The Civil Division consists of the General Civil Litigation Unit and the Affirmative Civil Unit.
The General Civil Litigation Unit represents the United States and its agencies, officers, and employees involved in civil litigation as either plaintiffs or defendants in many types of civil cases, including the following:
- defense of suits against the United States under the Federal Tort Claims Act
- defense of federal agencies in employment discrimination cases
- defense of federal medical facilities in medical malpractice actions
- defense of suits against health care facilities deemed federal
- defense of federal officers in Bivens-type civil rights actions
- civil prosecution to protect the private sector employment and re-employment rights of those who serve or have served in military service
- civil prosecution and defense of federal environmental cases
- judicial appeals of administrative decisions involving federal agencies
- habeas corpus petitions
- prisoner litigation
- bankruptcy court representation of federal creditors (primarily the IRS, SBA, HUD and the Rural Housing Service)
- defense of Social Security Administration in disability benefits appeals.
The Civil Division represents the agencies of the United States located in the District such as: the United States Postal Service, the Veteran's Administration, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Health and Human Services, Social Security Administration, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, Department of the Defense, etc.
The Affirmative Civil Enforcement (ACE) Unit represents the United States and its agencies as the plaintiff in cases where the government seeks to recover monies and civil penalties in cases involving federal program or procurement fraud, primarily under the False Claims Act. Although most of the other fraud cases involve health care fraud, we also handle food stamp fraud and frauds involving other federal programs. This section, along with General Civil Assistant U.S. Attorneys, also assist the Department of Justice in the enforcement of the Voting Rights Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Fair Housing Act and other civil rights statutes.