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Elder Abuse and Elder Financial Exploitation Statutes

The federal government, states, commonwealths, territories and the District of Columbia all have laws designed to protect older adults from elder abuse and guide the practice of adult protective services agencies, law enforcement agencies, and others. These laws vary considerably from state to state.
Showing results 1 - 7 of 7
Citation Statute
Civil Financial Exploitation
S.D. Codified Laws § 22-46-1  (2015)

TITLE 22.  CRIMES 

CHAPTER 22-46.  ABUSE, NEGLECT OR EXPLOITATION OF DISABLED ADULTS

§ 22-46-1.  Definitions

   (4) "Exploitation," the wrongful taking or exercising of control over property of an elder or a disabled adult with intent to defraud the elder or disabled adult; and


(2) "Adult with a disability," a person eighteen years of age or older who suffers from a condition of intellectual disability, infirmities of aging as manifested by organic brain damage, advanced age, or other physical dysfunctioning to the extent that the person is unable to protect himself or herself or provide for his or her own care;

(3) "Elder," a person sixty-five years of age or older;

Criminal Financial Exploitation
S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 22-46-1 (2016) (Effective July 1, 2016)

Title 22  Crimes  
Chapter 22-46  Abuse, Neglect or Exploitation of Disabled Adults

22-46-1.  Definitions.

Terms used in this chapter mean:

     (1) "Adult with a disability," a person eighteen years of age or older who has a condition of intellectual disability, infirmities of aging as manifested by organic brain damage, advanced age, or other physical dysfunctioning to the extent that the person is unable to protect himself or herself or provide for his or her own care;

     (2) "Caretaker," a person or entity who is entrusted with the property of an elder or adult with a disability, or who is responsible for the health or welfare of an elder or adult with a disability, and who assumes the position of trust or responsibility voluntarily, by contract, by receipt of payment, or by order of the court;

     (3) "Elder," a person sixty-five years of age or older;

     (4) "Emotional and psychological abuse," a caretaker's willful, malicious, and repeated infliction of:

         (a) A sexual act or the simulation of a sexual act directed at and without the consent of the elder or adult with a disability that involves nudity or is obscene;

         (b) Unreasonable confinement;

         (c) Harm or damage or destruction of the property of an elder or adult with a disability, including harm to or destruction of pets; or

         (d) Ridiculing or demeaning conduct, derogatory remarks, verbal harassment, or threats to inflict physical or emotional and psychological abuse, directed at an elder or adult with a disability;

     (5) "Exploitation," the wrongful taking or exercising of control over property of an elder or adult with a disability with intent to defraud the elder or adult with a disability;

    (6) "Neglect," harm to the health or welfare of an elder or an adult with a disability, without reasonable medical justification, caused by a caretaker, within the means available for the elder or adult with a disability, including the failure to provide adequate food, clothing, shelter, or medical care; and

    (7) "Physical abuse," physical harm, bodily injury, attempt to cause physical harm or injury, or fear of imminent physical harm or bodily injury.

Criminal Financial Exploitation
S.D. CODIFIED LAWS § 22-46-3 (2013) (Effective July 1, 2016)
Title 22  Crimes  
Chapter 22-46  Abuse, Neglect or Exploitation of Disabled Adults

22-46-3.  Theft by exploitation -- Penalty.

Any person who, having assumed the duty voluntarily, by written contract, by receipt of payment for care, or by order of a court to provide for the support of an elder or an adult with a disability, and having been entrusted with the property of that elder or adult with a disability, with intent to defraud, appropriates such property to a use or purpose not in the due and lawful execution of that person's trust, is guilty of theft by exploitation. Theft by exploitation is punishable as theft pursuant to chapter 22-30A.

Civil Elder Abuse
S.D. Codified Laws §§ 22-46-1 through 28-1-44 (2017)

S.D. Codified Laws § 28-1-44  (2017)

Title 28  Public Welfare and Assistance  Chapter 28-1  Department of Social Services

[Does not provide definitions]

Criminal Elder Abuse
S.D.  Codified Laws § 22-46-2

Any person who physically abuses or neglects an elder or adult with a disability in a manner which does not constitute aggravated assault is guilty of a Class 6 felony.
     Any person who emotionally or psychologically abuses an elder or adult with a disability is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
Source: SL 1986, ch 186, § 2; SL 1990, ch 171, § 2; SL 2005, ch 120, § 341; SL 2007, ch 147, § 3; SL 2016, ch 120, § 2

http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/Di...
Criminal Elder Abuse
S.D.  Codified Laws § 22-46-1

  (1)      "Adult with a disability," a person eighteen years of age or older who has a condition of intellectual disability, infirmities of aging as manifested by organic brain damage, advanced age, or other physical dysfunctioning to the extent that the person is unable to protect himself or herself or provide for his or her own care;
             (2)      "Caretaker," a person or entity who is entrusted with the property of an elder or adult with a disability, or who is responsible for the health or welfare of an elder or adult with a disability, and who assumes the position of trust or responsibility voluntarily, by contract, by receipt of payment, or by order of the court;
             (3)      "Elder," a person sixty-five years of age or older;
             (4)      "Emotional and psychological abuse," a caretaker's willful, malicious, and repeated infliction of:
             (a)      A sexual act or the simulation of a sexual act directed at and without the consent of the elder or adult with a disability that involves nudity or is obscene;
             (b)      Unreasonable confinement;
             (c)      Harm or damage or destruction of the property of an elder or adult with a disability, including harm to or destruction of pets; or
             (d)      Ridiculing or demeaning conduct, derogatory remarks, verbal harassment, or threats to inflict physical or emotional and psychological abuse, directed at an elder or adult with a disability;
             (5)      "Exploitation," the wrongful taking or exercising of control over property of an elder or adult with a disability with intent to defraud the elder or adult with a disability;
             (6)      "Neglect," harm to the health or welfare of an elder or an adult with a disability, without reasonable medical justification, caused by a caretaker, within the means available for the elder or adult with a disability, including the failure to provide adequate food, clothing, shelter, or medical care; and
             (7)      "Physical abuse," physical harm, bodily injury, attempt to cause physical harm or injury, or fear of imminent physical harm or bodily injury.

Source: SL 1986, ch 186, § 1; SL 1990, ch 171, § 1; SL 2005, ch 120, § 339; SL 2007, ch 147, § 1; SL 2013, ch 125, § 4; SL 2016, ch 120, § 1.

http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/Di...
Criminal Elder Abuse
S.D.  Codified Laws § 22-46-3

Any person who, having assumed the duty voluntarily, by written contract, by receipt of payment for care, or by order of a court to provide for the support of an elder or an adult with a disability, and having been entrusted with the property of that elder or adult with a disability, with intent to defraud, appropriates such property to a use or purpose not in the due and lawful execution of that person's trust, is guilty of theft by exploitation. Theft by exploitation is punishable as theft pursuant to chapter 22-30A.
Source: SL 1986, ch 186, § 3; SL 1989, ch 30, § 53; SL 2005, ch 120, § 342; SL 2007, ch 147, § 4; SL 2016, ch 120, § 21.

http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/Di...