A FBI Organizational Structure and Investigative Jurisdiction
Organizational Structure and Budget: The FBI is a
field-oriented organization in which nine divisions and three offices at FBI
headquarters (FBIHQ) in Washington, D.C., provide program direction and
support services to 56 field offices, approximately 400 satellite offices
known as resident agencies, four specialized field installations, and 23
foreign liaison posts. The foreign liaison offices, each of which is headed
by a Legal Attache or Legal Liaison Officer, work abroad with American and
local authorities on criminal matters within FBI jurisdiction.
The FBI has approximately 10,100 Special Agents and 13,700 other
employees who perform professional, administrative, technical, clerical,
craft, trade, or maintenance operations. Approximately 7,300 employees are
assigned to FBIHQ, approximately 16,000 are assigned to field
The FBI's total annual funding for all operations, salaries, and
expenses is approximately $2.2 billion.
Investigative Jurisdiction of the FBI: The FBI's investigative
authority is the broadest of all federal law enforcement agencies.
Therefore, it has adopted a strategic approach which stresses long-term,
complex investigations. The FBI's investigative philosophy also emphasizes
close relations and information sharing with other federal, state, local and
international law enforcement and intelligence agencies. A significant
number of FBI investigations are conducted in concert with other law
enforcement agencies or as part of joint task forces.
The FBI has divided its investigations into seven programs:
These programs represent the FBI's responsibility as assigned by law.
Individual cases in a particular program may receive extensive investigative
attention because of their size, potential impact, or sensitivity.
- Applicant Matters
- Civil Rights
- Organized Crime/Drugs
- Violent Crimes and Major
- Financial Crime
Investigations are conducted within the Attorney General's Guidelines
which pertain to racketeering enterprises, general criminal investigations,
undercover operations, criminal information matters, extraterritorial
investigations, and domestic security/terrorism matters. The Guidelines
afford centralized direction, which allows for greater uniformity and
control of national and international law enforcement efforts.
Some sensitive investigative methods, such as undercover activities and
electronic surveillance, are subject to specific review and approval