purposes during the term of this Decree. At any time after two (2) years from the date of entry of this Decree, and after substantial compliance has been maintained for no less than one year, the CNMI may move to terminate this Decree. Any motion to terminate must detail all aspects of the Defendants' compliance with each provision of this Decree, supported by affidavits and supporting documentation. The United States shall have ninety (90) days from receipt of the CNMI's motion to terminate to file its objection(s). In the event the United States objects to termination of the Decree, the Court shall hold a hearing, at which both parties may present evidence, before ruling on the motion to terminate. At the hearing, the burden shall be on the CNMI to demonstrate that it has fully and faithfully implemented all provisions of this Consent Decree and maintained substantial compliance for at least one year.
73. The parties agree to defend the provisions of this Consent Decree. The parties shall notify each other of any court challenge to this Decree. In the event any provision of this Consent Decree is challenged in any local or state court, removal to a federal court shall be sought.
74. In the event any provision of this Consent Decree is declared invalid for any reason by a Court of competent jurisdiction, said finding shall not affect the remaining provisions of this Decree.
We consent and seek entry of this Decree:
For the United States of America:
BILL LANN LEE, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights
STEVEN H. ROSENBAUM, Chief, Special Litigation Section
MELLIE H. NELSON, Deputy Chief, Special Litigation Section
ROBERT J. MOOSSY, JR., Trial Attorney U.S. Department of Justice
Civil Rights Division
Special Litigation Section
P.O. Box 66400
Washington, D.C. 20035-6400
FREDERICK BLACK, United States Attorney
District of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands
For the Defendants:
PEDRO P. TENORIO, Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
CHARLES W. INGRAM, JR., Commissioner of the Department of Public Safety
MARK ZACHARES, Secretary of the Department of Labor and Immigration
THOMAS TEBUTEB, Secretary of the Department of Community and Cultural Affairs
MICHAEL AMBROSE, Assistant Attorney General
SO ORDERED this _______ day of _______, 1998.
HON. ALEX R. MUNSON
United States District Court Judge of the Northern Mariana Islands >