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Republic of the Sudan

Last Updated: September 17, 2014 10:38 AM


Citizenship and Country Documents
US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN32851 – Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information on the issue of passports/exit visas to people accused of spying/political dissent?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN102443.E - Information on the various identity documents in Sudan and the names of the agencies that issue them - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
    • SDN102442.E – Passport Issuance and Renewal Procedures - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
  • Norway – Landinfo: Country of Origin Information Centre - Documents in Somalia and Sudan – Jan. 2009 (PDF)
Legislation
  • Sudanese Nationality Act (Amendment) - 2011 (PDF)
  • Nationality Act - 2003 (PDF)
  • Passport and Immigration Act - 2003 (PDF)
 
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Children
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Children - Sep. 2012 (PDF), April 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN102444.E - Documentation required and procedures to be followed by a parent wishing to travel abroad with a minor child in the absence or without the consent of the other parent - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • Children in Slaves, Street Children and Child Soldiers - Sep. 1995 (PDF)
Legislation
  • THE CHILD ACT - 2008 (PDF)
 
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Corruption
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
 
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Disabilities
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Disabilities - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
 
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Elections
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Participation - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Election Results 2010 - Sep. 2012 (PDF)
  • House of Commons Library Research Paper - Peace or war, unity or secession? - June 2010 (PDF)
Legislation
  • The National Elections Act of 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Election Guide - Recent Elections
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • Democracy on Hold: Rights Violations in the April 2010 Sudan Elections - June 2010 (PDF)
 
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Ethnic Groups / Race
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National/ Racial/Ethnic Minorities - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International
    • Overview (PDF)
    • State of the Wolrd's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2014 (PDF)
 
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Beja
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Beja profile (PDF)
 
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Berti
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Any evidence of adverse treatment by the authorities or other ethnic groups of members of the Berti tribe in Sudan? – April 2009 (PDF)
 
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Copts
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Copts profile (PDF)
 
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Dinkas
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Dinkas profile (PDF)
 
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Fur
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Fur profile (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the Al Fur tribe, in particular the Tunjer ethnic group. Information on its traditions, culture, society, membership, history and current situation in Sudan. Areas inhabited by the Fur. – June 2010 (PDF)
 
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Goraani Tribe
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN17576 – Sep. 2005 (PDF)
      1. What is the situation for Goraani in Dhafur? Are they targeted by hostile tribes and/or the government by reason of ethnicity/imputed political opinion?
      2. Is there protection by the authorities?
 
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Nuba
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Nuba - Sep. 2012 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Nuba profile (PDF)
 
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Tunjer
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the treatment of those who are members or are perceived to be members of the Tunjer ethnic group by the government and/or society. Whether they are being discriminated against by the government, or by other groups in Sudan. NGOs working with and supporting these minority groups. – June 2010 (PDF)
 
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Gender
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office - Women - Sep. 2012 (PDF), April 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN41450.E - Replacement of SDN38394.E of 8 February 2002 regarding the Sudanese Women's Union (SWU) - May 2003 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International - 2013 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Rape as a Weapon of War: Sexual Violence and Its Consequences - 2004 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the current situation in Sudan regarding the areas of and severity of conflict and its effect on female civilians – July 2009 (PDF)
    • Information on the treatment of women who are known to have had sex before marriage and what protection is available if family have threatened to kill them. – June 2009 (PDF)
 
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Human Rights
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • USCIS RIC Reports
    • Information on Human Rights Violations in Juba Circa 1963; Human Rights Violations Linked to the Republican Guard Between 1966 and 1969; Forcing Compliance of Tribal Leaders with Nimeiri’s Policies Between 1983 and 1985; and Execution of Soldiers by the Sudanese Military from 1985 to 1989. - Dec. 2002 (PDF)
    • Human Rights Since the 1989 Coup - Feb. 1993 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Human Rights - Sept 2012 (PDF), April 2010 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN32851 – Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information about the treatment of Sudanese citizens accused of spying or of political dissent generally?
      2. Please provide information on the freedom of movement of professional Sudanese?
      1. What information is there about the treatment of returnee failed asylum seekers to Sudan?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN102445.E - Military service including age of conscription, gender, length of service, recruitment practices and training, exemption conditions and alternative service options, penalties for refusing military service, and treatment of family members of those who refuse military service – Feb. 2007 (PDF)
    • SDN42928.E - Treatment of members and suspected supporters of the Martyrs' Families League or Ramadan Martyrs' Family League) and whether this group is or was active in Saudi Arabia (2002-2004) - August 2004 (PDF)
    • SDN41312.E - The Bank of Khartoum; list of branches including addresses in Khartoum; whether it is privately or state owned; reports of organizational changes since 2000; reports of employees being dismissed due to political activities; sample of an employment record and bank letterhead - April 2003 (PDF)
    • SDN41390.E - Update to SDN37191.E of 22 August 2001 regarding the Sudan Human Rights Group (SHRG), including its membership, activities and the treatment of its members by authorities - April 2003 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International - 2013 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Civilians Under Attack in Southern Kordofan - 2014 (PDF)
    • Civilians Caught in Unending Crisis in Southern Kordofan - 2013 (PDF)
    • Sudan-South Sudan: Destruction and Desolation in Abyei - 2011 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2014 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
    • Worst of the Worst 2012: The World's Most Repressive Societies - 2012 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • "We Stood, They Opened Fire" - Killings and Arrests by Sudan’s Security Forces During the September Protests – April 2014
    • Under Siege Indiscriminate Bombing and Abuses in Sudan’s Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States - December 2012 (PDF)
    • Democracy on Hold: Rights Violations in the April 2010 Sudan Elections - June 2010 (PDF)
    • The Way Forward Ending Human Rights Abuses and Repression across Sudan - October 2009 (PDF)
    • Crackdown in Khartoum: Mass Arrests, Torture, and Disappearances since the May 10 Attack - June 2008 (PDF)
    • Sudan, Oil, and Human Rights - November 2003 (PDF)
    • Famine in The Human Rights Causes - 1999
    • Behind the Red Line: Political Repression in Sudan - May 1996 (PDF)
    • In The Name of God:” Repression Continues in Northern Sudan - November 1994 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Treatment of failed asylum seekers returned to Sudan. – June 2010 (PDF)
 
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Justice System
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Judiciary - Sept 2012 (PDF), April 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN102446.E - Informal "tent courts" used to mete out speedy justice to non-Muslims by military or religious personnel (2004 - 2007) - Feb 2007 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Sudan: Excessive and deadly: The use of force, arbitrary detention and torture against protesters in Sudan – Sept. 2014 (PDF)
    • Agents of Fear: The National Security Service in Sudan - 2010 (PDF)
    • Incommunicado detention, torture and special courts - June 2004 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the death penalty - Sept. 2011 (PDF)
    • Details on Ghost Prisonsin Sudan, and whatever information is available on operation of these prisons. Who are detained? Have people ever escaped? – March 2009 (PDF)
 
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Law
  • Refugee Act 2012 (PDF)
  • The Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan - 2011 (PDF)
  • Sudanese Nationality Act (Amendment) 2011 (PDF)
  • THE Child Act 2008 (PDF)
  • The National Elections Act of 2008 (PDF)
  • The Non-Governmental Organizations Act - 2003 (PDF)
  • Nationality Act, 2003 (PDF)
  • Passport and Immigration Act, 2003 (PDF)
  • The Prisons Act 2003 (PDF)
  • The Penal Code 2003 (PDF)
  • Passport and Immigration Act, 2003 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the death penalty - Sept. 2011 (PDF)
 
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Maps
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
 
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Medical Availability
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Medical Issues - April 2010 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN39667 – Jan. 2012 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information to indicate that doctors or other medical practitioners in Sudan are being – or have been – targeted for harm by Sudanese authorities?
      2. Please provide summary information on the Sudanese medical system, including the ability of those in need of medical treatment to obtain access to necessary services; the standard of medical treatment provided; and the standard of medical training and infrastructure in the country.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN104138.E - The AIDS Effects and Dangers Awareness Society (AEDAS), including its mission, structure, funders, directors and areas of operation, particularly between 2008 and 2010; contact information of organization – Aug. 2012 (PDF)
International Government Organization Reports
  • World Health Organization Page
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Problems regarding lack of access to medical care in Sudan – July 2009 (PDF)
 
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Political Figures and Parties
US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN39667 – Jan. 2012 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the current government in Sudan and its stance towards opposition parties and whether there is government sponsored harm towards opponents.
      2. Please provide information about the Sudanese Federal Democratic party.
      1. Please provide information about the attitude of the Sudanese government towards Sufism.
    • SDN32851 – Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. What information is there about Ahmed Harun?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN104155.E - The Umma (or Oma) party, including its mandate, structure, leaders, activities; treatment of its members – July 2012 (PDF)
    • SDN40323.E - National Democratic Alliance (NDA); location of international offices; role and mandate of branch office in Washington; the process NDA follows when verifying claims to party membership; description of stamps and letterhead; presence of NDA in Sudan - April 2003 (PDF)
    • SDN40941.E - Update to SDN4706.E of 2 April 1990 regarding the Sudanese National Party (SNP); its structure, membership, mandate, activities inside and outside of Sudan; affiliations, especially with the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) and the Nuba Mountains Association Movement; treatment of members by the authorities - April 2003 (PDF)
 
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Refugees / IDPs
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Internally Displaced Persons/Protection of Refugees - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Norway – Landinfo: Country of Origin Information Centre: Sudan – Internally displaced persons in Khartoum - Nov. 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • ‘We Can Run Away from Bombs, but not from Hunger’ - Sudan’s Refugees in South Sudan - 2012 (PDF)
    • Darfur: ‘When Will They Protect Us?’ Civilians trapped by violence in Sudan - September 2007 (PDF)
    • 130,000 Refugees on the Chad Border - June 2004 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on concerns regarding the safety and security of residents of the Abu Zar (Abu Zahr) IDP camp in El Geneina or in the close vicinity of the camp. – Jan. 2012 (PDF)
 
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Religion
US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Religion - April 2010 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN39667 – Jan. 2012 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information about freedom of religion in Sudan.
      2. Please provide information about the attitude of the Sudanese government towards Sufism.
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Treatment of Christians in Sudan. – Dec. 2009 (PDF)
 
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Sexual Orientation
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Persons - April 2010 (PDF)
 
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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Blood at the Crossroads: Making the Case for a Global Arms Treaty - 2008 (PDF)
  • Armed Conflict Report - Sudan - Jan 2009
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • Abandoning Abyei Destruction and Displacement - July 2008 (PDF)
    • Global Trade Local Impact: Arms Transfers to all Sides in the Civil War in Sudan - 1998
 
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Armed Forces
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • SDN33567 – July 2008 (PDF)
      1. Is there information to indicate that suspected dissidents are drafted into Sudan’s armed forces? If so, is there information on the situation of such persons: how they are treated; whether they are forced to serve in combat units; whether they are sent to the Darfur region?
      2. Please provide an update on the state of the conflict in the Darfur region.
      3. Please provide any information that might be available on the conditions affecting conscripted soldiers in Sudan’s armed forces fighting in the Darfur region.
    • SDN32167 – Aug. 2007 (PDF)
      1. Is there an army camp Khalid Ibn Al Walid at (or perhaps in/near the hills outside) Omdurman?
      2. Is there any evidence national servicemen are pressured to join the National Islamic Front, or mistreated generally?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • SDN103746.E - The Popular Defence Forces (PDF), including whether it is affiliated with the military; maximum age of conscription into the PDF and whether there are exemptions from service; whether individuals must serve for a three-month period, regardless of age, sex and medical condition, to keep their job and pension; whether those who had served with the PDF for three months had to report to police stations in June 2008 for further service; if so, consequences for not reporting - May 2011 (PDF)
    • SDN102445.E - Military service including age of conscription, gender, length of service, recruitment practices and training, exemption conditions and alternative service options, penalties for refusing military service, and treatment of family members of those who refuse military service – Feb. 2007 (PDF)
 
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Darfur
US Government Reports
  • CRS Report
    • The Crisis in Darfur and Status of the North-South Peace Agreement - March 2011 (PDF)
    • The Crisis in Darfur - Jun 2004 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Darfur - April 2010 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • We Can't Endure Any More: The Impact of Inner Communal Violence on Civilians in Central Darfur - March 2014 (PDF)
    • 10 Years on Violations Remain Widespread in Darfur - 2013 (PDF)
    • Empty Promises on Darfur: International Community Fails to Deliver - January 2009 (PDF)
    • Sudan – Displaced in Darfur: A generation of anger - January 2008 (PDF)
    • Darfur: ‘When Will They Protect Us?’ Civilians trapped by violence in Sudan - September 2007 (PDF)
    • Sudan: At the Mercy of Killers – destruction of villages in Darfur - 2004 (PDF)
    • Sudan - Darfur: Incommunicado detention, torture and special courts - June 2004 (PDF)
    • Sudan - Darfur: "Too many people killed for no reason" - 2004 (PDF)
  • Armed Conflicts Report - Jan 2009 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Darfur in the Shadows: The Sudanese Government’s Ongoing Attacks on Civilians and Human Rights - June 2011 (PDF)
    • Entrenching Impunity: Government Responsibility for International Crimes in Darfur - December 2005 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the current security situation in Darfur – Jan. 2011 (PDF)
    • Information on the Darfur Liberation Movement (also information on groups with similar sounding names or similar spellings). Information on its activities, objectives, policies, leadership, membership, history and current situation in Darfur, Sudan. Information on the treatment of those who are members or are perceived to be members of the group by the government and/or society. – June 2010 (PDF)
    • Whether the Zaghawa are targeted by the Janjaweed. – April 2009 (PDF)
    • Any information concerning an association called the Justice and Equality Movement in Northern Darfur during the period 16/10/05 to 26/12/06, and how members were treated by the government. – Jan. 2009 (PDF)
 
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Female Genital Mutilation
US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Sudan - June 2008 (PDF)
  • Norway – Landinfo: Country of Origin Information Centre: Female genital mutilation in Sudan and Somalia – Dec. 2008 (PDF)
 
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Speech / Press / Internet
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - April 2010 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International - 2013 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Sudan: Excessive and deadly: The use of force, arbitrary detention and torture against protesters in Sudan – Sept. 2014 (PDF)
    • Silencing Dissent: Restrictions on Freedom of Opinion and Expression Persist in Sudan - April 2012 (PDF)
    • The Chains Remains: Restrictions on Freedom of Expression in Sudan - August 2010 (PDF)
    • Sudan: Intimidation and Denial: Attacks on Freedom of Expression in Darfur - August 2004 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2014 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
    • Freedom of the Net - 2013 (PDF)
    • Freedom of the Press - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
 
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Timeline
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • Issues Paper - Sudan Chronology of Events April 1993 - April 1995 - Aug 1995 (PDF)
Media
 
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Trafficking
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Trafficking in Persons - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • Trafficking in Persons Report - Sudan - 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Trafficking - April 2010 (PDF)
 
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Terrorism
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2013
 
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