Indictment and Informations
An indictment, as defined in Black's Law Dictionary, is:|
An accusation in writing found and presented by a grand jury,
convoked and sworn, to the court in which it is impaneled, charging
that a person
therein named has done some act, or been guilty of some omission,
which by law
is a public offense, punishable on indictment. A formal written
originating with a prosecutor and issued by a grand jury against a
with a crime. An indictment is referred to as a "true bill,"
whereas failure to
indict is called a "no bill."
Black's Law Dictionary 772 (6th ed. 1990).
An information, has been defined as:
An accusation exhibited against a person for some criminal
an indictment. An accusation in the nature of an indictment, from
differs only in being presented by a competent public officer on
his oath of
office, instead of a grand jury on their oath. A written
accusation made by a
public prosecutor, without the intervention of a grand jury.
Id. at 779. Together with the pleas of guilty, not
guilty, or nolo
contendere, the indictment and information constitute the
Federal criminal proceedings. See Fed. R. Crim. P.