OLP works with the Attorney General in advising the President on nominations for Article III judgeships. After the President has submitted a nomination to the Senate, OLP works with the White House and the Senate Judiciary Committee in securing the nominee's confirmation. The data on this site provide an overview of the nomination and confirmation activity relating to each Congress since the 107th.
58 = Current vacancies in the 874 - member Article III federal judiciary.
Article III judiciary includes the Supreme Court of the United States, Circuit Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and the Court of International Trade.
138 = Nominations submitted in the 113th Congress
|Judicial Vacancies||Nominee Hearings||Confirmations|
58 Vacant (7%)
816 Filled (93%)
125 Had Hearing (91%)
13 No Hearing (9%)
106 Confirmed (23%)
32 Not Confirmed (23%)
|Circuit Vacancies||Circuit Hearings||Circuit Confirmations|
8 Vacant (4%)
171 No Filled (96%)
24 Had Hearing (100%)
0 No Hearing (0%)
22 Confirmed (92%)
5 Not Confirmed (8%)
|District Vacancies||District Hearings||District Confirmations|
49 Vacant (7%)
628 Filled (93%)
99 Had Hearing (89%)
12 No Hearing (11%)
82 Confirmed (74%)
29 Not Confirmed (26%)
|Current Vacancies||Nominees Since 1/2013||Confirmations|
|Supreme Court||0 (of 9)||0||0|
|Circuit Court of Appeals||8 (of 179) — 4%||24||22|
|District Court*||49 (of 677) — 7%||111||82|
|Court of Int’l Trade||1 (of 9) — 11%||3||2|
|TOTAL||58 (of 874) — 7%||138||106|
* Judges in territorial courts (Virgin Islands, Guam, and Northern Mariana Islands) are Article I judges with term appointments.
This site lists nominations for Article III courts only and does not include nominations for courts or other tribunals established pursuant to other articles of the U.S. Constitution.
A blue slip is the traditional method of allowing the home state senators of a judicial nominee to express their approval or disapproval. Blue slips are generally given substantial weight by the Judiciary Committee in its consideration of a judicial nominee. The process dates back several decades and is grounded in the tradition of "senatorial courtesy," which traces its roots back to the presidency of George Washington.
A judicial emergency is defined as the following:
- any vacancy in a court of appeals where adjusted filings per panel are in excess of 700; or
- any vacancy in existence more than 18 months where adjusted filings are between 500 to 700 per panel.
- any vacancy where weighted filings are in excess of 600 per judgeship;
- any vacancy in existence more than 18 months where weighted filings are between 430 and 600 per judgeship; or
- any court with more than one authorized judgeship and only one active judge.
The Federal Judiciary has posted a listing of Judicial Emergencies.
Archive (Judicial nominations from prior Congresses)