The United States Parole Commission (USPC) was established in May 1976 by the Parole Commission and Reorganization Act. Prior to that time, the agency was known as the United States Board of Parole, which was created by Congress in 1930. The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 eliminated parole for federal crimes committed after November 1, 1987 and gave USPC authority to supervise state offenders transferred to federal supervision under the witness protection program. The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 gave USPC authority to make release date determinations and set supervised release terms for transfer treaty prisoners who committed their foreign crimes on or after November 1, 1987. The National Capital Revitalization and Self-Government Improvement Act of 1997 transferred to the USPC the functions of the D.C. Board of Parole beginning August 5, 1998.
The mission of the USPC is to promote public safety and strive for justice and fairness in the exercise of its authority to release and supervise offenders under its jurisdiction.
The major functions of the USPC are to:
The USPC has jurisdiction over:
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