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Synopses of Key Internal Security Provisions
Sabotage -- 18 U.S.C. § 2151 et seq. Federal sabotage laws are
in Title 18, U.S.C. §§ 2151 to 2157. They proscribe the willful
destruction of certain military equipment or military property, and related
activities committed with an intent to injure the United States national
Rebellion or Insurrection -- 18 U.S.C. § 2383. Section 2383 of Title 18, U.S.C., makes it unlawful to incite, assist or engage in any rebellion against the authority or laws of the United States.
Sedition and Seditious Conspiracy -- 18 U.S.C. §§ 2384, 2387 et seq. Sedition and related offenses are covered in 18 U.S.C. §§ 2387 to 2391. Seditious conspiracy is covered in 18 U.S.C. § 2384.
Advocating the Overthrow of the Government -- 18 U.S.C. § 2385. The Smith Act proscribes teaching or advocating the duty or necessity of overthrowing or destroying the Government of the United States by force or violence, publishing or circulating literature which so teaches or advocates, joining or organizing any group which so teaches or advocates, knowing the purposes thereof, or conspiring to do any of the foregoing. See 18 U.S.C. § 2385.
False Statements Affecting the National Security. The Internal Security Section has jurisdiction over cases which involve false statements concerning relationships with foreign governments or membership in organizations advocating the violent overthrow of the government, made to agencies and departments of the United States, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1001 and similar statutes. Such cases may arise in connection with the filing of applications for government employment, loyalty certificates for personnel of the Armed Forces, and personnel security questionnaires submitted to government agencies in connection with applications for security clearances.
[cited in USAM 9-90.500]