|This document is also available in PDF format (comparable to original document formatting). To view the PDF you will need Acrobat Reader, which may be downloaded from the Adobe site.|
Comment Number: AGW-13714
|Sent:||Tuesday, December 29, 2009 6:38 PM|
|Subject:||Farmers deserve fair markets|
On a personal note, my mother's family comes from a long line of farmers. I now have one relative that is barely hanging on to his diary farm. My family farms were not lost to lack of interest, they were lost to being out-competed by lesser quality large corporations. Farming is the backbone of America, it's our foundation and we should be protecting it. We should not only be protecting it for the farmer's sakes, but we should be protecting it for our sakes too. Who else would be able to provide healthy quality and care for our food and land through the pride of personal ownership and involvement?
Next year's Department of Justice and USDA hearings are a sorely-needed first step to address concentration of ownership in American agriculture. These hearings should address the broad implications of anti-competitive practices. A combination of vigorous enforcement, regulation, and legislation will be needed to restore competition and level the playing field.
Our food supply, from seed to grocery store shelf, essentially belongs to a handful of companies. As a result, prices are rising, research and innovation are restricted, fair contracts are difficult to negotiate, and farmers’ and consumers’ choices are limited The problem is worsening. The effects of concentration are widespread, from seed research to meat processing.
-Costs of seed and other inputs are rising to historic highs while the prices farmers receive are falling.
-Farmers are losing their right to save seed, and independent seed companies are disappearing. More than 200 have disappeared since 1996.
-Farmers do not have the explicit right to bargain collectively, which they need in order to level the playing field and negotiate fair contracts.
-Patents and licensing agreements severely restrict plant breeders’ and researchers’ access to genetic material and prevent researchers from testing existing varieties.
-Programs at public universities are increasingly dependent on funding from private companies instead of public funds. As a result, publicly-owned breeds are dwindling, and innovation is declining.
-Manufacturers of GE crops are not held liable for contamination of farmers’ crops. In fact, farmers are held liable, even when the GE content provides no economic benefit.
-Contracts often leave farmers with little financial or legal control over their situations and take away their right to privacy.
-The Packers and Stockyards Act prohibits unfair practices in the poultry industry, but it is rarely enforced because enforcement authority is split between the USDA and the Justice Department.
-Lack of regional competition and tacit collusion between poultry companies restrict contract farmers' options.
-The ranking system for contract poultry farmers is not based on true competition, and farmers who lose poultry contracts are not able to recapture their initial investments.
American farmers and consumers deserve an open and fair marketplace. Family farmers, independent companies, and public research are vital to the future of agriculture. These hearings can be an important step as the Justice Department and the USDA work to restore fairness and competition. Please use them to correct these concerns.