FOIA Update: Index to FOIA Update (1979-1983)

January 1, 1984

FOIA Update
Vol. V, No. 1
1984


Index to FOIA Update

Volumes I-IV

1979-1983

This cumulative index covers all issues of FOIA Update from its inception in late 1979 through the end of 1983. The citation at each entry is to the volume, the number and the page of the issue. A second citation is provided where an item has been updated or superseded.

POLICY GUIDANCE

When to Assert the Deliberative Privilege Under FOIA Exemption Five:  Vol. I, No. 1, p. 3

Business Confidentiality After Chrysler:  Vol. I, No. 2, p. 3 (see also Vol. III, No. 3, p. 3)

Status of Internal Audit Reports Under the FOIA:  Vol. I, No. 3, p. 3

Release of Exempt Information to Members of Congress:  The Impact of the Murphy Decision:  Vol. I, No. 4, p. 3 (see also Vol. V, No. 1, p. 3)

Guidance on Fee Waivers:  Vol. II, No. 1, p. 3 (superseded; see Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 3)

Similar Files:  A Concept in Peril:  Vol. II, No. 2, p. 3

Attorney General's Memo on FOIA:  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 3

Submitters' Rights:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 3

Privacy Protection Considerations:  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 3

Fee Waiver Policy Guidance:  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 3 (see also Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5; Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14)

The Privacy Act and FOIA Exemption 3:  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 3

When to Expedite FOIA Requests:  Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 3

Copyrighted Materials and the FOIA:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 3

FOIA COUNSELOR

Consultations Still Informal:  Vol. I, No. 1, p. 2

What is a FOIA Request? Vol. I, No. 2, p. 2

Privacy Act/FOIA:  Conflict or Harmony? Vol. I, No. 3, p. 5 (superseded; see Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 3)

The "High" and "Low" of Exemption Two:  Vol. I, No. 4, p. 6 (see also Vol. V, No. 1, p. 10)

What is an Agency Record? Vol. II, No. 1, p. 5

Disclosure of Prices:  Vol. II, No. 2, p. 5 (superseded; see Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 10)

Federal Job Data May Be Disclosed:  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 4 (see also Vol. III, No. 4, p. 3)

Paths to Information:  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 10

Discovery, the Privacy Act and FOIA:  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 3

Protecting "Outside" Advice:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 10

Factoring in the "Public Interest:  " Vol. III, No. 4, p. 6

Fee Waiver Procedural Considerations:  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 4

The Effect of Prior Disclosure:  Waiver of Exemptions:  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 6

Attorney Work-Product Protection:  Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 6

Unit Prices Under Exemption 4:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 10

FOIA COUNSELOR Q & A

Are personal notes subject to the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 3, P. 5

What are the rights of foreign nationals under the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 3, p. 5

What document referral practices should be followed? Vol. III, No. 3, p. 5 (see also Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5)

Can the privacy of a public figure be protected under the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Can the public interest balanced under Exemptions 6 and 7(C) compel nondisclosure? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Does FOIA privacy protection extend to corporations? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Can the privacy of deceased persons be protected under the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Must mailing lists be disclosed under the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

What showing is necessary to satisfy the threshold requirement of Exemption 7? Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 6

Are drafts absolutely protected under Exemption 5? Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 6

Can a FOIA requester go to court before the completion of the administrative process? Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 6

To what standards are agencies generally held on "adequacy of search" issues? Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 6

How are minimum payment thresholds established for FOIA fees? Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5

Can an agency refuse to admit the existence of records? Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5

Is one agency's recommendation to another agency a final opinion? Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5

Can an agency deny a FOIA request which requires a burdensome search or encompasses an enormous volume of records? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

May an agency invoke Exemption 7(D) to protect the identity of, and information provided by, a deceased informant? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

How should an agency respond to a FOIA request for records which are subject to a court order prohibiting disclosure? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

What action can be taken against an employee who improperly denies a FOIA request? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

Should the practice of referring requested documents be altered by the McGehee decision? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

What "cutoff" practices should be followed? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

Can Exemption 4 be applied to personal financial information? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

Does commercial information lose its Exemption 4 status with the passage of time? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

How should the fourth criterion of the Justice Department's fee waiver guidance be applied to the media? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

Can commercial information be protected under Exemption 5? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

Is there a "third prong" of the National Parks test? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 15

GUEST ARTICLES

Information Policy Around the World:  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 7

An Overview of Executive Order 12356:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 6

The Case Against National Parks:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 8

APPROACHING THE BENCH

Guidelines for Agencies in Litigation:  Vol. I, No. 1, p. 7

Affidavits:  Vol. I, No. 2, p. 7; Vol. I, No. 3, p. 7

Open America Stays:  Vol. I, No. 4, p. 7

In Camera Inspection:  Vol. II, No. 1, p. 7

Initial Litigation Strategies:  Vol. II, No. 2, p. 7

Determining Attorney's Fees:  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 3

Eligibility and Entitlement (Attorney's Fees):  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 3

LEGISLATIVE MATTERS

FOIA Oversight Committees Named:  Vol. II, No. 2, p. 2

Hearings Scheduled on FOIA:  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 1

Highlights of Testimony:  Agency-FOIA Areas of Concern:  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 1

Congress Approves FOIA-Tax Action:  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 6

FOIA Reform Proposed (Discussion and Full Text):  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 3

FOIA Reform Bill Moves Forward:  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 1

Senate Committee Approves Broad FOIA Reform Bill:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 1

FOIA Reform Bill Advances Toward Passage in Senate:  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 1

Senate Committee Approves FOIA Bill:  Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 1

SURVEYS

Problems With Time:  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 4

Recordkeeping Procedures Examined:  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 1

Submitter Notice Practices:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 4 (see also Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 1)

Privacy Protection Practices Examined:  Vol. III, No. 4, p.1

Survey Shows Training Needs:  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 8

Fees:  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 1

Predisclosure Business Notification Procedures:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 1

UPDATES

Supreme Court Update:  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 10; Vol. III, No. 2, p. 5; Vol. III, No. 3, p. 9; Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 1; Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 11

Basic FOIA References. Vol. I, No. 1, p. 5; Vol. I, No. 3, p. 6; Vol. III, No. 3, p. 12

FOIA Legal and Administrative Contacts at Federal Agencies:  Vol. III, No. 4, pp. i-iv

Update on FOIA Case List Citations:  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 2

REFERENCE BY EXEMPTIONS
Exemption 1

Military Audit Project v. Casey (partial disclosure does not render implausible a claim of national security protection):  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 6

Stein v. Department of Justice (courts not required to conduct "true" de novo review in Exemption 1 cases):  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 4

Guest Article:  An Overview of Executive Order 12356:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 6

Taylor v. Department of the Army (Exemption 1 can be applied to compilations of documents not classified in component parts):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 4

Salisbury v. United States (classification of information similar to that previously disclosed; the "mosaic" approach; excluding counsel from in camera proceedings):  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 5

Afshar v. Department of State (classification of information similar to that publicly disclosed):  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 4

Can an agency refuse to admit the existence of records? Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5

Exemption 2

The "High" and "Low" of Exemption Two:  Vol. I, No. 4, p. 6 (see also Vol. V, No. 1, p. 10)

Crooker v. BATF (two-part test for law enforcement manuals):  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 4

Exemption 3

Piccolo v. U.S. Department of Justice (grand jury materials):  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 6

Phillippi v. CIA (refusal to confirm or deny; 50 U.S.C. § 403(d)(3)):  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 5

Fund for Constitutional Government v. National Archives & Records Service (grand jury materials):  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 5

Baldrige v. Shapiro (census data):  Vol. II, No. 2, p. 5

Greentree v. U.S. Customs Service (Privacy Act held not an Exemption 3 statute):  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 8

Washington Post Co. v. Department of State (diplomatic "Emergency Fund" expenditures; "displacement" theory):  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 5; Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 11

The Privacy Act and FOIA Exemption 3:  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 3

Copyrighted Materials and the FOIA:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 3

Porter v. Department of Justice (Privacy Act held not an Exemption 3 statute):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 6

Provenzano v. Department of Justice (Privacy Act held not an Exemption 3 statute):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 6

Sims v. CIA (definition of "intelligence source" in National Security Act of 1947):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 6

Exemption 4

Business Confidentiality After Chrysler:  Vol. I, No. 2, p. 3 (see also Vol. III, No. 3, p. 3)

Note Concerning Prosecutions Under 18 U.S. C. § 1905, the Trade Secrets Act:  Vol. I, No. 2, p. 6

Disclosure of Prices:  Vol. II, No. 2, p. 5 (superseded; see Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 10)

Worthington Compressors, Inc. v. Costle ("reverse engineering"):  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 9

Submitters' Rights:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 3

Submitter Notice Practices:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 4 (see also Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 1)

Public Citizen Health Research Group v. FDA ("trade secrets" definition narrowed):  Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 4

Protecting Business Information:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 1

Predisclosure Business Notification Procedures:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 1

Copyrighted Materials and the FOIA:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 3

The Case Against National Parks:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 8

Unit Prices Under Exemption 4:  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 10

Can Exemption 4 be applied to personal financial information? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

Does commercial information lose its Exemption 4 status with the passage of time? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

Is there a "third prong" of the National Parks test? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 15

Exemption 5

When to Assert the Deliberative Privilege Under FOIA Exemption Five:  Vol. I, No. 1, p. 3

Impact of Federal Open Market Committee v. Merrill:  Vol. I, No. 1, p. 5

Status of Internal Audit Reports Under the FOIA:  Vol. I, No. 3, p. 3

Taxation with Representation Fund v. IRS (predecisional documents relied on as final opinions):  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 6

County of Madison v. U.S. Department of Justice (settlement documents):  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 6

Pies v. IRS (draft documents):  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 4

Grolier, Inc. v. FTC (attorney work-product):  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 8; Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 1

Martorano v. Department of Justice (attorney work-product):  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 8

Playboy Enterprises v. Department of Justice (selection of facts):  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 8

Government Land Bank v. GSA (realty appraisals):  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 9

Protecting "Outside" Advice:  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 10

Skelton v. U.S. Postal Service (final opinion; incorporation by reference):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 4

Weber Aircraft Corp. v. United States (privilege for aircraft accident safety investigations):  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 5; Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 2; Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 11

Conoco Inc. v. Department of Justice (uncirculated handwritten notes):  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 5

Are drafts absolutely protected under Exemption 5? Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 6

Is one agency's recommendation to another agency a final opinion? Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5

Attorney Work-Product Protection:  Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 6

Can commercial information be protected under Exemption 5? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

Exemption 6

Similar Files:  A Concept in Peril:  Vol. II, No. 2, p. 3

Federal Job Data May Be Disclosed:  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 4 (see also Vol. III, No. 4, p. 3)

Washington Post Co. v. U.S. Department of State (similar files):  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 5; Vol. III, No. 3, p. 9

Brown v. FBI (privacy of victim who testified at trial):  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 9

Privacy Protection Practices Examined:  Vol. III, No. 4, p.1

Privacy Protection Considerations:  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 3

Holy Spirit Ass'n v. FBI (identities of persons reporting illegal activities):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 4

Arieff v. Department of the Navy ("mosaic" principle in Exemption 6 context):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 4; Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 6

Can the privacy of a public figure be protected under the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Can the public interest balanced under Exemptions 6 and 7(C) compel nondisclosure? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Can FOIA privacy protection extend to corporations? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Can the privacy of deceased persons be protected under the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Must mailing lists be disclosed under the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Factoring in the "Public Interest":   Vol. III, No. 4, p. 6

Washington Post v. HHS (personal financial data; balancing factors):  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 5

Minnis v. United States Department of Agriculture (mailing list):  Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 4

American Federation of Government Employees v. United States (labor union access to home addresses of employees it represents):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 7

Stern v. FBI (disclosure of identities of censured FBI agents):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 7

Exemption 7

Status of Internal Audit Reports Under the FOIA:  Vol. I, No. 3, p. 3

Abramson v. FBI (derivative Exemption 7 protection):  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 5; Vol. III, No. 3, p. 9

Fund for Constitutional Government v. National Archives & Records Service (7(C)/public officials who were investigated but not indicted):  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 5

Radovich v. U.S. Attorney, District of Maryland (7(D)/information furnished by confidential source):  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 9

Bast v. U.S. Department of Justice (7(C)/importance of judicial impartiality in privacy balance):  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 4

Pratt v. Webster (Exemption 7 threshold for criminal law enforcement agencies):  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 4

Miller v. Bell (7(C)/"watchdog" activities; 7(D)/ promise of confidentiality inherent in FBI interview):  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 5

Holy Spirit Ass'n v. FBI (7(C)/identities of persons reporting illegal activities):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 4

Alirez v. NLRB (7(C)/extent of withholding required to mask individual's identity):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 4

Can the privacy of a public figure be protected under the FOIA? (7(C)):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Can the public interest balanced under Exemptions 6 and 7(C) compel nondisclosure? Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Can FOIA privacy protection extend to corporations? (7(C)):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Can the privacy of deceased persons be protected under the FOIA? (7(C)):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 5

Factoring in the "Public Interest" (7(C)):  Vol. III, No. 4, p. 6

Conoco Inc. v. Department of Justice (extent of detail required in 7(D) affidavit):  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 5

What showing is necessary to satisfy the threshold requirement of Exemption 7? Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 6

U.S. Steel Corp., American Bridge Division v. Department of Labor (7(D)/conditional assurance of confidentiality):  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 4

Binion v. Department of Justice (Exemption 7 threshold for criminal law enforcement agencies):  Vol. IV, No. 9, p. 4

Diamond v. FBI (7(C) & 7(D)/age of records):  Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 4

May an agency invoke Exemption 7(D) to protect the identity of, and information provided by, a deceased informant? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

J.P. Stevens & Co. v. Perry (7(A)/generic determinations):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 7

Stern v. FBI (7(C)/disclosure of identities of censured FBI agents):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 7

Procedural Issues

Affidavits:  Vol. I, No. 2, p. 7; Vol. I, No. 3, p. 7

Privacy Act/FOIA Conflict or Harmony? Vol. I , No. 3, p. 5 (superseded; see Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 3)

Open America Stays:  Vol. I, No. 4, p. 7

Release of Exempt Information to Members of Congress:  The Impact of the Murphy Decision:  Vol. I, No. 4, p. 3 (see also Vol. V, No. 1, p. 3)

Guidance on Fee Waivers:  Vol. II, No. 1, p. 3 (superseded; see Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 3)

What is an Agency Record? Vol. II, No. 1, p. 5

In Camera Inspection:  Vol. II, No. 1, p. 7

Initial Litigation Strategies:  Vol. II, No. 2, p. 7

Attorney General's Memo on FOIA:  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 3

Determining Attorney's Fees:  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 3

Coastal States Gas Corp. v. Department of Energy (response to inadequate Vaughn index):  Vol. II, No. 3, p. 6

Eligibility and Entitlement (Attorney's Fees):  Vol. II, No. 4, p. 3

Paths to Information:  Vol. III, No. 1, p. 10

Discovery, the Privacy Act and FOIA:  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 3

Doyle v. Department of Justice (fugitive requester):  Vol. III, No. 2, p. 5

Are personal notes subject to the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 3, p. 5

What are the rights of foreign nationals under the FOIA? Vol. III, No. 3, p. 5

What document referral practices should be followed? Vol. III, No. 3, p. 5

Yeager v. DEA ("compacting" of exempt computerized information):  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 8

Wolfe v. HHS (transition team materials not "agency records"):  Vol. III, No. 3, p. 9; Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 6

Fees:  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 1

Fee Waiver Policy Guidance:  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 3 (see also Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5; Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14)

Fee Waiver Procedural Considerations:  Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 4

Can a FOIA requester go to court before the completion of the administrative process? Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 6

To what standards are agencies generally held on "adequacy of search" issues? Vol. IV, No. 1, p. 6

McGehee v. CIA (document referral):  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 4

Ingle v. Department of Justice (in camera inspection):  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 4

How are minimum payment thresholds established for FOIA fees? Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5

Can an agency refuse to admit the existence of records? Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 5

The Effect of Prior Disclosure:  Waiver of Exemptions:  Vol. IV, No. 2, p. 6

When to Expedite FOIA Requests:  Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 3

Weisberg v. U.S. Department of Justice (adequacy of search):  Vol. IV. No. 3, p. 4

Should the practice of referring requested documents be altered by the McGehee decision? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

Can an agency deny a FOIA request which requires a burdensome search or encompasses an enormous volume of records? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

How should an agency respond to a FOIA request for records which are subject to a court order prohibiting disclosure? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

What action can be taken against an employee who improperly denies a FOIA request? Vol. IV, No. 3, p. 5

Paisley v. CIA ("agency record" status of documents created in connection with a congressional investigation):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 7

United States v. U.S. District Court, Central District of California (FOIA and criminal discovery):  Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 7

What "cut off" date practices should be followed? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

How should the fourth criterion of the Justice Department's fee waiver guidance be applied to the media? Vol. IV, No. 4, p. 14

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