DefensesGood Faith Reliance Upon the Advice of
According to the majority view, acting in good faith upon the
of counsel is not a defense to an action for criminal contempt. See
United States v. Remini, 967 F.2d 754 (2d Cir. 1992); United
Seavers, 472 F.2d 607 (6th Cir. 1973); United States v. Dimauro,
F.2d 428 (8th Cir. 1971); United States v. Snyder, 428 F.2d 520, 522
Cir. 1970), cert. denied, 400 U.S. 903 (1970); United States v.
Goldfarb, 167 F.2d 735 (2d Cir. 1948). Good faith reliance upon the
of counsel may, however, be considered in mitigation of punishment.
States v. Custer Channel Wing Corp., 247 F. Supp. 481, 503 (D. Md.
aff'd, 376 F.2d 675 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 389 U.S. 850
Some decisions have held that good faith reliance upon the advice of counsel
a complete defense in a criminal contempt action. In re Eskay, 122
819 (3d Cir. 1941).|
[cited in USAM 9-39.000]