Due to the lapse in appropriations, Department of Justice websites will not be regularly updated. The Department’s essential law enforcement and national security functions will continue. Please refer to the Department of Justice’s contingency plan for more information.



United States v. Nathaniel Swanson, (W.D. Wash.): On January 24 and 17, 2014, Cheuk Yin Ko, Nathaniel Swanson, and Tak Ming Tsang were sentenced after previously pleading guilty to conspiracy to smuggle various turtle and reptile species from the United States.  Working with two foreign nationals residing in the United States, including Tsang, Swanson illegally exported species including Eastern box turtles, North American wood turtles, and ornate box turtles to buyers located in Hong Kong.  Swanson also was involved in importing several protected species from Hong Kong, including black-breasted leaf turtles, Chinese striped-necked turtles, big-headed turtles, fly river turtles, and an Arakan forest turtle.  The Arakan forest turtle is critically endangered, having once been presumed extinct.  The illegal trafficking spanned approximately four years.
As part of the sentencing, Ko was ordered to forfeit almost 150 reptiles, including 40 eastern box turtles, ten ball pythons, four Gila monsters, and one boa constrictor.  Ka Ho Cheng, Toni Ngai, and Leung Yan Fai remain under indictment.  Animals that survived and were seized by law enforcement have been receiving care from wildlife rehabilitation centers and local zoos.

Swanson will serve one year and one day of incarceration, followed by three years’ supervised release.  Tsang and Ko will serve six and five months’ incarceration, respectively.  Tsang also will be subject to two years’ supervised release.  All three defendants were held jointly and severally liable for $28,583 in restitution to be paid as follows:  $16,029 to the Sarvey Wildlife Care Center and $12,554 to the Woodland Park Zoo.  http://www.justice.gov/usao/waw/press/2014/January/swanson.html

United States v. Enrique Gomez De Molina, (S.D. Fla.): From 2009 to 2011, Enrique Gomez De Molina illegally imported parts of protected wildlife from Southeast Asia to the United States in violation of the Lacey Act.  Among the illegal shipments De Molina procured were cobras, pangolins, hornbills, babirusa (a species of pig), orangutans, Java kingfishers, and a Slow Loris. De Molina pleaded guilty to a Lacey Act violation for smuggling wildlife and was sentenced to serve 20 months’ incarceration, followed by a one-year term of supervised release, a $6,000 fine, and ordered to forfeit all of the smuggled wildlife in his possession.  www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2012/March/12-enrd-276.html

Updated May 6, 2015

Was this page helpful?

Was this page helpful?
Yes No