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Streamlining of Administrative Activities and Federal Financial Assistance Functions in the Office of Justice Programs and the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
Report No. 03-27
Office of the Inspector General
Advancing Community Policing (ACP). This program began in FY 1997 and was designed to help law enforcement agencies align their systems and processes to be more consistent with their organizational values and further their primary mission to increase public safety, reduce crime, and solve crime problems. The grants funded innovations at all levels of recipient organizations that worked to change the traditional, response-oriented culture to one that values the partnerships and analysis that result in tailored interventions.
Anti-Gang Initiatives. This program began in FY 1996 and was designed to bring effective community policing strategies to the front line in the battle against gangs.
Accelerated Hiring, Education, and Deployment (AHEAD). This program was open to law enforcement agencies serving populations of more than 150,000. Applicants were required to submit a "Letter of Intent to Participate" to the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) providing information regarding the number of officers requested through this grant program. The AHEAD program was designed to provide funding directly to local, State, and tribal jurisdictions for officers engaged in community policing. The grants were to provide State funding for 75 percent of a newly hired entry-level officer's salary and benefits, up to a maximum amount of $75,000 per officer, over the course of the three-year grant period. This program was merged into the Universal Hiring Program in 1995.
COPS in Schools (CIS). This program was developed for law enforcement agencies that were eligible to apply for funding through a Universal Hiring Program grant. The CIS program is designed to fund the hiring of community policing officers to work in school. The maximum award per officer is $125,000 with any remainder to be paid with State or local funds.
Distressed Neighborhoods Pilot Project (DNP). This was a 1998 program that funded projects in cities with higher crime rates, poverty, and unemployment. The targeted cities received Universal Hiring Program grants with full waivers of COPS's local funding match requirements.
Community Policing to Combat Domestic Violence (DV). This was a 1996 program that funded innovative community policing efforts to curb domestic violence by developing partnerships between law enforcement agencies and community organizations.
Evaluation and Research Grants. This program was designed to fund policing agencies, universities, and criminal justice facilities to evaluate community policing and conduct research that relates to the field.
Funding Accelerated for Smaller Towns (FAST). This program was developed by COPS, as directed by Congress, to simplify the application process to be used by jurisdictions serving populations under 150,000. Agencies were required to submit a one-page application form to apply for a grant. The FAST program was designed to provide funding directly to local, State, and tribal jurisdictions for officers engaged in community policing. The grants were to provide State funding for 75 percent of a newly hired entry-level officer's salary and benefits, up to a maximum amount of $75,000 per officer, over the course of the three-year grant period. This program was merged into the Universal Hiring Program in 1995.
Hiring in the Spirit of Service. This program began in FY 2000 and explores changes in how law enforcement officers are recruited and hired.
Police Integrity Training Initiative (INTEGRITY). This program began in FY 1997 and provides innovative community policing training to communities, local governments, and law enforcement professionals.
Justice Based After-School Program (JBAS). This program began in FY 2000 and is a pilot program in six cities to develop a preventive approach to juvenile crime and victimization to improve overall quality of life in high-crime neighborhoods.
Methamphetamine Grants (METH). This program began in FY 1998 to help local law enforcement agencies and task forces develop innovative community policing responses to problems related to methamphetamine production and use.
Making Officer Redeployment Effective (MORE). This program was developed for all law enforcement agencies, regardless of the population size of the jurisdiction. The program is intended to expand the amount of time current law enforcement officers can spend on community policing by funding technology, equipment, and support staff, including civilian personnel. Grants have been awarded for up to 75 percent of the cost of equipment and technology, support resources (including civilian personnel), or to pay overtime.15 For each $25,000 in State funds received, agencies are to redeploy the equivalent of one full-time officer.
Phase I. This program began in FY 1995 and was the initial program to hire police officers under the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. Awards were made to applicants not funded under the Police Hiring Supplement program, a 1993 grant program to fund the hiring of police officers that was administered by the Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance. The awards funded up to 75 percent of the total salary and benefits of each officer awarded over three years, up to a maximum of $75,000 per officer or 50 percent of the total salary and benefit costs. Grants are no longer awarded under this program.
Problem-Solving Partnerships (PSP). This was a 1996 program that funded partnership development between local law enforcement agencies and community organizations to address persistent crime and disorder problems.
Regional Community Policing Institutes (RCPI). This program began in FY 1997 and is a national network of institutes that provide innovative community policing training and technical assistance to law enforcement agencies and community members.
School Based Partnerships (SBP). This was a 1998 and 1999 program that helped policing agencies work with schools and community-based organizations to address persistent school-related crime problems.
Secure Our Schools (SOS). This program provides up to 50 percent of the total cost for municipalities to install metal detectors, locks, lighting, and other equipment to help deter crime in schools. The grants can also be used to pay half of the cost of security assessments, security training, and any other measure that will provide a significant improvement in security at schools.
Small Community Grant Program (SCGP). This program was developed for communities of less than 50,000 to supplement Phase I, FAST, or Universal Hiring Program grants by paying for a portion of the fourth-year salaries and benefits of existing COPS-funded officers. These one-time grants are specifically for the retention of COPS-funded police officer positions.
Technology Grants (TECH). This program began in FY 1998 and funds projects to develop technologies that will advance community policing and help fight crime.
Tribal Mental Health Community Safety Initiative (TMHCSI). This was a 2000 program designed to make tribal communities safer and healthier by funding training, equipment, technology, as well as by hiring additional community policing or school resource officers.
Tribal Resources Grant Program (TRGP). This program began in FY 1999 and is designed to help tribal law enforcement agencies fund training and equipment for new and existing officers as well as salary and benefits for new community policing officers.
Troops to COPS (TROOPS). This was a 1995 and 1999 joint program with the Department of Defense to provide incentives for COPS grantees to hire recently separated members of the armed forces. TROOPS provided up to $5,000 per officer to train former members of the United States armed forces to work in local law enforcement.
Universal Hiring Program (UHP). This program was developed for all law enforcement agencies, regardless of the population size of the jurisdiction. UHP grants were designed to provide funding directly to local, State, and tribal jurisdictions for officers engaged in community policing. The grants provide State funding for 75 percent of a newly hired entry-level officer's salary and benefits, up to a maximum amount of $75,000 per officer, over the course of the three-year grant period.
Value Based Initiatives (VBI). This program began in FY 2000 and strives to improve the quality of life in various jurisdictions by helping build partnerships between law enforcement agencies and other organizations serving their communities.
Youth Firearms Violence Initiative (YFVI). This was a 1995 program that funded innovative community policing efforts to curb the rise in violence associated with young people and firearms.
311. This was a 1996 and 1998 program that provided funds for establishing a 311 phone number system nationwide as a non-emergency number. This new number was designed to eliminate the dependence on the 911 system for non-emergencies.