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1134

18 U.S.C. § 1832 Element Five—Intent to injure the owner of the trade secret

Beyond demonstrating that the defendant both knew the information taken was proprietary and intended that the misappropriation economically benefit someone other than the rightful owner, the government in a § 1832 case also must prove a third mens rea element: that the defendant intended to "injure" the owner of the trade secret. This provision does not require the government to prove malice or evil intent, but merely that the actor knew or was aware to a practical certainty that his conduct would cause some disadvantage to the rightful owner.

[cited in USAM 9-59.100]