ECS has successfully prosecuted a large number Clean Air Act (CAA) cases involving the unlawful removal of regulated asbestos-containing materials from buildings and other structures in connection with renovations and demolitions. One illustrative example is the conviction of Buddy Frazier and his associates, Chance Gaines and James Bragg, who were prosecuted for multiple CAA asbestos work practice and worker identification violations at an asbestos-abatement project that preceded a demolition of a manufacturing building in Marshfield, Wisconsin. As part of the project, the defendants recruited untrained, homeless men from a community kitchen in Chattanooga, Tennessee, obtained fraudulent asbestos training identification cards for these workers, and directed them to strip asbestos pipe insulation without first wetting the material, thereby exposing them to the severe health risks associated with asbestos inhalation. Frazier, Gaines, and Bragg were sentenced to prison for 30, 33, and 24 months, respectively. In connection with this prosecution, the Environmental Crimes Section launched a nationwide project with the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Coalition for the Homeless to halt the exploitation of homeless and itinerant workers for illegal asbestos work. The sentences were affirmed by the 7th Circuit in April 2000.