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EOUSA Criminal Fine Responsibilities

The Executive Office for United States Attorneys (EOUSA) is responsible for establishing policies and procedures for the collection of criminal fines which includes fines, assessments, penalties, interest, restitution, bail bond forfeitures, and court costs in criminal cases. See 28 C.F.R. §§ 0.22 and 0.171; USAM  3-12.100. The Criminal Division of the Department of Justice remains responsible for establishing policy concerning the imposition of criminal fines.

Pursuant to this delegation of authority, EOUSA is responsible for the following functions:

  • Establishing Department of Justice policy and procedures on criminal fine collection issues, interpreting criminal fine collection laws, and proposing Department of Justice legislation relating to criminal fine collection;

  • Establishing guidelines, including the establishment of monetary limits, for the compromise or closing of those criminal debts which may be compromised or closed (i.e., appearance bond forfeiture judgments, interest and penalties);

  • Providing advice and guidance to the Department of Justice and the United States Attorneys on criminal fine issues, particularly those which present significant, complicated or novel issues;

  • Providing support and assistance to United States Attorneys and others in order to enhance criminal fine collection;

  • Coordinating with the Bureau of Prisons, the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, the various Offices of Inspectors General and such other government entities that may be involved in the enforcement of criminal fines in order to enhance criminal fine collection;

  • Preparing and distributing to Department of Justice attorneys and support personnel materials on policy and procedure designed to maximize the collection of criminal fines;

  • Providing training on federal criminal fine statutes and collection issues;

  • Developing sample briefs and pleadings; and

  • Performing such other functions as may be necessary for the efficient and effective collection of criminal fines.

The Financial Litigation Staff of the Executive Office for United States Attorneys is charged with implementing the functions delegated to EOUSA concerning the collection of criminal fines, which are set forth above.

[cited in USAM 3-12.100]