Elder Abuse and Elder Financial Exploitation Statutes

The federal government, states, commonwealths, territories and the District of Columbia all have laws designed to protect older adults from elder abuse and guide the practice of adult protective services agencies, law enforcement agencies, and others. These laws vary considerably from state to state.
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Citation Statute
Civil Elder Abuse
N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 108A-99 through 108A-117 (2017)

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 108A-101  (2017)

CHAPTER 108A.  SOCIAL SERVICES  ARTICLE 6.  PROTECTION OF THE ABUSED, NEGLECTED OR EXPLOITED DISABLED ADULT ACT

   (a) The word "abuse" means the willful infliction of physical pain, injury or mental anguish, unreasonable confinement, or the willful deprivation by a caretaker of services which are necessary to maintain mental and physical health.

(j) The word "exploitation" means the illegal or improper use of a disabled adult or his resources for another's profit or advantage.

(m) The word "neglect" refers to a disabled adult who is either living alone and not able to provide for himself or herself the services which are necessary to maintain the person's mental or physical health or is not receiving services from the person's caretaker. A person is not receiving services from his caretaker if, among other things and not by way of limitation, the person is a resident of one of the State-owned psychiatric hospitals listed in G.S. 122C-181(a)(1), the State-owned Developmental Centers listed in G.S. 122C-181(a)(2), or the State-owned Neuro-Medical Treatment Centers listed in G.S. 122C-181(a)(3), the person is, in the opinion of the professional staff of that State-owned facility, mentally incompetent to give consent to medical treatment, the person has no legal guardian appointed pursuant to Chapter 35A, or guardian as defined in G.S. 122C-3(15), and the person needs medical treatment.

Civil Elder Abuse
N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 108A-99 through 108A-117 (2017)

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 108A-113  (2017)

CHAPTER 108A.  SOCIAL SERVICES  ARTICLE 6A.  PROTECTION OF DISABLED AND OLDER ADULTS FROM FINANCIAL EXPLOITATION

  (3) Financial exploitation. -- The illegal or improper use of a disabled adult's or older adult's financial resources for another's profit or pecuniary advantage.

Civil Elder Abuse
Md. FAMILY LAW Code Ann. §§  14-101 through 14-404 (2018)

Md. FAMILY LAW Code Ann. § 14-101  (2018)

FAMILY LAW 
TITLE 14.  ADULT PROTECTIVE SERVICES 
SUBTITLE 1.  DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

(b) Abuse. -- "Abuse" means the sustaining of any physical injury by a vulnerable adult as a result of cruel or inhumane treatment or as a result of a malicious act by any person.

(f) Exploitation. -- "Exploitation" means any action which involves the misuse of a vulnerable adult's funds, property, or person.

(l) Neglect. -- (1) "Neglect" means the willful deprivation of a vulnerable adult of adequate food, clothing, essential medical treatment or habilitative therapy, shelter, or supervision. (2) "Neglect" does not include the providing of nonmedical remedial care and treatment for the healing of injury or disease, with the consent of the vulnerable adult, recognized by State law instead of medical treatment.

Civil Elder Abuse
ALM GL ch. 19A, §§ 1 through 26 (2017)

ALM GL ch. 19A, § 14  (2017)

PART I  ADMINISTRATION OF THE GOVERNMENT  TITLE II  EXECUTIVE AND ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS OF THE COMMONWEALTH Chapter 19A  Department of Elder Affairs

  "Abuse", an Act or omission which results in serious physical or emotional injury to an elderly person or financial exploitation of an elderly person; or the failure, inability or resistance of an elderly person to provide for him one or more of the necessities essential for physical and emotional well-being without which the elderly person would be unable to safely remain in the community;...

 "Financial exploitation", an act or omission by another person, which causes a substantial monetary or property loss to an elderly person, or causes a substantial monetary or property gain to the other person, which gain would otherwise benefit the elderly person but for the act or omission of such other person; provided, however, that such an act or omission shall not be construed as financial exploitation if the elderly person has knowingly consented to such act or omission unless such consent is a consequence of misrepresentation, undue influence, coercion or threat of force by such other person; and, provided further, that financial exploitation shall not be construed to interfere with or prohibit a bona fide gift by an elderly person or to apply to any act or practice in the conduct of any trade or commerce declared unlawful by section two of chapter ninety-three A.

Civil Elder Abuse
La. R.S. § 14:403.2  (2017)

 

Louisiana Revised Statutes  Title 14.  Criminal law  Chapter 2.  Miscellaneous crimes and offenses  Part 5.  Offenses affecting law enforcement

[Does not provide definitions]

Civil Elder Abuse
Cal Wel & Inst Code §§ 15600 through 15766 (2017)

Cal Wel & Inst Code § 15610.05 (2017)

WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE Division 9.  Public Social Services  Part 3.  Aid and Medical Assistance  Chapter 11.  Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act Article 2.  Definitions

"Abandonment" means the desertion or willful forsaking of an elder or a dependent adult by anyone having care or custody of that person under circumstances in which a reasonable person would continue to provide care and custody.

Civil Elder Abuse
Cal Wel & Inst Code §§ 15600 through 15766 (2017)

Cal Wel & Inst Code § 15610.06 (2017)

WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE Division 9.  Public Social Services  Part 3.  Aid and Medical Assistance  Chapter 11.  Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act Article 2.  Definitions

"Abduction" means the removal from this state and the restraint from returning to this state, or the restraint from returning to this state, of any elder or dependent adult who does not have the capacity to consent to the removal from this state and the restraint from returning to this state, or the restraint from returning to this state, as well as the removal from this state or the restraint from returning to this state, of any conservatee without the consent of the conservator or the court.

Civil Elder Abuse
Cal Wel & Inst Code §§ 15600 through 15766 (2017)

Cal Wel & Inst Code § 15610.07 (2017)

WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE Division 9.  Public Social Services  Part 3.  Aid and Medical Assistance  Chapter 11.  Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act Article 2.  Definitions

(a) "Abuse of an elder or a dependent adult" means any of the following:(1) Physical abuse, neglect, abandonment, isolation, abduction, or other treatment with resulting physical harm or pain or mental suffering. (2) The deprivation by a care custodian of goods or services that are necessary to avoid physical harm or mental suffering. (3) Financial abuse, as defined in Section 15610.30. (b) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2016.

Civil Elder Abuse
Cal Wel & Inst Code §§ 15600 through 15766 (2017)

Cal Wel & Inst Code § 15610.30 (2017)

WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE Division 9.  Public Social Services  Part 3.  Aid and Medical Assistance  Chapter 11.  Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act Article 2.  Definitions

(a) "Financial abuse" of an elder or dependent adult occurs when a person or entity does any of the following:  (1) Takes, secretes, appropriates, obtains, or retains real or personal property of an elder or dependent adult for a wrongful use or with intent to defraud, or both. (2) Assists in taking, secreting, appropriating, obtaining, or retaining real or personal property of an elder or dependent adult for a wrongful use or with intent to defraud, or both. (3) Takes, secretes, appropriates, obtains, or retains, or assists in taking, secreting, appropriating, obtaining, or retaining, real or personal property of an elder or dependent adult by undue influence, as defined in Section 15610.70.(b) A person or entity shall be deemed to have taken, secreted, appropriated, obtained, or retained property for a wrongful use if, among other things, the person or entity takes, secretes, appropriates, obtains, or retains the property and the person or entity knew or should have known that this conduct is likely to be harmful to the elder or dependent adult.(c) For purposes of this section, a person or entity takes, secretes, appropriates, obtains, or retains real or personal property when an elder or dependent adult is deprived of any property right, including by means of an agreement, donative transfer, or testamentary bequest, regardless of whether the property is held directly or by a representative of an elder or dependent adult.(d) For purposes of this section, "representative" means a person or entity that is either of the following: (1) A conservator, trustee, or other representative of the estate of an elder or dependent adult. (2) An attorney-in-fact of an elder or dependent adult who acts within the authority of the power of attorney.

Civil Elder Abuse
Cal Wel & Inst Code §§ 15600 through 15766 (2017)

Cal Wel & Inst Code § 15610.57 (2017)

WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE Division 9.  Public Social Services  Part 3.  Aid and Medical Assistance  Chapter 11.  Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act Article 2.  Definitions

(a) "Neglect" means either of the following:  (1) The negligent failure of any person having the care or custody of an elder or a dependent adult to exercise that degree of care that a reasonable person in a like position would exercise. (2) The negligent failure of an elder or dependent adult to exercise that degree of self care that a reasonable person in a like position would exercise.(b) Neglect includes, but is not limited to, all of the following: (1) Failure to assist in personal hygiene, or in the provision of food, clothing, or shelter. (2) Failure to provide medical care for physical and mental health needs. No person shall be deemed neglected or abused for the sole reason that he or she voluntarily relies on treatment by spiritual means through prayer alone in lieu of medical treatment. (3) Failure to protect from health and safety hazards. (4) Failure to prevent malnutrition or dehydration. (5) Failure of an elder or dependent adult to satisfy the needs specified in paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, for himself or herself as a result of poor cognitive functioning, mental limitation, substance abuse, or chronic poor health.

Civil Elder Abuse
Cal Wel & Inst Code §§ 15600 through 15766 (2017)

Cal Wel & Inst Code § 15610.63 (2017)

WELFARE AND INSTITUTIONS CODE Division 9.  Public Social Services  Part 3.  Aid and Medical Assistance  Chapter 11.  Elder Abuse and Dependent Adult Civil Protection Act Article 2.  Definitions

"Physical abuse" means any of the following:  (a) Assault, as defined in Section 240 of the Penal Code. (b) Battery, as defined in Section 242 of the Penal Code. (c) Assault with a deadly weapon or force likely to produce great bodily injury, as defined in Section 245 of the Penal Code. (d) Unreasonable physical constraint, or prolonged or continual deprivation of food or water. (e) Sexual assault, that means any of the following:   (1) Sexual battery, as defined in Section 243.4 of the Penal Code.   (2) Rape, as defined in Section 261 of the Penal Code.   (3) Rape in concert, as described in Section 264.1 of the Penal Code.   (4) Spousal rape, as defined in Section 262 of the Penal Code.   (5) Incest, as defined in Section 285 of the Penal Code.   (6) Sodomy, as defined in Section 286 of the Penal Code.   (7) Oral copulation, as defined in Section 288a of the Penal Code.   (8) Sexual penetration, as defined in Section 289 of the Penal Code.   (9) Lewd or lascivious acts as defined in paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 288 of the Penal Code. (f) Use of a physical or chemical restraint or psychotropic medication under any of the following conditions:   (1) For punishment.   (2) For a period beyond that for which the medication was ordered pursuant to the instructions of a physician and surgeon licensed in the State of California, who is providing medical care to the elder or dependent adult at the time the instructions are given.   (3) For any purpose not authorized by the physician and surgeon.

Civil Elder Abuse
§§ 192.2400 through 192.2505 R.S.Mo.  (2017)

§ 192.2400 R.S.Mo.  (2017)

Title 12.  Public Health and Welfare (Chs. 188-215)  Chapter 192.  Department of Health  Protective Services For Adults

  (1) "Abuse", the infliction of physical, sexual, or emotional injury or harm including financial exploitation by any person, firm, or corporation and bullying;

 (2) "Bullying", intimidation or harassment that causes a reasonable person to fear for his or her physical safety or property and may consist of physical actions including gestures; cyberbullying; oral, electronic, or written communication; and any threat of retaliation for reporting of such acts;

  (15) "Neglect", the failure to provide services to an eligible adult by any person, firm or corporation with a legal or contractual duty to do so, when such failure presents either an imminent danger to the health, safety, or welfare of the client or a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm would result;

Civil Elder Abuse
10 GCA §§ 21001 through 21011

10 GCA HEALTH AND SAFETY
CHAPTER  2 DIVISION OF PUBLIC WELFARE
ARTICLE 10 ADULT PROTECTIVE SERVICES

(a) Abandonment refers to the desertion of an elderly or adult with a disability by his or her caregiver under circumstances in which a reasonable person would continue to provide care or custody.

(g) Desertion refers to the act by which a person abandons and forsakes, without justification, a condition of public, social, or family life, renouncing its responsibilities and evading its duties.

(j) Emotional or Psychological Abuse means fear, agitation, confusion, severe depression, or other forms of serious emotional distress that is brought about by forms of intimidating behavior, threats, harassment, or by deceptive acts or false or misleading statements made with malicious intent to agitate, confuse, frighten, or cause severe depression or serious emotional distress of the elderly or adult with a disability.

(l) Financial or Property Exploitation means illegal or improper use of an elderly or adult with a disability's money, property, or other resources for monetary or personal benefit, profit or gain. This includes, but is not limited to, theft, misappropriation, concealment, misuse or fraudulent deprivation of money or property belonging to the elderly or adult with a disability.

(o) Neglect means the failure of a reasonable caregiver to provide for the physical, mental or emotional health and well-being of the elderly or adult with a disability and includes, but is not limited to: (1) Failure to assist or provide personal hygiene for the elderly or adult with a disability. (2) Failure to provide adequate food, water, clothing or shelter. (3) Failure to provide medical care for the physical and mental health of the elderly or adult with a disability. No person shall be deemed neglected or abused for the sole reason that he or she voluntarily relies on treatment by spiritual means through prayer alone in lieu of medical treatment. (4) Failure to protect an elderly or adult with a disability from health, safety hazards, or physical harm.

(p) Physical Abuse means the willful infliction of or omission which results in physical harm. It includes, but is not limited to, cruel punishment resulting in physical harm or pain or mental anguish, such as direct beatings, slapping, kicking, biting, choking, burning or unreasonable physical restraint or confinement resulting in physical injury.

(t) Sexual Abuse means any form of non-consensual sexual contact, including but not limited to, unwanted or inappropriate sexual gratification, touching, rape, sodomy, sexual coercion, sexually explicit photographing, sexual harassment, involuntary exposure to sexually explicit material or language, and as defined in the penal code of Guam.

Civil Elder Abuse
R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

R.R.S. Neb. § 28-351  (2017)

Chapter 28  Crimes and Punishments  Article 3  Offenses Against the Person  (b)  Adult Protective Services Act

Abuse means any knowing or intentional act on the part of a caregiver or any other person which results in physical injury, unreasonable confinement, cruel punishment, sexual abuse, or sexual exploitation of a vulnerable adult.

Civil Elder Abuse
R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

§ 28-354.  Cruel punishment, defined.

Chapter 28  Crimes and Punishments  Article 3  Offenses Against the Person  (b)  Adult Protective Services Act

Cruel punishment shall mean punishment which intentionally causes physical injury to a vulnerable adult.

Civil Elder Abuse
R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

R.R.S. Neb. § 28-358  (2017)

Chapter 28  Crimes and Punishments  Article 3  Offenses Against the Person  (b)  Adult Protective Services Act

Exploitation means the wrongful or unauthorized taking, withholding, appropriation, conversion, control, or use of money, funds, securities, assets, or any other property of a vulnerable adult or senior adult by any person by means of undue influence, breach of a fiduciary relationship, deception, extortion, intimidation, force or threat of force, isolation, or any unlawful means or by the breach of a fiduciary duty by the guardian, conservator, agent under a power of attorney, trustee, or any other fiduciary of a vulnerable adult or senior adult.

Civil Elder Abuse
R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

R.R.S. Neb. § 28-361.01  (2017)

Chapter 28  Crimes and Punishments  Article 3  Offenses Against the Person  (b)  Adult Protective Services Act

Neglect means any knowing or intentional act or omission on the part of a caregiver to provide essential services or the failure of a vulnerable adult, due to physical or mental impairments, to perform self-care or obtain essential services to such an extent that there is actual physical injury to a vulnerable adult or imminent danger of the vulnerable adult suffering physical injury or death.

Civil Elder Abuse
R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

R.R.S. Neb. § 28-363  (2017)

Chapter 28  Crimes and Punishments  Article 3  Offenses Against the Person  (b)  Adult Protective Services Act

Physical injury shall mean damage to bodily tissue caused by nontherapeutic conduct, including, but not limited to, fractures, bruises, lacerations, internal injuries, or dislocations, and shall include, but not be limited to, physical pain, illness, or impairment of physical function.

Civil Elder Abuse
R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

R.R.S. Neb. § 28-367.01  (2017)

Chapter 28  Crimes and Punishments  Article 3  Offenses Against the Person  (b)  Adult Protective Services Act

Sexual exploitation includes, but is not limited to, a violation of section 28-311.08 and causing, allowing, permitting, inflicting, or encouraging a vulnerable adult to engage in voyeurism, in exhibitionism, in prostitution, or in the lewd, obscene, or pornographic photographing, filming, or depiction of the vulnerable adult.

Civil Elder Abuse
R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

R.R.S. Neb. § 28-367  (2017)

R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

Sexual abuse shall include sexual assault as described in section 28-319 or 28-320 and incest as described in section 28-703.

Civil Elder Abuse
R.R.S. Neb. §§ 28-348 through 28-387 (2017)

R.R.S. Neb. § 28-370  (2017)

Chapter 28  Crimes and Punishments  Article 3  Offenses Against the Person  (b)  Adult Protective Services Act

Unreasonable confinement means confinement which intentionally causes physical injury to a vulnerable adult or false imprisonment as described in section 28-314 or 28-315.

Civil Elder Abuse
O.C.G.A. §§ 30-5-1 through 30-5-10 (2017)

O.C.G.A. § 30-5-3  (2017)

TITLE 30.  HANDICAPPED PERSONS  CHAPTER 5.  PROTECTION OF DISABLED ADULTS AND ELDER PERSONS

   (1) "Abuse" means the willful infliction of physical pain, physical injury, sexual abuse, mental anguish, unreasonable confinement, or the willful deprivation of essential services to a disabled adult or elder person.

 (8) "Exploitation" means the illegal or improper use of a disabled adult or elder person or that person's resources through undue influence, coercion, harassment, duress, deception, false representation, false pretense, or other similar means for one's own or another's profit or advantage.

   (14) "Neglect" means the absence or omission of essential services to the degree that it harms or threatens with harm the physical or emotional health of a disabled adult or elder person.

  (18) "Sexual abuse" means the coercion for the purpose of self-gratification by a guardian or other person supervising the welfare or having immediate charge, control, or custody of a disabled adult or elder person to engage in any of the following conduct:       (A) Lewd exhibition of the genitals or pubic area of any person;      (B) Flagellation or torture by or upon a person who is unclothed or partially unclothed;      (C) Condition of being fettered, bound, or otherwise physically restrained on the part of a person who is unclothed or partially clothed unless physical restraint is medically indicated;      (D) Physical contact in an act of sexual stimulation or gratification with any person's unclothed genitals, pubic area, or buttocks or with a female's nude breasts;      (E) Defecation or urination for the purpose of sexual stimulation of the viewer; or      (F) Penetration of the vagina or rectum by any object except when done as part of a recognized medical or nursing procedure.

Civil Elder Abuse
8 L.P.R.A. §§ 341 through 347

TITLE EIGHT Public Welfare and Charitable Institutions > Chapter 18. Bill of Rights for Elderly Persons

(g) Physical abuse.— Any injury or condition which provokes or creates a substantial risk which may cause the disfigurement or temporary or permanent disability of any bodily part or function, or other forms of bodily harm or injury.

(h) Mental or physical abuse.— Any act or conduct which may bring dishonor, discredit or create contempt for personal values, unreasonable limitation of access and management of goods or chattels, isolation, lack of access to proper sustenance or rest, threats, or destruction of objects dear to the person.

(k) Financial exploitation.— The improper use of an adult’s funds, property or resources by another individual including, but not limited to, fraud, false pretenses, embezzlement, conspiracy, forgery, falsifying records, coercion, property transfers or denial of access to assets.

Civil Elder Abuse
HRS §§  346-221 through 346-253 (2017)

HRS § 346-222  (2017)

Division 1.  Government  Title 20  Social Services  Chapter 346  Department of Human Services  Part X.  Adult Protective Services

  "Abuse" means any of the following, separately or in combination:         (1) Physical abuse;         (2) Psychological abuse;         (3) Sexual abuse;         (4) Financial exploitation;         (5) Caregiver neglect; or         (6) Self-neglect;      each as further defined in this chapter. Abuse does not include, and a determination of abuse shall not be based solely on, physical, psychological, or financial conditions that result when a vulnerable adult seeks, or when a caregiver provides or permits to be provided, treatment with the express consent of the vulnerable adult or in accordance with the vulnerable adult's religious or spiritual practices.

   "Caregiver neglect" means the failure of a caregiver to exercise that degree of care for a vulnerable adult that a reasonable person with the responsibility of a caregiver would exercise within the scope of the caregiver's assumed, legal or contractual duties, including but not limited to the failure to:         (1) Assist with personal hygiene;         (2) Protect the vulnerable adult from abandonment;        (3) Provide, in a timely manner, necessary food, shelter, or clothing;         (4) Provide, in a timely manner, necessary health care, access to health care, prescribed medication, psychological care, physical care, or supervision;         (5) Protect the vulnerable adult from dangerous, harmful, or detrimental drugs, as defined in section 712-1240; provided that this paragraph shall not apply to drugs that are provided to the vulnerable adult pursuant to the direction or prescription of a practitioner, as defined in section 712-1240;         (6) Protect the vulnerable adult from health and safety hazards; or         (7) Protect the vulnerable adult from abuse by third parties.

  "Financial exploitation" means the wrongful taking, withholding, appropriation, or use of a vulnerable adult's money, real property, or personal property, including but not limited to:         (1) The breach of a fiduciary duty, such as the misuse of a power of attorney or the misuse of guardianship privileges, resulting in the unauthorized appropriation, sale, or transfer of property;         (2) The unauthorized taking of personal assets;         (3) The misappropriation or misuse of moneys belonging to the vulnerable adult from a personal or joint account; or         (4) The failure to effectively use a vulnerable adult's income and assets for the necessities required for the vulnerable adult's support and maintenance, by a person with a duty to expend income and assets on behalf of the vulnerable adult for such purposes.    Financial exploitation may be accomplished through coercion, manipulation, threats, intimidation, misrepresentation, or exertion of undue influence.

  "Physical abuse" means:          (1) The nonaccidental infliction of physical or bodily injury, pain, or impairment, including but not limited to hitting, slapping, causing burns or bruises, poisoning, or improper physical restraint; or         (2) Causing physical injuries that are not justifiably explained or where the history given for an injury is at variance with the degree or type of injury.

 "Psychological abuse" means the infliction of mental or emotional distress by use of threats, insults, harassment, humiliation, provocation, intimidation, or other means that profoundly confuse or frighten a vulnerable adult.

 "Sexual abuse" means nonconsensual sexual contact or conduct caused by another person, including but not limited to:          (1) Sexual assault, molestation, sexual fondling, incest, or prostitution; or         (2) Pornographic photographing, filming, or depiction.

Civil Elder Abuse
22 M.R.S. §§ 3470 through § 3493  (2017)

22 M.R.S. § 3472  (2017)

Title 22.  Health and Welfare  Subtitle 3.  Income Supplementation  Part 2.  Aged, Blind, Disabled or Medically Indigent Persons  Chapter 958-A.  Adult Protective Services Act Subchapter 1.  General Provisions

 1. Abuse.   "Abuse" means the infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation or cruel punishment that causes or is likely to cause physical harm or pain or mental anguish; sexual abuse or sexual exploitation; financial exploitation; or the intentional, knowing or reckless deprivation of essential needs. "Abuse" includes acts and omissions.

 9. Exploitation.  "Exploitation" means the illegal or improper use of an incapacitated or dependent adult or that adult's resources for another's profit or advantage.

  9-A. Financial exploitation.  "Financial exploitation" means the use of deception, intimidation, undue influence, force or other unlawful means to obtain control over the property of a dependent adult for another's profit or advantage.

  11. Neglect.  "Neglect" means a threat to an adult's health or welfare by physical or mental injury or impairment, deprivation of essential needs or lack of protection from these.

15. Sexual abuse or sexual exploitation.  "Sexual abuse or sexual exploitation" means contact or interaction of a sexual nature involving an incapacitated or dependent adult without that adult's informed consent.

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