FACTORS UNDER INA § 236(a)

A. Threshold Requirements:

Before an alien may be released pursuant to INA § 236(a), the alien must demonstrate that he is:

• Not a threat to national security;
• Not a danger to property or persons; and
• Likely to appear for any future proceedings.

Matter of Guerra, 24 I&N Dec. 37, 38 (BIA 2006); Matter of Adeniji, 22 I&N Dec. 1102, 112-13 (BIA 1999).

B. Significant Discretionary Factors:

• Fixed address in the United States. Matter of Patel, 15 I&N Dec. 666, 667 (BIA 1979), superceded by statute on other grounds as stated in Matter of Valentin Valdez-Valdez, 21 I&N Dec. 703 (BIA 1997).

• Length of residence in the United States. Matter of Shaw, 17 I&N Dec. 177, 178-79 (BIA 1979). Method of entry. Matter of San Martin, 15 I&N Dec. 167, 169 (BIA 1967).

• Family ties in the United States, particularly those who can confer immigration benefits on the alien. Matter of Shaw, 17 I&N Dec. 177, 178 (BIA 1979); Matter of Patel, 15 I&N Dec. 666, 667 (BIA 1979).

• Employment history in the United States, including length and stability. Matter of Shaw, 17 I&N Dec. 177, 178 (BIA 1979); Matter of Patel, 15 I&N Dec. 666, 667 (BIA 1979).

• Immigration record. Matter of Shaw, 17 I&N Dec. 177, 178 (BIA 1979); Matter of San Martin, 15 I&N Dec. 167, 169 (BIA 1974); Matter of Moise, 12 I&N Dec. 102, 104-05 (BIA 1967).

• Attempts to escape from authorities or other flight to avoid prosecution. Matter of Patel, 15 I&N Dec. 666, 667 (BIA 1979); Matter of San Martin, 15 I&N Dec. 167, 168-69 (BIA 1967).

• Prior failures to appear for scheduled court proceedings. Matter of Shaw, 17 I&N Dec. 177, 179 (BIA 1979); Matter of Patel, 15 I&N Dec. 666, 667 (BIA 1979); Matter of San Martin, 15 I&N Dec. 167, 169 (BIA 1967).

• Criminal record, including extensiveness and recency, indicating consistent disrespect for the law and ineligibility for relief from deportation/removal. Matter of Andrade, 19 I&N Dec. 488, 490-91 (BIA 1987).

C. Less Significant Discretionary Factors:

• Early release from prison, parole, or low bond in related criminal proceedings. Matter of Andrade, 19 I&N Dec. 488, 490 (BIA 1987); Matter of Shaw, 17 I&N Dec. 177, 179 (BIA 1979).

• Ability to pay is not dispositive.

• DHS difficulties in executing a final order of deportation. Matter of P-C-M-, 20 I&N Dec. 432, 434 (BIA 1991).

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