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Virtual Law Library

Republic of Zimbabwe

Last Updated: August 1, 2014 2:49 PM


Citizenship and Country Documents
US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE36759 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on whether there were problems or delays or refusal in the granting of Zimbabwean passports to MDC members leading up to January and February 2003.
    • ZWE36705 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is the holder of a foreign (e.g. South African) passport also able to hold Zimbabwean citizenship?
      2. Does possession of a Republic of Zimbabwe National Registration Card signify that a person is a citizen of Zimbabwe?
      3. What is the significance of the word "ALIEN" on the card?
    • ZWE35356 - August 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information on Zimbabwe not being able to afford to print passports in the past 12 mths or so?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE103560.E - Passport Renewal Procedures - August 2010 (PDF)
    • ZWE101260.E - Procedures and security checks done by the Embassy and consular offices of Zimbabwe in the United States when a national of Zimbabwe wishes to acquire a new passport or to renew/replace an old one (May 2006) - June 2006 (PDF)
    • ZWE101381.E - Documentation and Procedures for Parents Wishing To Travel Abroad - June 2006 (PDF)
 
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Children
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • US Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37638 - October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information on youth base camps around 2002 in that region, where they were located, and what took place at these camps?
    • ZWE37447September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information about “kuripa ngozi” (or virgin pledging) – the customary practice of offering a young girl or grown women as compensatory payment in inter-family disputes as well as in the appeasement of avenging deceased spirits. Is it widespread?
      2. Is “kuripa ngozi” referred to in Zimbabwe’s Domestic Violence Act? Please provide the relevant clauses or section.
      1. At what age is a woman considered an adult in Zimbabwe? 5. At what age can a woman marry in Zimbabwe?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE101401.E - The National Youth Service (NYS) training program; the type of training involved; age of participants; whether the training program is mandatory; whether there are exemptions; and the penalty for refusing to serve or for desertion (2001 - 2006) - June 2006 (PDF)
    • ZWE101381.E - Documentation required and procedures to be followed by a parent wishing to travel abroad with a minor child in the absence, or without the consent, of the second parent (May 2006) - June 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
 
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Corruption
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
 
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Disabilities
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Library of Congress-Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report - Rights of People with Disabilities - June 2003 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Disability - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37065 - August 2010 (PDF)
      1. To what extent do people with a disability face societal discrimination or harm in Zimbabwe?
      2. To what extent does the Zimbabwean state provide protection to people with a disability who face discrimination or harm?
      3. Is there any evidence of people being discriminatorily denied the protection of the state for reason of their disability?
      4. What facilities / supports are provided to people with a disability by the Zimbabwean state and NGOs?
 
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Elections
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • CRS Report - Election Chronology - March 2002 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
    • Elections Timetable - July 2012 (PDF)
    • Parliamentary elections: March 2008 - August 2011 (PDF)
    • Presidential elections: March – June 2008 - August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37638 - October 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is the latest information on whether elections will take place in 2011?
    • ZWE33158 - May 2008 (PDF)
      1. Are there any reports of people being targeted for voting against a 2000 referendum?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • Country Fact Sheet - Zimbabwe - May 2007 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Election Guide – Recent elections
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • The Elephant in the Room: Reforming Zimbabwe’s Security Sector Ahead of Elections - 2013 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Centre
    • Information on the referendum which was held in March 2013, including information on whether campaigning was free and fair. - May 2013 (PDF)
 
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Ethnic Groups / Race
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National / Racial / Ethnic Minorities - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Ethnic Groups - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37065 - August 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is the situation for people of Indian ethnicity in Zimbabwe?
      2. Are there any reports of people of Indian ethnicity being harmed by members of Zanu-PF, war veterans or the Zimbabwean state?
      3. Is there any information indicating that people of Indian ethnicity tend to be regard as pro-MDC or anti-Zanu-PF?
      4. Please provide information on the level of state protection available to people of Indian ethnicity who may face harm from other members of society.
    • ZWE36822 - July 2010 (PDF)
      1. What information is there on “coloured” persons in Zimbabwe? In particular, what does the reference to “coloured” suggest in this context?
      2. What information is there on whether coloured people are being targeted for ill-treatment or for recruitment to the ZANU-PF for reason of their ethnicity?
      3. Would it be expected that a coloured Zimbabwean in their twenties would have experienced difficulty obtaining a passport in Zimbabwe in 2002?
    • ZWE36639 - May 2010 (PDF)
      1. Do coloured people in Zimbabwe face discrimination by the authorities or do the authorities fail to prevent such discrimination by others?
    • ZWE33158 - May 2008 (PDF)
      1. To what extent do “coloured” people or people of mixed racial origin face discrimination or harm?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE100933.E - Racism, discrimination against "mixed race (coloured)" and the availability of state protection (2004-2006) - February 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2014 (PDF)
 
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Albinos
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Albinos - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
 
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Asians
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Asians - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE100932.E - Situation of Asians (2004-2006) – February 2006 (PDF)
 
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Mahungwe
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37450October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide brief background information on the Mahungwe ethnic group.
 
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Ndebele
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Ndebele - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE39318September 2011 (PDF)
      1. What is the level and type of discrimination directed against Ndebele people in Zimbabwe, if any? Why are Ndebele discriminated against and by whom? Is this concentrated in certain regions?
    • ZWE37383September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide a brief summary on the Matabeleland/Gukurahundi massacres.
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities – Ndebele (PDF)
 
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Shona
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Shona - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE35590November 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information on the treatment of mixed ethnicity relationships (Shona and Caucasian) and any evidence to suggest members of such relationships have been targeted or killed because of their relationship?
 
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Whites
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Whites - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37556October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide current information of the treatment of white Christians in Harare, and especially in Dinolli, and information on whether there has been a change in the treatment between 2000 and the present.
    • ZWE35590November 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information on the treatment of mixed ethnicity relationships (Shona and Caucasian) and any evidence to suggest members of such relationships have been targeted or killed because of their relationship?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE103546.E - Treatment of white Zimbabweans who are not farmers and available state protection - July 2010 (PDF)
    • ZWE103547.E - Reports of mistreatment of white Zimbabwean women who are not farmers, in particular single women; available state protection - July 2010 (PDF)
 
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Gender
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE40004March 2012 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the situation for young women living alone, particularly in Harare.
      2. To what extent do the authorities provide protection to young women living alone, particularly in Harare?
    • ZWE38518April 2011 (PDF)
      1. Is it usual for authorities and Zanu PF supporters to target women who, while they have sympathies for the MDC, are not MDC members and have not attended MDC rallies?
    • ZWE37594October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there information on rape of women at Zanu-PF meetings or in similar political contexts? What has been the police reaction?
    • ZWE37447September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information about “kuripa ngozi” (or virgin pledging) – the customary practice of offering a young girl or grown women as compensatory payment in inter-family disputes as well as in the appeasement of avenging deceased spirits. Is it widespread?
      2. Is “kuripa ngozi” referred to in Zimbabwe’s Domestic Violence Act? Please provide the relevant clauses or section.
      3. Is there information that the police do not uphold the laws relating to domestic violence?
      4. At what age is a woman considered an adult in Zimbabwe? 5. At what age can a woman marry in Zimbabwe?
    • ZWE37973January 2010 (PDF)
      1. Can a woman be forced into marriage with her brother-in-law when her sister has died?
      2. Are the following factors likely to make a difference: if the brother-in-law has AIDS; if the brother-in-law is known to be abusive; if the woman is educated and/or independently wealthy; if the woman has been living overseas?
      3. Could a woman receive assistance from the authorities if she does not wish to remarry in these circumstances?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE103562.E - Domestic violence and sexual violence; state protection and availability of support services (2005 - August 2010) - August 2010 (PDF)
    • ZWE103547.E - Reports of mistreatment of white Zimbabwean women who are not farmers, in particular single women; available state protection - July 2010 (PDF)
    • ZWE102523.E - Domestic Violence Act - May 2007 (PDF)
    • ZWE100922.E - Prevalence of Arranged Marriages - February 2006 (PDF)
    • ZWE100923.E - The custom of wife "inheritance"; the government's attitude towards this custom; protection available to women who refuse to observe this custom (2004 - January 2006) - February 2006 (PDF)
    • ZWE100924.E - Whether critics of the government or human rights agencies are subject to direct or covert harassment by the authorities with specific reference to persons advocating for women's rights in divorce proceedings (2004-2006) - February 2006 (PDF)
    • ZWE100921.E - Availability of State Protection to Female Victims of Sexual and/or Domestic Abuse - February 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Zimbabwe: Briefing to the Pre-Session Working Group of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women – June 2011 (PDF)
 
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Human Rights
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
    • Human Rights - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
    • Politically motivated human rights violations - August 2011 (PDF)
    • Distribution of politically motivated human rights violations in 2010-2011 - August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE39611December 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on whether it is necessary to have a ZANU PF card to access health, food, and university education?
    • ZWE37330September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Would a person who privately expressed opposition to the government have been able to depart Zimbabwe easily in 2007?
    • ZWE36824 - July 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there information to suggest that a person would be prevented from relocating to another location in Zimbabwe outside the Hurungwe District?
    • ZWE36818 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Are there any reports of Zimbabweans having been targeted by ZANU-PF members or others due to links with the US?
      2. In particular, are there any reports of people involved in welfare work having been targeted for links to foreign countries?
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International – 2013 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Continued Clamp Down on Dissent – March 2011 (PDF)
  • Freedom House – 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch – 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • Perpetual Fear: Impunity and Cycles of Violence in Zimbabwe - 2011
    • False Dawn: The Zimbabwe Power-Sharing Government’s Failure to Deliver Human Rights Improvements - August 2009 (PDF)
    • Diamonds in the Rough: Human Rights Abuses in the Marange Diamond Fields of Zimbabwe - June 2009 (PDF)
    • Bashing Dissent: Escalating Violence and State Repression in Zimbabwe - May 2007 (PDF)
    • “You Will Be Thoroughly Beaten” The Brutal Suppression of Dissent in Zimbabwe - November 2006 (PDF)
    • Zimbabwe: Evicted and Forsaken - December 2005 (PDF)
    • Not Eligible: The Politicization of Food in Zimbabwe - October 2003 (PDF)
    • Fast Track Land Reform In Zimbabwe - March 2002 (PDF)
 
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Justice System
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Judiciary - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37383September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is Munyaradzi Musariri the Assistant Commissioner of Police? Please provide relevant information on him, including whether there is any evidence that he is a veteran of the war of independence.
    • ZWE37330September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information as to whether Criminal Investigation Officers are employed as undercover agents at Zimbabwe universities?
      2. Is so, what activities do they engage in?
    • ZWE33158 - May 2008 (PDF)
      1. Have businesses been forced to backdate or reduce prices?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE42721.E - Details About the Zimbabwe Central Intelligence Organisations - June 2004 (PDF)
 
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Law
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins (COI) Report - Constitution - July 2012 (PDF)
 
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Maps
Foreign Government Reports
 
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Medical Availability
US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Medical Issues - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE35371September 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please advise what level of medical care is available for type 1 diabetics in Zimbabwe? Is insulin widely available?
      2. What is the unemployment rate in Zimbabwe in general and for someone who is a young white farmer with an ongoing medical condition?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE42970.E - Health and Social Services Available to Individuals with HIV/AIDS - September 2004 (PDF)
International Government Organization Reports
  • World Health Organization Page
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • No Chance to Live, Newborn Deaths at Hopley Settlement, Zimbabwe – December 2010 (PDF)
 
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Political Figures and Parties
US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE39269September 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide available information on Thembinkosi Sibindi, including information regarding his political career and election campaign/s.
    • ZWE38877June 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information/reports on working conditions on the Mugabe family’s farms and on whether there are any reports of intimidation or harassment of employees on the Mugabe farms?
    • ZWE38529April 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on parliamentary candidate Tachiona Mharadze (also spelt Mharadza) and his election campaigning.
      2. Please provide information on Chief Fortune Charumbira
    • ZWE37880 - January 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information relating to the ZPS generally, particularly in relation to its politicization and alignment with the ZANU-PF regime.
      2. Please provide information relating to treatment of MDC prisoners within the ZPS.
    • ZWE37988 - December 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe (CAAZ), including information relating to its relationship to the government and the ZANU-PF party.
    • ZWE37383September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Would being a high ranking member of PF Zapu make you a target of ZANU-PF today?
      1. Is there any information that indicates that non-politically active family members of politically active people are subject to serious harm in Zimbabwe? Are family members of former and current members of the MDC and PF Zapu currently subject to serious harm in Zimbabwe?
    • ZWE37330September 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is it possible to know what level of interest or attention an expression of dislike of the ZANU-PF regime in private discussions at an institution such as the Midlands State University in 2006 would attract?
      2. What would be the possible consequences of the expression of such views?
    • ZWE36822 - July 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there information regarding whether the ZANU-PF have trucks and how such trucks would be marked or identified as ZANU-PF trucks?
      1. Is there information about ZANU-PF supporters forcing people to buy ZANU-PF cards? If so, please provide details on how and why this occurs.
      2. Is there information available to suggest that young men between the ages of 17-25 are targeted as the prime age for recruitment to the ZANU-PF party? Is there a particular profile of person that is of interest to the ZANU-PF party insofar as potential recruitment is concerned?
      3. Is there information that with the elections coming up in 2011 the ZANU-PF are looking to recruit more people?
      4. Please provide information regarding whether much has changed despite the power sharing government in Zimbabwe. Please provide information on what has changed.
      5. Is there information on whether the police are connected to the ZANU-PF party?
    • ZWE37005 - July 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide relevant information on rallies held in Highfields and Glenorah in late 2008.
    • ZWE37973January 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is ZANU-PF?
    • ZWE35970January 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is the current status of the joint MDC-ZANU-PF coalition government?
    • ZWE33158 - May 2008 (PDF)
      1. Are there any reports of people being harassed by unregistered trade unions to pay sums to ZANU PF supporters?
      2. Have there been any reports of business people being forced to attend pro government meetings?
      3. Has ZANU PF taken over businesses in Zimbabwe?
      4. Is there any information to suggest that people in management positions have faced discrimination for failing to support ZANU PF?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE103731.E - MDC Membership Cards - May 2011 (PDF)
    • ZWE103119.FE - Treatment of MDC Members - May 2009 (PDF)
    • Country Fact Sheet - Zimbabwe - May 2007 (PDF)
    • ZWE101400.E - MDC Lost Membership Cards - July 2006 (PDF)
    • ZWE100989.E - The Movement for Democratic Change – February 2006 (PDF)
 
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Refugees / IDPs
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Refugees and IDPs - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37556October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on which organisation administers the refugee visa regime in South Africa, and in particular in Durban. Can you provide any information on what the procedure is for applying for refugee status in South Africa?
    • ZWE37450October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on Zimbabwean nationals applying for asylum in South Africa, Botswana and Mozambique, including whether it is common for them to do so, and if not why not.
    • ZWE36705 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide up-to-date information on the treatment of Zimbabweans in South Africa.
    • ZWE35590November 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information on whether the government of national unity is actively seeking to encourage overseas Zimbabwean citizens to return to the country to assist in its reconstruction?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE103563.E - Treatment of People Returned to Zimbabwe - August 2010 (PDF)
    • ZWE101078.E - Mistreatment of Zimbabweans Deported from the UK - March 2006 (PDF)
 
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Religion
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Religion - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE39467November 2011 (PDF)
      1. Does the government of Zimbabwe discriminate against the Seventh Day Adventist Church and/or its members?
    • ZWE35590November 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information as to whether religious workers or pastors in the Worldwide Family of God Church in particular have faced pressure to publicly support the Zanu PF, or have experienced threats or mistreatment because of their refusal to publicly support Zanu PF?
 
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Sexual Orientation
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Sexual Orientation - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE104069.E - Zimbabwe: Treatment of sexual minorities, including legislation, state protection, and support services – May 2012 (PDF)
    • ZWE101009.E - Situation of gays and lesbians including societal attitudes, treatment by government or state security forces; availability of state protection (2004 - February 2006) - February 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organzation Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Criminal law and homosexuality - Sept 2012 (PDF)
    • Police brutality and homosexuality - Sept 2012 (PDF)
 
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Specific Country Issues - Child Soldiers
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE37118 - August 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the history of the NYSTP (or National Youth Service), including when it was formed, its recruitment practices and its target group for recruitment (such as age range). Please also comment on the relative proportions of people who actually undergo service with the NYSTP, compared with people of the same age who do not. Please also comment on the extent to which young people who do not undergo service with the NYSTP face reprisals or limited work/education opportunities.
    • ZWE36824 - July 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is Soraidema is part of the Hurungwe District in Mashonaland West and that this is well known for the training centre for the National Youth Service known as the Border Gezi Youth.
      2. Please provide independent country information regarding whether conditions in the National Youth Service known as the Border Gezi Youth training facilities are reported to include poor construction, frequent hunger, and sexual abuse of girls and women.
      3. Is there information on whether every person within the age group 10-30 living in the Hurungwe District is forced to go to the training camp?
    • ZWE36822 - July 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on whether there is a distinction between the Green Bombers and the Zimbabwe National Youth Service, and if there is, what is the distinction.
      2. Is there evidence that young men are being intimidated to join the Green Bombers in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, and if so what information is there on the means used to intimidate? In particular, please provide information on whether there have been abductions where young men have been forced to join the Green Bombers militia.
      3. Is there information on whether ZANU-PF supporters are giving potential recruits green T-shirts and forcing the recipients to wear them?
      1. Please provide information on whether the Green Bombers terrorise and brutalise people.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE103749.E - Youth militia activities, including those of the National Youth Service (NYS) and of the Green Bombers; training programs and incidents of violence since February 2009; whether youth militia target supporters of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) - May 2011 (PDF)
    • ZWE101403.E - The Green Bombers or the youth militia; whether it is still operating; its leadership; whether it commits human rights abuses and if so, whether the militia's abuses have been reported to the police and police response; whether it targets MDC supporters (2001 - 2006) - June 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
 
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Movement for Democratic Change
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
    • MDC disengages from the GNU - July 2012 (PDF)
    • Movement for Democratic Change - July 2012 (PDF)
    • Human rights violations committed by MDC supporters - July 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE39557November 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please refer to Country Advice ZWE38123. Are there any updates to this response in relation to attacks against family members of MDC activists, in Harare, during 2011?
    • ZWE38529April 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide an update on current information on the treatment on MDC members in Zimbabwe (and especially in Masvingo West) by ZANU-PF supporters.
      1. Please provide information on the level of MDC and ZANU-PF political activity/violence, in the most recent elections (2008) in Masvingo West in the MudengeKraal village in Zimbabwe.
      1. Please provide information on the history of the MDC, key events in its history, and key objectives.
    • ZWE37952January 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please ask the post to confirm how a person joins the MDC to obtain such a membership card and whether this might sometimes occur inadvertently simply by signing an MDC petition.
    • ZWE37880January 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information relating to treatment of MDC prisoners within the ZPS.
    • ZWE37638 - October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the area of Kamoto, Chiweshe, Mashonaland Central, in particular on whether it has been regarded as an MDC stronghold.
      2. Is there information on attacks there on MDC supporters by ZANU PF in 2002/2003 or any recent attacks?
    • ZWE37594October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there any very recent specific information on Zanu-PF intimidation of low profile MDC supporters in the area of Chitungwiza (30 kilometers from Harare) or Harare itself?
    • ZWE37451 - October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide the latest material update on the situation in Zimbabwe for members of the MDC and their treatment by ZANU PF and the police and military.
      2. Is there information on any relevant activities of the MDC in Mashonaland West and in particular the district of Chinhoyi? Are you able to confirm what position J. Karemba holds with the MDC in that office?
      3. Please provide some background information on the split that occurred in the MDC in 2005 resulting in the MDC-T and the MDC-M? Please provide information on any significant evolution and the present status of the split.
    • ZWE37118 - August 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the risk of harm to active pro-MDC supporters and activists in Zimbabwe. Please also comment on the situation for people who sympathise with or secretly support the MDC but do not openly express those views.
      1. Please comment on the reasonableness of relocation within Zimbabwe as a means of avoiding persecution for known or suspected pro-MDC views. Are there any parts of Zimbabwe safe for such a person? Please also provide information on whether relocation to another part of Zimbabwe, such as Bulawayo, might reduce the risk of forced recruitment with the NYSTP. Please also comment on any tribal factors that might make relocation to Bulawayo non-viable for a Shona.
      2. Please provide information about the MDC party, including its founding, key milestones, key leaders, party structure and details of the main MDC candidates/figures in the Harare district since 2000.
    • ZWE37005 - July 2010 (PDF)
      1. What are the activities of the MDC Women’s Association?
      2. Have the Association’s members been targeted by ZANU-PF members/supporters?
      1. Are family members of MDC activists currently subject to harm by authorities, ZANU-PF supporters?
    • ZWE36759 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide a general update on the situation for Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) members, both rank and file members and prominent leaders, in respect to their possible treatment and risk of serious harm in Zimbabwe.
    • ZWE36639 - May 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is the position in Zimbabwe for persons who are supporters of the MDC Party?
    • ZWE35970January 2010 (PDF)
      1. Has the treatment of MDC members changed in 2009? Are members liable to arrest, detention or other harassment as a result of their activities?
    • ZWE35940January 2010 (PDF)
      1. To what extent do MDC members or supporters continue to be targeted in Zimbabwe?
    • ZWE35590November 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there any updated information as to treatment of ordinary MDC supporters generally, and in the Mutare area in particular, since the formation of the government of national unity?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE103749.E - Zimbabwe: Youth militia activities, including those of the National Youth Service (NYS) and of the Green Bombers; training programs and incidents of violence since February 2009; whether youth militia target supporters of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) – May 2011 (PDF)
    • ZWE103731.E - Whether the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) is still active in Canada; whether MDC branches outside of Zimbabwe can verify the identity and replace the lost membership cards of those members who were originally issued cards in Zimbabwe; whether the MDC membership cards display the date of original membership; whether MDC branches would report the original membership date if requested; location of other MDC branches and chapters - May 2011 (PDF)
    • ZWE103119.FE - Whether members of the Movement for Democratic Change were arrested and abused by the authorities after the signing of the power-sharing agreement in September 2008 and after the inauguration of the coalition government in February 2009 - May 2009 (PDF)
    • ZWE101400.E - Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) policy regarding requests from abroad to replace lost membership cards originally issued in Zimbabwe; location of MDC branches and chapters; whether the MDC would indicate, if requested, the date of original membership of the lost card; whether the MDC writes letters to support members' asylum claims - July 2006 (PDF)
    • ZWE100989.E - The official Website of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC); whether the MDC has opened branches abroad, particularly in Canada and if so the names of the office bearers in Canada; the purpose of these branches abroad and whether these offices support refugee claims abroad (2005 - 2006) – February 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Centre
    • Information regarding the possibility of internal relocation for MDC members in Zimbabwe. – May 2013 (PDF)
 
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Treatment of Returnees
Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE38518April 2011 (PDF)
      1. Are all those who return to Zimbabwe from overseas considered MDC supporters or MDC spies?
    • ZWE37594 - October 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there any more recent information on returnees (including failed asylum seekers) to Zimbabwe?
    • ZWE37005 - July 2010 (PDF)
      1. Are there reports that officers from the Central Intelligence Office harass returned students from overseas? Are returning students suspected/accused of spying for western states?
    • ZWE36759 - June 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide an update on the present situation in respect of Zimbabwean nationals who have lived and studied in Australia being regarded as spies in Zimbabwe upon their return to that country.
    • ZWE36639 - May 2010 (PDF)
      1. Is there any evidence to suggest that Zimbabwean nationals returning from Australia who are suspected of having made a refugee claim in Australia will be persecuted?
    • ZWE35970January 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is the regime’s attitude towards failed asylum seekers from Australia or other Western countries?
    • ZWE35590November 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there any recent information on whether persons who have left Zimbabwe, or who travel outside Zimbabwe face harm or adverse attention on return, or are classified as “snitches” simply because of overseas travel or the perception they would be opposed to the Government because they have travelled overseas?
      1. Is there any recent information as to whether persons who have studied overseas are perceived to be opposed to the Government, or have faced adverse treatment on return simply because they have lived outside Zimbabwe for a number of years in countries like Australia?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZWE103563.E - Treatment of people returned to Zimbabwe upon their arrival at Harare Airport, including whether citizens are interrogated (2008 - August 2010) - August 2010 (PDF)
    • ZWE101078.E - Mistreatment of Zimbabweans Deported from the UK - March 2006 (PDF)
 
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ZANU PF
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report
    • ZANU-PF win 1990s elections - July 2012 (PDF)
    • ZANU-PF: the battle for a successor to Mr Mugabe - July 2012 (PDF)
    • Other government forces and pro-ZANU-PF groups - July 2012 (PDF)
    • Human rights violations by security forces and pr-ZANU-PF groups - July 2012 (PDF)
    • ZANU-PF calls for elections and associated violence - July 2012 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE39467November 2011 (PDF)
      1. Is/was there a ZANU-PF military campsite at Braeside, Harare?
    • ZWE39076July 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on ZANU-PF related violence, intimidation, and forcible recruitment etc. in and around Chivhu in the period between 2007 - present.
      2. Does the President’s wife originate from the Chivhu area, and would this be part of the reason ZANU-PF has been campaigning so heavily in the area, as it would be a major embarrassment for the President to not win the support of this area? Please comment on this also.
    • ZWE38877June 2011 (PDF)
      1. Are there reports dealing with allegations that people are discriminated against in terms of access to education and health care because of their failure to support the ZANU-PF, or are coerced to abandon church attendance and prayers to attend ZANU-PF rallies.?
    • ZWE38611May 2011 (PDF)
      1. Is there country information about farmers/land owners in Bikita in the district of Masvingo being targeted by ZANU-PF supporters?
      2. Is there any information about clashes between ZANU-PF supporters and MDC supporters in Bikita in the district of Masvingo?
 
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Speech / Press / Internet
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal – Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ZWE39568November 2011 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on “H-Metro” and its distribution.
      2. Has the H-Metro website been suspended?
      3. If so, when did this happen and why?
      1. Is there any information indicating that it is possible to pay to have articles included in this or other Zimbabwean publications?
    • ZWE35356 - August 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there any information on the Zanu PF Central Intelligence Operatives (or other operatives) infiltrating such internet groups and targeting participants?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • Country Fact Sheet - Zimbabwe - May 2007 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Freedom House
    • Freedom of the Net - 2013 (PDF)
    • Freedom of the Press - 2013 (PDF)
 
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Timeline
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Chronology of major events - August 2011 (PDF)
Media
 
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Trafficking
US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Trafficking in Persons - 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Trafficking in Persons Report - Zimbabwe - 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Border Agency Country of Origins Information (COI) Report - Trafficking - July 2012 (PDF), August 2011 (PDF)
 
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