The United States Attorney's Office represents the federal government in legal matters in which the United States is a party. The United States Attorneys have three statutory responsibilities under Title 28, Section 507 of the United States Code:
the prosecution of criminal cases brought by the Federal government;
the prosecution and defense of civil cases in which the United States is a party; and
the collection of administratively uncollectible debts owed the Federal government.
Functionally, the United States Attorney's Office for the Western District of Tennessee is divided into three divisions, a branch office, and two support programs including:
- Criminal Division
- Civil Division
- Jackson Branch Office
- Victim-Witness Program
- Law Enforcement Coordinating Committee
"The United States Attorney is the representative not of an ordinary party to a controversy, but of a sovereignty whose obligation to govern impartially is as compelling as its obligation to govern at all; and whose interest, therefore, in a criminal case is not that it shall win a case, but that justice shall be done."
Berger v. United States, 295 U.S. 78, 85, 55 S.Ct. 629, 633 (1935)