Civil Rights Division Emmett Till Act (Cold Case Closing Memoranda)

Civil Rights Division Emmett Till Act (Cold Case Closing Memoranda)


Displaying 1 - 4 of 4
Title Incident Date Overview
Albert Pitts - David Pitts - Marshall Johns - Ernest McPharland - Willie Gibson July 13, 1960

On July 13, 1960, Albert Pitts, David Pitts, Marshall Johns, Ernest McPharland, and Willie Charlie Gibson, the African-American victims, were shot by their white employer, subject Zennie (Robert) William Fuller, with a shotgun.  According to contemporaneous newspaper accounts, victims Albert Pitts, David Pitts, and Marshall Johns died immediately, while victims Ernest McPharland and Willie Gibson were critically wounded.  McPharland reportedly died in the hospital of a head wound on the night of July 14, 1960.  Gibson eventually recovered.

Fred Robinson August 5, 1960

On the afternoon of August 5, 1960, the body of Fred Robinson, a 12-year-old African-American youth, was found in the surf near Edisto Island, South Carolina.   Robinson was last seen two days earlier after he had finished a day’s work on a shrimp boat.  Following a local investigation and an autopsy, the county coroner ruled the death an accidental drowning.    As further explained below, there is insufficient evidence to refute the coroner’s conclusion.  Accordingly, this matter should be closed.

Clarence Pershing Cloninger October 10, 1960

On October 10, 1960, Clarence Pershing Cloninger, a 41-year-old white male, was transported from the Gaston County Jail to Charlotte Memorial Hospital, where he died of natural causes. It was alleged that Cloninger’s XXXX filed a complaint with local law enforcement indicating that XXXXX was refused medical attention while incarcerated at the jail.

Mattie Greene May 19, 1960

On May 19, 1960, a dynamite explosion ripped through the Ringgold, Georgia residence of Mattie Green, killing Mattie, a mother of six. The blast injured others. News articles at the time of the bombing indicated that there was no clear motive for Mrs. Green’s murder and no likely suspects.

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