Republic of Belarus

Citizenship and Identification Documents

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BLR103148.E - Reports of organized crime networks providing fraudulent documents to individuals seeking to leave the country - May 2009 (PDF)
    • BLR102039.E - Procedures that must be followed for a person to obtain Belarusian citizenship if this person was born in the Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic but left the Soviet Union before 1991; procedures that this person must follow to obtain Belarusian citizenship for his or her child; whether consent of the second parent is required if the parents are divorced; applicant's status in Belarus while awaiting Belarusian citizenship; rights and restrictions associated with this status - January 2007 (PDF)
    • BLR100647.E - Situation regarding fraudulent documents provided by organized crime networks to individuals seeking to leave the country (January 2003 - November 2005) - Nov 2005 (PDF)
    • BLR100646.E - Whether Belarusian citizenship is lost when a citizen migrates to another country, including Israel (September 2002 - November 2005) - November 2005 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BYS42125.E - Conditions under which child-protection authorities are authorized to take a child away from his/her single mother, including whether a parent's homosexual orientation constitutes a condition that justifies the removal of a child from his/her single mother; documents required to prove that the conditions/circumstances for the removal of the child actually exist - Oct 2003 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Coalition to stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Persons with Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Security Peace and Order: Violations in the Wake of Elections in Belarus - 2011 (PDF)
  • Election Guide - Recent elections
  • Freedom in the World - 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Country Summry - Parliamentary Elections - 2013 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National / Racial / Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Belarus Overview - 2012 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Roma

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BLR100651.E - Treatment of Roma, state protection, and state programs (January 2003 - November 2005) - November 2005 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Jews

Non-Government Organizations Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - 2015 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Russians

Non-Government Organizations Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Russians Profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Poles

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - 2015 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Ukrainians

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Ukrainian Profile (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BLR102583.E - State protection available to women who are victims of domestic violence (2005 - September 2007) - Oct 2007 (PDF)
    • BLR100655.E - State protection available to women who are victims of domestic violence and to those who are victims of societal violence (2002 - 2005) - January 2006 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Human Rights - Oct 2008 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BLR37799 - Nov 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the March of Freedom 2, including the organizers, location, aim, reaction of authorities etc.
      2. Please provide similar information on the October Square protests in 2006.
      3. Please provide evidence on an organization called Spring.
      4. Could you confirm that the General Public Prosecutor is Grigory Alekseevich.
      5. Is there any information on returnee asylum seekers to Belarus?
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)

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Law

  • On alteration and amendments of some legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus in connection with accession of the Republic of Belarus to the Convention on the Status of Refugees and Protocol Related to the Status of Refugees - June 2010 (PDF)
  • On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organisations - Jan. 2010 (PDF)
  • On Political Parties - Jan. 2010 (PDF)
  • Law on Mass Media - July 2009 (PDF)
  • On Child's Rights - November 2008 (PDF)
  • On External Labour Migration - July 2008 (PDF)
  • On Granting Refugee Status, Complementary and Temporary Protection to Foreign Citizens and Stateless Persons in the Republic of Belarus - June 2008 (PDF)
  • Electoral Code of the Republic of Belarus - Oct. 2006 (PDF)
  • On the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus - Nov. 2005 (PDF)
  • On Prevention of the Consequences of Trafficking in Human Beings - Aug 2005 (PDF)
  • Certain Measures Aimed to Combat Trafficking in Persons - March 2005 (PDF)
  • Law of The Republic of Belarus on Refugees - Jan. 2003 (PDF)
  • On alteration and amendments of some legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus in connection with accession of the Republic of Belarus to the Convention on the Status of Refugees and Protocol Related to the Status of Refugees - Jan 2003 (PDF)
  • On Citizenship of the Republic of Belarus - June 2002 (PDF)
  • Law of the Republic of Belarus on the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BYS42966.E - The criminal charges that would have been laid under Article 361 part 2 of the Criminal Code of Belarus in July 2002; circumstances in which authorities would use this section; whether English wording of this section can be obtained - October 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profile
    • In the name of Security - Counterterrorism Laws Worldwide since September 11 - 2012 (PDF)

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Maps


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Medical Availability

Intergovernmental Organization Reports
  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Key Documents - Political Rights - Oct 2008 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BLR37799 - Nov 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide a brief overview of the political situation in Belarus.
      2. Please provide information on how the Lukashenko regime deals with opposition and criticism and whether there is evidence of arrests, torture, beatings, and other repercussions such as expulsion from university or criminal framing of opposition activists.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BLR102281.E - Treatment of opposition party members since the election of President Alexandr Lukashenko (March 2006 - February 2007) - March 2007 (PDF)
    • BLR100649.E - The treatment of members of the Belarusian Popular Front (BPF) and the availability of state protection for them (2001 - 2005) - November 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Council of Europe

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Key Document - Religious Freedom - Oct 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BLR100654.E - Treatment of members of the Greek Rite Catholic Church in Belarus by government and non-government agents and availability of state protection (2002 - 2005) - January 2006 (PDF)
    • BLR100653.E - Treatment of members of non-traditional religious groups, in particular Evangelical Christian groups, by state and non-state actors - January 2006 (PDF)
    • BLR100650.E - Anti-semitic nationalist organizations in Belarus and the availability of state protection to their victims - January 2006 (PDF)
    • BLR100652.E - Treatment of Jehovah's Witnesses by the state and the general population and the availability of state protection (2002-2005) - December 2005 (PDF)
    • BYS43104.E - Update to BYS35876.E of 28 November 2000 on the situation of religious minorities, with particular reference to the law and its application, societal attitudes and the Jewish community (January 2001 - October 2004) - November 2004 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BLR100656.E - Attitude towards homosexuals and lesbians in Belarus; state protection available to non-heterosexuals in Belarus with special attention to Minsk (2000 - 2005) - January 2006 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Report
  • Amnesty International - Less Equal: LGBTI Human Rights Defenders in Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan - December 2017 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Organized Crime

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BLR103148.E - Reports of organized crime networks providing fraudulent documents to individuals seeking to leave the country - May 2009 (PDF)
    • BLR100647.E - Situation regarding fraudulent documents provided by organized crime networks to individuals seeking to leave the country (January 2003 - November 2005) - Nov 2005 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Key Document - Freedom of Speech and Media - Oct 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports Law

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Timeline

US Government Reports Media

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Trafficking

US Government Reports

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - Eastern Europe and Central Asia - 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

Not Available


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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • BLR37799 - Nov 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on how the Lukashenko regime deals with opposition and criticism and whether there is evidence of arrests, torture, beatings, and other repercussions such as expulsion from university or criminal framing of opposition activists.

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Updated July 10, 2018

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