|This document is also available in PDF format (comparable to original document formatting). To view the PDF you will need Acrobat Reader, which may be downloaded from the Adobe site.|
Comment Number: AGW-13001
|Sent:||Friday, December 25, 2009 8:18 PM|
<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /??>
Dear Policy Makers:
I am a long time critical care nurse, currently a nurse educator and also a farm girl from the <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" /??>YakimaValley in WashingtonState. It appears to me that city dwellers may not know some of the activites transpiring in farm country and how this affects their health. Agricultural policies have been changing over the past20 years. Most dairy cows and swine are now raised in confined areas where forage is brought to them and waste is scraped or flushed away for storage until it can be spread on crop land as fertilizer. Because these animals live in such close proximity they are more prone to infection and contagious disease. Over 60% of pharmaceutical drugs currently produced in the United States are now used in agriculture.
In 1991 the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of trenbolene acetate, an anabolic steroid, and estradiol, a sex steroid, for use in implants to increase rate of weight gain and improve feed efficiency of cattle. In 1999 more than 96% of all cattle in feedlots were implanted at least once. (NAHMS, 2000) (Shceffler, et al, 2009). In 1993 the FDA approved the use of recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH) to increase milk production in U.S. dairy cows. “The available evidence documents adverse health effects from rBGH on cows. The evidence for potential harm to humans is inconclusive.”(ACS, 2009)
Although proponents of these policies claim that there is no correlation, the diabetes rate for people living in the United States has increased dramatically since these changes in food production were introduced. In 1990 about 2.8% or 7 million people had diabetes.
In 2008 about 6.5% or 18.5 million people had diabetes, according to the Center for Disease Control (2009). The most recent number is 24 million Americans with diabetes. There are similar increases for obesity and related health conditions. For those of us who are closely connected to the earth, it is sad to learn that salmon are now showing gender reversal in the Yakima and ColumbiaRivers.
Thanks for reading.
Jean Mendoza, BS, BSN, RN
3142 Signal Peak Road
Whtie Swan, WA98952
American Cancer Society (2009) Recombinant bovine growth hormone. Prevention and Early Detection. Retrieved from www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_1_3x_Recombinant_Bovine_Growth_Hormone.asp
Center for Disease Control (2009) Diabetes Data and Trends. Retrieved from www.cdc.gov/diabetes/statistics
NAHMS. (2000) National Animal Health Monitoring System report on implant usage by U.S. feedlots. www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ceah/cahm/Beef_Feedlot/FC99impl.htm
Scheffler, J.M., Buskirk, D.D., Rust, S.R., Cowley, J.D., Doumit, M.E. (2003)Effect of repeated administration of combination trenbolone acetate and estradiol implants on growth traits, and beef quality of long fed holstein steers. Journal of Animal Science.
Retrieved from http://jas.fass.org/cgi/content/full/81/10/2395