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International Courts | Regional Courts

International Courts and Tribunals

Universal Jurisdictions | Ad Hoc Criminal Tribunals and Special Courts

Universal Jurisdictions

Ad Hoc Criminal Tribunals and Special Courts

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Regional Courts

General | Economic | Human Rights

General

Economic

  • The Court of Justice of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
    "The Court of Justice, as the judicial institution of the Common Market is the backbone of that system of safeguards. Its Judges shall ensure that the law is not interpreted and applied differently in each Member State, that as a shared legal system, it remains a Common Market system and that it is always identical for all in circumstances. In order to fulfill that role, the Court of Justice has jurisdiction to hear disputes to which the undertakings and individuals may be parties."
  • European Free Trade Agreement Court
    "The EFTA Court has jurisdiction with regard to EFTA States which are parties to the EEA Agreement (at present Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). The Court is mainly competent to deal with infringement actions brought by the EFTA Surveillance Authority against an EFTA State with regard to the implementation, application or interpretation of an EEA rule, for the settlement of disputes between two or more EFTA States, for appeals concerning decisions taken by the EFTA Surveillance Authority and for giving advisory opinions to courts in EFTA States on the interpretation of EEA rules. Thus the jurisdiction of the EFTA Court mainly corresponds to the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Communities over EC States."
  • North American Free Trade Agreement Secretariat
    "The NAFTA Secretariat, comprised of the Canadian, U.S. and Mexican Sections, is an unique organization, established by the Free Trade Commission, pursuant to Article 2002, Chapter 20 of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). It is responsible for the administration of the dispute settlement provisions of the Agreement. The mandate of the NAFTA Secretariat also includes the provision of assistance to the Commission and support for various non-dispute related committees and working groups."

Human Rights

  • European Court of Human Rights
    "The European Convention on Human Rights establishes a single and permanent system to control and protect human rights: the European Court of Human Rights. Anyone who believes that his or her rights have been breached under the Convention may lodge a complaint, provided no further legal remedies are available in the national courts. The Court decides if the case is admissible, and, if it is, establishes the facts and tries to bring about a friendly settlement. If that fails, the Court takes a binding decision."
  • Inter-American Court of Human Rights (In Spanish and English)
    "[The Court is] an autonomous judicial institution whose purpose is the application and interpretation of the American Convention on Human Rights."
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Updated: December 2013