THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA alleges:
1. This complaint is filed by the Attorney General on behalf of the United States of America pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act of 1980, 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq., to enjoin the named Defendants from depriving persons incarcerated at Crane Correctional Facility, located in Coldwater, Michigan ("CCF") and Scott Correctional Facility, located in Plymouth, Michigan ("SCF"), of rights, privileges, or immunities secured and protected by the Constitution of the United States.
2. This Court has jurisdiction over this action under 28 U.S.C. § 1345.
3. The United States is authorized to initiate this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1997c.
4. The Attorney General has certified that all pre-filing requirements specified in 42 U.S.C. § 1997b have been met. The Certificate of the Attorney General is appended to this Complaint and is incorporated herein.
5. Venue in the Eastern District of Michigan, Southern Division, is proper pursuant to 28 U.S.C §§ 1391, 1392.
6. Defendant STATE OF MICHIGAN owns and operates CCF and SCF, which are state correctional facilities for women located in Coldwater and Plymouth, Michigan, respectively.
7. Defendant JOHN ENGLER is sued in his official capacity as the Governor of the State of Michigan, which is responsible for the supervision and control of inmates at CCF and SCF.
8. Defendant MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS ("MDOC") is the agency charged with authority to maintain and operate CCF and SCF and is responsible for the conditions of confinement and treatment of persons incarcerated in these facilities.
9. Defendant KENNETH McGINNIS is sued in his official capacity as the Director of the Department of Corrections, which is the agency charged with the authority to maintain and operate CCF and SCF and is responsible for the conditions of confinement and treatment of persons incarcerated in these facilities.
10. Defendant SALLY LANGLEY is sued in her official capacity as Warden of CCF. Defendant Langley directly supervises and controls CCF.
11. Defendant JOAN YUKINS is sued in her official capacity as Warden of SCF. Defendant Yukins directly supervises and controls SCF.
12. Defendants are legally responsible, in whole or in part, for the operation of CCF and SCF, for the conditions there and the health and safety of persons confined or incarcerated there.
13. At all relevant times, the Defendants or their predecessors in office have acted or failed to act, as alleged herein, under color of state law.
14. CCF and SCF are institutions within the meaning of 42 U.S.C. § 1997(1).
15. Persons confined to CCF and SCF are women sentenced to prison following conviction of various crimes in the Michigan state courts.
16. Defendants are failing to protect persons confined to CCF and SCF from sexual misconduct by correctional officers and staff. Inmates incarcerated at CCF and SCF are subjected to a variety of sexual misconduct from Defendants' employees, including sexual relationships, sexual assaults, sexual touching and fondling, and without good reason, frequent, prolonged, close-up and prurient viewing during dressing, showering and use of toilet facilities.
17. Defendants are failing to provide adequate medical care by, inter alia, failing to provide access to adequate care for serious medical needs.
18. Defendants are failing to provide adequate mental health care by, inter alia, failing to treat serious mental health needs of prisoners.
19. Defendants have been consciously aware of the factual allegations set forth in paragraphs 16-18 for a substantial period of time.
20. Defendants have failed to address adequately the abuses described in paragraphs 16-18 though they consciously knew of those abuses.
21. The harm or risk of harm to inmate health and safety set forth in paragraphs 16-18 have been obvious within CCF and SCF for a substantial period of time.
22. The acts and omissions alleged in paragraphs 16-21 violate the rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution of the United States of persons confined at CCF and SCF.
23. Unless restrained by this Court, Defendants will continue to engage in the conduct and practices set forth in paragraphs 16-21 that deprive persons confined at CCF and SCF of their rights, privileges, or immunities secured or protected by the Constitution of the United States and cause them irreparable harm.
24. The Attorney General is authorized under 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq. to seek equitable and declaratory relief.
WHEREFORE, the United States prays that this Court enter an order permanently enjoining Defendants, their officers, agents, employees, subordinates, successors in office, and all those acting in concert or participation with them from continuing the acts, omissions, and practices set forth in paragraphs 16 through 21 above, and that this Court require Defendants to take such actions as will ensure lawful conditions of confinement are afforded to inmates at CCF and SCF. The United States further prays that this Court grant such other and further equitable relief as it may deem just and proper.
JANET RENO, Attorney General of the United States
DEVAL L. PATRICK, Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division
SAUL GREEN, United States Attorney, Eastern District of Michigan
STEVEN H. ROSENBAUM, Chief, Special Litigation Section
MELLIE H. NELSON, Deputy Chief, Special Litigation Section
SHANETTA Y. BROWN CUTLAR
TAWANA E. DAVIS
MARK S. MASLING
U.S. Department of Justice
Civil Rights Division
Special Litigation Section
P.O. Box 66400
Washington, D.C. 20035-6400
(202) 514-0195 >