The United States Attorneys serve as the nation's principal litigators under the direction of the Attorney General. United States Attorneys are appointed by, and serve at the discretion of, the President of the United States, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. Each United States Attorney is the chief federal law enforcement officer of the United States within his or her particular jurisdiction.
United States Attorneys conduct most of the trial work in cases in which the United States is a party. By law, United States Attorneys have three primary responsibilities under Title 28, Section 547 of the United States Code:
• the prosecution of criminal cases brought by the Federal Government;
• the prosecution and defense of civil cases in which the United States is a party; and
• the collection of certain debts owed to the Federal Government which are administratively uncollectible.