News and Press Releases


October 4, 2012

Memphis, TN – Carlos Shaw, 37, of Memphis and Shantell Shaw, 40, of Memphis – who are not
related to one another – have pled guilty to charges related to the teacher certification cheating
scam led by ringleader Clarence Mumford, Sr., 59, of Memphis, announced United States
Attorney for the Western District of Tennessee, Edward L. Stanton III.
These pleas, along with previous guilty pleas by John Bowen, 63, of Memphis and Felippia
Kellogg, 42, of Memphis, bring to four the total number of guilty pleas thus far in Mumford Sr.’s
teacher certification cheating scam.

The original indictment in the case, filed in July 2012, charged Mumford Sr. with orchestrating a
scheme that began as early as 1995 to pay test-takers to take teacher certification examinations
on behalf of teachers and hopeful teachers. In August, a superseding indictment charged Dante
Dowers, 40, of Belle Glade, Florida and Mumford Sr.’s son, Clarence Mumford Jr., 28, of
Memphis. And in September, a second superseding indictment charged ten more individuals,
including Samuel Campbell, 38, of Jackson, Mississippi; Darcel Gardner, 34, of Columbus,
Mississippi; Steve Holmes, of Memphis, Tennessee; Valerie Humphrey, 47, of Oakland,
Tennessee; Carlo McClelland, 34, of Meridian, Mississippi; Jacklyn McKinnie, 44, of Memphis,
Tennessee; Jadice Moore, 40, of Port Gibson, Mississippi; Sarah Richard, 53, of Richland,
Mississippi; Jeryl Shaw, 39, of Memphis, Tennessee; and Kimberly Taylor, 36, of Charleston,

“Today’s guilty pleas are another step in the ongoing effort to uncover anyone involved in this
conspiracy and ensure that they are held accountable for their unethical and illegal acts,” said
U.S Attorney Stanton. “These prosecutions are critical to protecting the integrity of our
education system, preserving the reputation of honest, hard-working educators, and guaranteeing
our students get the quality education they deserve.”

In previous guilty plea hearings, Bowen and Kellogg admitted being paid by Mumford to take
numerous tests. Bowen admitted that after he met Mumford Sr. during the 1994-1995 school
year – when Bowen was a substitute teacher and Mumford Sr. was the assistant principal at
Humes Junior High School – he took at least three to four tests per year from 2000 to 2010.
Kellogg admitted that after she met Mumford in May 2009, she took a number of tests over a one
and a half year period and received approximately $4,000 from Mumford.

During Bowen’s guilty plea hearing, it was revealed that investigators began to unravel the ring
after Bowen was caught in June 2009 at Arkansas State University in Jonesboro taking an
afternoon examination in a woman’s name after having taken a morning examination in a man’s
name. Other test-takers paid by Mumford Sr. were at the same test location on the same date
doing the same thing. ETS investigated and later referred the case to the Tennessee Department
of Education, which referred the case to the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation. After the
investigation was brought to the United States Attorney’s Office in the summer of 2011, the
United States Secret Service also joined the investigation. Investigators interviewed dozens of
individuals, and obtained bank, phone and testing records to identify participants in the scheme.

During Carlos Shaw’s guilty plea hearing, it was revealed that Mr. Shaw – who was formerly an
assistant principal at the Memphis Academy of Science and Engineering and also taught at
Carver High School and Booker T. Washington High School –was first approached by Mumford
Sr. approximately ten years ago when he and Mumford Sr. taught summer school together.
Mumford Sr. repeatedly asked Mr. Shaw to take examinations for teachers needing passing
scores, and Mr. Shaw eventually agreed. He admitted to being paid by Mumford Sr. to take 10 to
15 tests for payment ranging from $200 to $700.

During Shantell Shaw’s guilty plea hearing, it was revealed that Ms. Shaw met Mumford Sr. in
2008 during student registration at Trezevant High School. Ms. Shaw was a new teacher and
Mumford Sr., a guidance counselor, was paired with Ms. Shaw as a mentor. Mumford Sr.
eventually approached Ms. Shaw and asked her to take a biology certification examination on
behalf of a teacher who had failed the test eleven times and was in danger of losing her job. Ms.
Shaw initially declined but, after meeting the teacher who needed the test taken, agreed to take
the test for $1000. Ms. Shaw took approximately twelve to fifteen tests and was paid
approximately $8,000.

This investigation is being conducted by the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation and the United
States Secret Service. Assistant U.S. Attorney John Fabian and Special Assistant U.S. Attorney
Kirby May represent the government.

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