Title VI Legal Manual (Updated)

Executive Order 12250 authorizes the Department of Justice (the Department) to provide issue guidance and technical assistance to individuals and entities that have rights or responsibilities under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.  The guidance documents included below provide informal non-binding guidance to assist you in understanding the Act and the Department’s regulations. 

The guidance documents are not intended to be a final agency action, have no legally binding effect, and have no force or effect of law.  The guidance documents may be rescinded or modified in the Department’s complete discretion, in accordance with applicable laws. The Department’s guidance documents do not establish legally enforceable responsibilities beyond what is required by the terms of the applicable statutes, regulations, or binding judicial precedent.  For more information, see "Memorandum for All Components: Prohibition of Improper Guidance Documents," from Attorney General Jefferson B. Sessions III, November 16, 2017.

Full Title VI Legal Manual- PDF

You can also view individual sections of the Manual by clicking on the links below.
Table of Contents

Section I- Introduction

Section II- Synopsis of Legislative History and Purpose of Title VI 

Section III: Department of Justice Role Under Title VI

Section IV: Interplay of Title VI with Title IX, Section 504, the Fourteenth Amendment, and Title VII

Section V: Defining Title VI

Section VI: Proving Discrimination- Intentional Discrimination 

Section VII: Proving Discrimination- Disparate Impact

Section VIII: Proving Discrimination- Retaliation

Section IX: Private Right of Action & Individual Relief Through Agency Action

Section X: Employment Coverage

Please click here for material on federal funding agency methods to evaluate and enforce compliance.


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Updated March 18, 2019