Republic of Burundi

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI106073.FE - Burundi: Airport security screening procedures for passengers boarding international flights; reports of persons sought by the authorities being stopped at the airport by security services - Mar. 2018 (PDF
    • ZZZ105753.E - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda: Ability to travel from Burundi to neighbouring countries, including obstacles and resettlement - Mar. 2017 (PDF)
    • BDI105709.FE - Burundi: Issuance, appearance and content of civil status documents, including death, birth and marriage certificates and excerpts of such certificates; issuance, appearance and content of a death certificate excerpt issued by the Civil Registrar - Jan. 2017 (PDF)
    • BDI104778.FE - Burundi: The requirements and procedures to obtain a national identity card; description of the national identity card - Mar. 2014 (PDF)
    • BDI104779.FE - Burundi: Membership cards of the National Liberation Forces (Forces nationales de libération, FNL) party - Mar. 2014 (PDF)
    • BDI104777.FE - Burundi: The requirements and procedures for obtaining a biometric passport, from within Burundi or from abroad; description of biometric passports - Mar. 2014 (PDF)
    • BDI104036.FE - Burundi: The practices involved in issuing proof of birth documents, particularly in Bujumbura; whether proof of birth documents are normally issued at birth; if not, when they are normally issued and for what purpose; the information and documents that parents must provide when applying for a proof of birth document several years after the birth of their child; the documents required to register a child at school - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI104233.FE - Burundi: Procedure for obtaining a medical report from inside Burundi and from outside the country; whether there is a nation-wide standard format for medical reports; whether physicians are required to notify the police of injuries sustained as a result of acts of violence - Jan. 2013 (PDF)
    • ZZZ104039.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo/Burundi/Rwanda: Travel between these countries, including whether a passport is required to travel between them, and other documents used for travel - Mar. 2012 (PDF)
    • BDI103895.E - Burundi: The format of the date of birth on a passport and whether it ever varies - Nov. 2011 (PDF)
    • BDI103301.FE - Burundi: The format of the birth date in Burundian passports; whether more than three letters are sometimes used to abbreviate the month - Oct. 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI103183.FE - Burundi: Information on the procedure to follow and the documents required to obtain a birth certificate and a national identity card; whether a new national identity card can be obtained if a card is in poor condition; whether the birth certificate is stored by the regional passport office; the magnitude of fraud involving identity documents, particularly passports, visas, birth certificates and marriage certificates - June 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI102768.FE - Burundi: Procedures for obtaining a passport for a minor; whether a minor can take possession of his or her own passport - Mar. 2008 (PDF)
    • BDI102451.FE - Burundi: The procedure followed and documents required to obtain a Burundian passport; whether someone outside Burundi can obtain a passport and whether a third party can apply on that person's behalf; the existence of fake passports - Mar. 2007 (PDF)
    • BDI102295.FE - Burundi: Citizenship legislation; procedures for obtaining citizenship; whether dual citizenship is possible and, if so, how to obtain it; procedures for renouncing citizenship and the necessary documents; grounds for revoking citizenship - Jan. 2007 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI104438.FE - Burundi: Frequency of forced and early marriages, as well as legislation; protection and assistance provided by the state and civil society - June 2013 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Paying the Price: Violations of the Rights of Children in Detention in Burundi - Mar. 2007 (PDF)
    • Child Soldier Use 2003 - Jan. 2004 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • International Crisis Group
    • Burundi: A Deepening Corruption Crisis - March 2012 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Disabilities - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2016 (PDF) 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Burundi: Locked down: A shrinking of political space - July 2014 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Burundi: A Dangerous Third Term - May 2016 (PDF)
    • Elections in Burundi: Moment of Truth - Apr. 2015 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Bye Bye Arysha? - Oct. 2012 (PDF)
    • Burundi: From Electoral Boycott to Political Impasse - Feb. 2011 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Ensuring Credible Elections - Feb. 2010 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk - Nov. 2006 (PDF)
    • End of the Transition in Burundi: The Home Stretch - July 2004 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National/Racial/Ethinic Minorities - 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI105629.E - Burundi: List of all the neighbourhoods of Bujumbura, including the ethnicity and socio-economic status of the inhabitants of those neighbourhoods (2014 - September 2016) - September 2016 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the Worlds Minorities - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities - Overview - 2015 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Hutus

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI106059.FE - Burundi: Treatment of people born of mixed Hutu-Tutsi couples by members of these two groups; state protection - Feb. 2018 (PDF)
    • BDI103167.FE - Burundi: Whether former Hutu rebels occupy land belonging to Tutsis; treatment of people who try to recover their land; protection provided, including the legal procedure for recovering land - June 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI102766.FE - Burundi: The ethnicity of a person born of a Tutsi mother and a Hutu father or vice versa; the treatment of people born of mixed couples by members of these two ethnic groups; state protection available - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
    • BDI102641.E - Burundi: Situation of Hutu women born abroad to Burundian parents - Oct. 2007 (PDF)
Non-Government Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the current situation between Hutus and Tutsis - May 2011(PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Tutsis

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI106059.FE - Burundi: Treatment of people born of mixed Hutu-Tutsi couples by members of these two groups; state protection - Feb. 2018 (PDF)
    • BDI105750.FE - Burundi: The situation of the Tutsi, including the Tutsi elite; their treatment by the authorities and by society;and protection provided to them - Mar. 2017 (PDF)
    • BDI104281.FE - Burundi: The situation of Tutsis, including their treatment by society and the authorities; state protection and support services available to them - Mar. 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI103167.FE - Burundi: Whether former Hutu rebels occupy land belonging to Tutsis; treatment of people who try to recover their land; protection provided, including the legal procedure for recovering land - June 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI103144.FE - Burundi: The situation in 2009 of Tutsi civilians who were members of the Guardians of the Peace (Gardiens de la paix) during the genocide of 1995-2005 - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI102765.FE - Burundi: Whether Tutsis, particularly young Tutsis, are victims of mistreatment - Mar. 2008 (PDF)
    • BDI102766.FE - Burundi: The ethnicity of a person born of a Tutsi mother and a Hutu father or vice versa; the treatment of people born of mixed couples by members of these two ethnic groups; state protection available - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
    • BDI100039.FE - Burundi: Situation of members of the Tutsi ethnic group, including members of the Union for National Progress (Union nationale pour le progrès, UPRONA); the measures taken by the Tutsi government to ensure their protection against extremist Hutu militias - May 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Reports
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the current situation between Hutus and Tutsis - May 2011(PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Twa

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Twa - 2015 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI104437.FE - Burundi: Protection and resources for women victims of spousal abuse - June 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI103370.FE - Burundi: The frequency of forced marriages in Burundi; state protection available - Feb. 2010 (PDF)
    • BDI102641.E - Burundi: Situation of Hutu women born abroad to Burundian parents - Oct. 2007 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International
    • Burundi: No protection from rape in war and peace - Oct. 2007 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Policy Paralysis: A Call for Action on HIV/AIDS-Related Human Rights Abuses Against Women and Girls in Africa - Dec. 2003 (PDF)
    • Seeking Protection: Addressing Sexual and Domestic Violence inTanzania's Refugee Camps - Oct. 2000 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI106061.FE - Burundi: At what age are people considered elderly; treatment of the elderly by society and the authorities, including those who are political militants - Feb. 2018 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Burundi: Time for change: a human rights review: Submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review - July 2012 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Locked down: A shrinking of political space - July 2014 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “We Will Beat You to Correct You” Abuses Ahead of Burundi’s Constitutional Referendum - May 2018 (PDF)
    • "You Will Not Have Peace While You Are Living" The Escalation of Political Violence in Burundi - May 2012 (PDF)
    • Closing Doors? The Narrowing of Democratic Space in Burundi - Nov. 2010 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Missteps at a Crucial Moment - Nov. 2005 (PDF)
    • Everyday Victims: Civilians in the Burundian War - Dec. 2003 (PDF)
    • To Protect the People: The Government-sponsored "Self-defense" Program in Burundi - Dec. 2001 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI103169.FE - Burundi: status of land disputes and process for recovering property seized by people in power during the genocides; whether Hutus are mistreated by Tutsis when dealing with property issues; obstacles to recovering property and the possibility of restitution - June 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI102767.E - Burundi: The treatment of persons called to testify in a criminal case; protection offered to persons who are targeted following their testimony - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "We'll Tie You Up and Shoot You" Lack of Accountability for Political Violence in Burundi - May 2010 (PDF)
    • Mob Justice in Burundi: Official Complicity and Impunity - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • "Every Morning They Beat Me" Police Abuses in Burundi - May 2008 (PDF)
    • "We flee when we see them" Abuses with Impunity at the National Intelligence Service in Burundi - Oct. 2006 (PDF)
    • Warning Signs: Continuing Abuses in Burundi - Feb. 2006 (PDF)

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Law

Not Available


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Maps


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Medical Availability

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • A High Price to Pay: Detention of Poor Patients in Burundian Hospitals - Sept. 2006 (PDF)
    • Policy Paralysis: A Call for Action on HIV/AIDS-Related Human Rights Abuses Against Women and Girls in Africa - Dec. 2003 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections and Political Parties - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI106060.FE - Burundi: The Imbonerakure, including their activities and their ties to the authorities, specifically with the Bujumbura police; whether they are able to find a person in all parts of the country and abroad or prevent a person from exiting the country - Mar. 2018 (PDF)
    • BDI105752.FE - Burundi: The National Liberation Forces political party; the treatment of FNL members by the authorities - Mar. 2017 (PDF)
    • BDI105710.FE - Burundi: Membership cards of the National Council for the Defence of Democracy - Forces for the Defence of Democracy (Conseil national pour la défense de la démocratie - Forces pour la défense de la démocratie, CNDD-FDD) and their issuance (2004-2016) - Dec. 2016 (PDF)
    • BDI104498.FE - Burundi: Movement for Solidarity and Democracy (Mouvement pour la solidarité et la démocratie, MSD) in the commune of Ngagara, including its structure; the names of its mobilizers and treasurer; treatment of members by the authorities - July 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI104562.FE - Burundi: Ties between the Imbonerakure and the provincial police commissioner in Bubanza - Aug. 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI104343.FE - Burundi: The Imbonerakure, including their profile, activities and ties to the authorities, particularly the police in Bujumbura; whether they are able to locate a person anywhere in the country or to prevent a person from leaving the country - Mar. 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI104297.E - Burundi: Front for Democracy in Burundi (Frodebu), including treatment of its members and their families by government authorities - Feb. 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI104286.FE - Burundi: Movement for Solidarity and Democracy (MSD), including its structure and membership card; participation at the meeting organized by the Frodebu party on 18 November 2012; treatment of the party and its members by the authorities - Feb. 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI103149.FE - Burundi: Treatment of members of the former Baganwa royal family by the government authorities, Tutsis and Hutus - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI103150.FE - Burundi: Role of members of the former royal family, the Baganwa (singular, Ganwa) in the political arena; whether a movement supporting the return of the monarchy in Burundi exists; whether the Baganwa have facial traits that distinguish them from Hutus and Tutsis - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI103151.E - Burundi: The Party for the Restoration of Monarchy and Dialogue (Parti pour la restauration de la monarchie et le dialogue, ABAHUZA); background, leaders, structure; treatment by the government and society. - May 2009 (PDF)
    • BDI102764.FE - Burundi: Insecurity that followed the release of former Hutu rebels of the National Council for the Defence of Democracy (Conseil national pour la défense de la démocratie, CNDD); occupations of these former rebels after being released - Mar. 2008 (PDF)
    • BDI43522.FE - Whether a group called "Amasekaya" exists and, if so, its objectives, structure, and participation in demonstrations in Bujumbura, particularly in those that took place in March and May 2004 - April 2005 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Conform or flee: Repression and insecurity pushing Burundians into exile  - Sept. 2017 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • “We Will Beat You to Correct You” Abuses Ahead of Burundi’s Constitutional Referendum - May 2018 (PDF)
    • Pursuit of Power: Political Violence and Repression in Burundi - June 2009 (PDF)
    • Warning Signs: Continuing Abuses in Burundi - Feb. 2006 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Helping the Burundian People Cope with the Economic Crisis - Aug. 2018 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk - Nov. 2006 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ105754.E - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda: Activities of Burundian militias in Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo,Tanzania and Uganda, including relationship with Burundian refugees - Mar. 2017 (PDF)
    • ZZZ105753.E - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda: Ability to travel from Burundi to neighbouring countries, including obstacles and resettlement - Mar. 2017 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Conform or flee: Repression and insecurity pushing Burundians into exile  - Sept 2017 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Refugees and Displaced Person in Burundi: Defusing the Land Time-Bomb - Oct. 2003 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religeous Freedom Report - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI104471.E - Burundi: Treatment of the followers of the religious leader Eusébie Ngendakumana (also known as Zebiya) by authorities - June 2013 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2016 (PDF) 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • BDI104527.FE - Burundi: Treatment by the state and by society of activists who promote the rights of sexual minorities, without being member of a sexual minority themselves; the law, and whether the state can take action against these activists under legislation; treatment of sexual minorities and activists by the Imbonerakure - Aug. 2013 (PDF)
    • BDI104299.FE - Burundi: Treatment of sexual minorities, including legislation, state protection and support services - Feb. 2013 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Forbidden: Institutionalizing Discrimination against Gays and Lesbians in Burundi - July 2009 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Burundi Civil War

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Proxy Targets: Civilians in the War in Burundi - Mar. 1998 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Fields of Bitterness (II) - Restitution and Reconciliation in Burundi - Feb. 2014 (PDF)
    • Fields of Bitterness (I) - Land Reform in Burundi - Feb. 2014 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Finalising Peace with the FNL - Aug. 2007 (PDF)
    • A Framework for Responsible Aid for Burundi - Feb. 2003 (PDF)
    • Burundi after Six Months of Transition: Continuing the War or Winning Peace? - May 2002 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Peace Process

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • International Crisis Group
    • Burundi: One Hundred Days to Put the Peace Process Back on Track - Aug. 2001 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Breaking the Deadlock, the Urgent Need for a New Negotiating Framework - May 2001 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Neither War nor Peace - Dec. 2000 (PDF)
    • The Mandela Effect: Prospects for Peace in Burundi - April 2000 (PDF)
    • Burundi: The Issues at Stake, Political Parties, Freedom of the Press and Political Prisoners - July 2000 (PDF)
    • Burundian Refugees in Tanzania: The Key Factor to the Burundi Peace Process - Nov. 1999 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Internal and Regional Implications of the Suspension of Sanctions - May 1999 (PDF)
    • Burundi: Proposals for the Resumption of Bilateral and Multilateral Co-operation - May 1999 (PDF)
    • Burundi's Peace Process, The Road from Arusha - July 1998 (PDF)
    • Burundi Under Seige: Lift the Sanctions; Re-launch the Peace Process - April 1998 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Freedom House
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)

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Timeline

Trafficking

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Trafficking in Persons - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • State Department Trafficking in Persons Report - 2018 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)

 

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Terrorism

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)

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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2016 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

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Updated September 13, 2018

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