Jury InstructionKnowing Monetary Instruments
or Funds Involved in the Transportation Represents the Proceeds of Some
Form of Unlawful Activity
18 U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(B)(i) and (ii)[FN1]|
FN1. Practitioner's Note: The intent requirement for §
1956(a)(2)(A) offenses is somewhat different. See instructions on intent
for § 1956(a)(2)(A) offenses infra.
This definition is not specifically found within the statute. It tracks
the statutory definition found in § 1956(c)(1).
The term knowing that the monetary instrument or funds involved
in the transportation[FN2] represent the proceeds of some form of
unlawful activity means that the person knew the monetary instrument
or funds involved in the transportation represented proceeds from some
form, though not necessarily which form, of activity that constitutes a
felony offense under state, federal or foreign law.[FN3] Thus, the
government need not prove that the defendant specifically knew that the
[monetary instruments or funds] involved in the transportation represent
the proceeds of [specify predicate offense] or any other specific
offense; it need only prove that [he/she] knew that [it/they]
represented the proceeds of some form, though not necessary which form,
of felonious criminal activity under state, federal, or foreign law.
FN2. The words "transmission" or "transfer" are not
contained in this section of the statute. It is believed that this is
merely an omission created by the 1988 amendment to the term
"transportation" in the first part of paragraph two. The Justice
Department has sought a technical amendment to correct this matter.
FN3. The statute was amended to include knowledge of violations of
foreign law on November 29, 1990.
In this case, it is the government's theory that the defendant knew
that the proceeds were derived from [specify offense].
I advise you that [specify offense] is a felony under [specify
state, federal or foreign] law.
Title 18, U.S.C. § 1956(a)(2)(B)(i) and (ii)