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Elder Abuse and Elder Financial Exploitation Statutes

The federal government, states, commonwealths, territories and the District of Columbia all have laws designed to protect older adults from elder abuse and guide the practice of adult protective services agencies, law enforcement agencies, and others. These laws vary considerably from state to state.
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Citation Statute
Civil Financial Exploitation
Conn. Gen. Stat. § 17b-450  (2016)

Title 17b  Social Services 

Chapter 319dd  Protective Services for the Elderly

Sec. 17b-450.  (Formerly Sec. 17a-430). Definitions.

(4) …Exploitation refers to the act or process of taking advantage of an elderly person by another person or caretaker whether for monetary, personal or other benefit, gain or profit.


(1) The term "elderly person" means any resident of Connecticut who is sixty years of age or older.

Civil Elder Abuse
Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 17b-450 through 17b-464 (2017)

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 17b-450  (2017)

Title 17b  Social Services Chapter 319dd  Protective Services for the Elderly

For purposes of sections 17b-450 to 17b-461, inclusive:
(5) The term "abuse" includes, but is not limited to, the wilful infliction of physical pain, injury or mental anguish, or the wilful deprivation by a caregiver of services which are necessary to maintain physical and mental health.

  (6) The term "neglect" refers to the failure or inability of an elderly person to provide for himself or herself the services which are necessary to maintain physical and mental health or the failure to provide or arrange for provision of such necessary services by a caregiver.

    (7) The term "exploitation" refers to the act or process of taking advantage of an elderly person by another person or caregiver whether for monetary, personal or other benefit, gain or profit.

     (8) The term "abandonment" refers to the desertion or wilful forsaking of an elderly person by a caregiver or the foregoing of duties or the withdrawal or neglect of duties and obligations owed an elderly person by a caregiver or other person.

Criminal Elder Abuse
Conn.  Gen. Stat. § 53a-321

(a) A person is guilty of abuse in the first degree when such person intentionally commits abuse of an elderly, blind or disabled person or a person with intellectual disability and causes serious physical injury to such elderly, blind or disabled person or person with intellectual disability.

(b) Abuse in the first degree is a class C felony.

https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/pub/chap_952.htm
Criminal Elder Abuse
Conn.  Gen. Stat. § 53a-322

(a) A person is guilty of abuse in the second degree when such person: (1) Intentionally commits abuse of an elderly, blind or disabled person or a person with intellectual disability and causes physical injury to such elderly, blind or disabled person or person with intellectual disability, or (2) knowingly commits abuse of an elderly, blind or disabled person or a person with intellectual disability and causes serious physical injury to such elderly, blind or disabled person or person with intellectual disability.

(b) Abuse in the second degree is a class D felony.

https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/pub/chap_952.htm
Criminal Elder Abuse
Conn.  Gen. Stat. § 53a-323

(a) A person is guilty of abuse in the third degree when such person (1) knowingly commits abuse of an elderly, blind or disabled person or a person with intellectual disability and causes physical injury to such elderly, blind or disabled person or person with intellectual disability, or (2) recklessly commits abuse of an elderly, blind or disabled person or a person with intellectual disability and causes physical injury to such elderly, blind or disabled person or person with intellectual disability.

(b) Abuse in the third degree is a class A misdemeanor.

https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/pub/chap_952.htm
Criminal Elder Abuse
Conn.  Gen. Stat. § 53a-59a

(a) A person is guilty of assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the first degree, when such person commits assault in the first degree under section 53a-59(a)(2), 53a-59(a)(3) or 53a-59(a)(5) and (1) the victim of such assault has attained at least sixty years of age, is blind or physically disabled, as defined in section 1-1f, or is pregnant, or (2) the victim of such assault is a person with intellectual disability, as defined in section 1-1g, and the actor is not a person with intellectual disability.

(b) No person shall be found guilty of assault in the first degree and assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the first degree upon the same incident of assault but such person may be charged and prosecuted for both such offenses upon the same information.

(c) In any prosecution for an offense under this section based on the victim being pregnant it shall be an affirmative defense that the actor, at the time such actor engaged in the conduct constituting the offense, did not know the victim was pregnant. In any prosecution for an offense under this section based on the victim being a person with intellectual disability, it shall be an affirmative defense that the actor, at the time such actor engaged in the conduct constituting the offense, did not know the victim was a person with intellectual disability.

(d) Assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the first degree is a class B felony and any person found guilty under this section shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of which five years of the sentence imposed may not be suspended or reduced by the court.

https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/pub/chap_952.htm
Criminal Elder Abuse
Conn.  Gen. Stat. § 53a-60c

(a) A person is guilty of assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the second degree with a firearm when such person commits assault in the second degree with a firearm under section 53a-60a and (1) the victim of such assault has attained at least sixty years of age, is blind or physically disabled, as defined in section 1-1f, or is pregnant, or (2) the victim of such assault is a person with intellectual disability, as defined in section 1-1g, and the actor is not a person with intellectual disability.

(b) No person shall be found guilty of assault in the second degree or assault in the second degree with a firearm and assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the second degree with a firearm upon the same incident of assault but such person may be charged and prosecuted for all of such offenses upon the same information.

(c) In any prosecution for an offense under this section based on the victim being pregnant it shall be an affirmative defense that the actor, at the time such actor engaged in the conduct constituting the offense, did not know the victim was pregnant. In any prosecution for an offense under this section based on the victim being a person with intellectual disability, it shall be an affirmative defense that the actor, at the time such actor engaged in the conduct constituting the offense, did not know the victim was a person with intellectual disability.

(d) Assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the second degree with a firearm is a class D felony and any person found guilty under this section shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of which three years of the sentence imposed may not be suspended or reduced by the court.

https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/pub/chap_952.htm
Criminal Elder Abuse
Conn.  Gen. Stat. § 53a-60b

 (a) A person is guilty of assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the second degree when such person commits assault in the second degree under section 53a-60 or larceny in the second degree under section 53a-123(a)(3) and (1) the victim of such assault or larceny has attained at least sixty years of age, is blind or physically disabled, as defined in section 1-1f, or is pregnant, or (2) the victim of such assault or larceny is a person with intellectual disability, as defined in section 1-1g, and the actor is not a person with intellectual disability.

(b) No person shall be found guilty of assault in the second degree or larceny in the second degree under section 53a-123(a)(3) and assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the second degree upon the same incident of assault or larceny, as the case may be, but such person may be charged and prosecuted for all such offenses upon the same information.

(c) In any prosecution for an offense under this section based on the victim being pregnant it shall be an affirmative defense that the actor, at the time such actor engaged in the conduct constituting the offense, did not know the victim was pregnant. In any prosecution for an offense under this section based on the victim being a person with intellectual disability, it shall be an affirmative defense that the actor, at the time such actor engaged in the conduct constituting the offense, did not know the victim was a person with intellectual disability.

(d) Assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the second degree is a class D felony and any person found guilty under this section shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of which two years of the sentence imposed may not be suspended or reduced by the court.

https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/pub/chap_952.htm
Criminal Elder Abuse
Conn.  Gen. Stat. § 53a-61a

(a) A person is guilty of assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the third degree when such person commits assault in the third degree under section 53a-61 and (1) the victim of such assault has attained at least sixty years of age, is blind or physically disabled, as defined in section 1-1f, or is pregnant, or (2) the victim of such assault is a person with intellectual disability, as defined in section 1-1g, and the actor is not a person with intellectual disability.

(b) No person shall be found guilty of assault in the third degree and assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the third degree upon the same incident of assault but such person may be charged and prosecuted for both such offenses upon the same information.

(c) In any prosecution for an offense under this section based on the victim being pregnant it shall be an affirmative defense that the actor, at the time such actor engaged in the conduct constituting the offense, did not know the victim was pregnant. In any prosecution for an offense under this section based on the victim being a person with intellectual disability, it shall be an affirmative defense that the actor, at the time such actor engaged in the conduct constituting the offense, did not know the victim was a person with intellectual disability.

(d) Assault of an elderly, blind, disabled or pregnant person or a person with intellectual disability in the third degree is a class A misdemeanor and any person found guilty under this section shall be sentenced to a term of imprisonment of one year which shall not be suspended or reduced.

https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/pub/chap_952.htm
Criminal Elder Abuse
Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-320

For the purposes of sections 53a-320 to 53a-323, inclusive:

(1) “Person” means any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, unincorporated business or other business entity;

(2) “Elderly person” means any person who is sixty years of age or older;

(3) “Blind person” means any person who is blind, as defined in section 1-1f;

(4) “Disabled person” means any person who is physically disabled, as defined in section 1-1f;

(5) “Person with intellectual disability” means any person with intellectual disability, as defined in section 1-1g;

(6) “Abuse” means any repeated act or omission that causes physical injury or serious physical injury to an elderly, blind or disabled person or a person with intellectual disability, except when (A) the act or omission is a part of the treatment and care, and in furtherance of the health and safety, of the elderly, blind or disabled person or person with intellectual disability, or (B) the act or omission is based upon the instructions, wishes, consent, refusal to consent or revocation of consent of an elderly, blind or disabled person or a person with intellectual disability, or the legal representative of an incapable elderly, blind or disabled person or a person with intellectual disability. For purposes of this subdivision, “repeated” means an act or omission that occurs on two or more occasions;

(7) “Intentionally” means “intentionally” as defined in subdivision (11) of section 53a-3;

(8) “Knowingly” means “knowingly” as defined in subdivision (12) of section 53a-3;

(9) “Recklessly” means “recklessly” as defined in subdivision (13) of section 53a-3;

(10) “Physical injury” means “physical injury” as defined in subdivision (3) of section 53a-3; and

https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/pub/chap_952.htm