Agriculture Workshop Comment Number: AGW-14495

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Comment Number: AGW-14495

From: Heather Caveny
Sent: Thursday, December 31, 2009 11:40 PM
To: ATR-Agricultural Workshops
Subject: Farmers deserve fair markets


I do support what's said in the form letter below, but I also want to add that I've become certain that the safest, healthiest, most sustainable (environmentally and economically) food system is one which is more locally based.  Of course I'd still like to have bananas in the winter, I'm not advocating an extreme overhaul, but I believe if small-scale farmers had support and incentive to sell their produce and meats and dairy directly to local consumers, then there would be built-in incentive to keep food safe and provide a good product, foods would be fresher, less packaging would be required, transportation costs and pollution would be minimized, schoolchildren (and adults) could be provided with healthier, fresher, tastier foods, and people would be more involved and knowledgeable about where their food comes from, and what's involved in making it.  As it is, many people know food only as they see it packaged up in the grocery store, they've never seen a potato with dirt on it, right out of the ground, or even a real live chicken.



For these reasons, I ask you to please support a transition toward more food coming from small-scale, sustainable farmers selling directly to local consumers.



Now the form letter:



Next year's Department of Justice and USDA hearings are a sorely-needed first step to address concentration of ownership in American agriculture. These hearings should address the broad implications of anti-competitive practices. A combination of vigorous enforcement, regulation, and legislation will be needed to restore competition and level the playing field.



Our food supply, from seed to grocery store shelf, essentially belongs to a handful of companies. As a result, prices are rising, research and innovation are restricted, fair contracts are difficult to negotiate, and farmers’ and consumers’ choices are limited The problem is worsening. The effects of concentration are widespread, from seed research to meat processing.



-Costs of seed and other inputs are rising to historic highs while the prices farmers receive are falling.

-Farmers are losing their right to save seed, and independent seed companies are disappearing. More than 200 have disappeared since 1996.

-Farmers do not have the explicit right to bargain collectively, which they need in order to level the playing field and negotiate fair contracts.

-Patents and licensing agreements severely restrict plant breeders’ and researchers’ access to genetic material and prevent researchers from testing existing varieties.

-Programs at public universities are increasingly dependent on funding from private companies instead of public funds. As a result, publicly-owned breeds are dwindling, and innovation is declining.

-Manufacturers of GE crops are not held liable for contamination of farmers’ crops. In fact, farmers are held liable, even when the GE content provides no economic benefit.

-Contracts often leave farmers with little financial or legal control over their situations and take away their right to privacy.

-The Packers and Stockyards Act prohibits unfair practices in the poultry industry, but it is rarely enforced because enforcement authority is split between the USDA and the Justice Department.

-Lack of regional competition and tacit collusion between poultry companies restrict contract farmers' options.

-The ranking system for contract poultry farmers is not based on true competition, and farmers who lose poultry contracts are not able to recapture their initial investments.



American farmers and consumers deserve an open and fair marketplace. Family farmers, independent companies, and public research are vital to the future of agriculture. These hearings can be an important step as the Justice Department and the USDA work to restore fairness and competition. Please use them to correct these concerns.



Sincerely,

Updated April 7, 2016

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