Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports
  • State Department - Country Documents
  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Citizenship and Nationality - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH35186 - July 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide any information on the issuance of birth certificates in Ethiopia from around late 1980s or so?
    • ETH34802 - May 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information concerning registration of births and deaths - procedures, general requirements.
      2. Please provide information about the requirements or procedure for burials. Is a burial permit required for a person can be buried in a cemetery?
    • ETH34594 - May 2009 (PDF)
      1. Do courts or other authorities in Ethiopia routinely or ever endorse a person's identity card to show that an individual has a case outstanding to prevent them from leaving the country? If so, what is the purpose of the endorsement?
      2. Are persons departing Addis Ababa airport for overseas routinely required to show their identity cards. If so, what is the purpose (given that a passport would presumably serve as proof of identity)?
      3. Is there any other way that authorities at the airport would know that a person had an outstanding court case?
    • ETH34683 - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide all current reports, especially DFAT, regarding obtaining a passport in Ethiopia and whether a person of interest to the authorities could depart Ethiopia.
    • ETH32748 - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
      1. How difficult would it be for a person who had previously been detained by the authorities for participating in anti-government political activity in Ethiopia to obtain a passport and leave the country?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105630.E - Ethiopia: Appearance and information contained in identity cards and birth certificates issued in the Somali Region – Oct. 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH105567.E - Ethiopia: Availability of fraudulent identity documents; state efforts to combat document fraud – July 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH105301.E - Ethiopia: For passport applicants in Ethiopia, whether passport photographs are taken by staff at government passport offices or are provided by the applicant – Sept. 2015 (PDF)
    • ETH105190.E - Ethiopia: Passport issuance procedures within the country; information included in the passport – May 2015 (PDF)
    • ETH104975.E - Membership cards of the Union for Democracy and Justice party (UDJ), including issuance requirements and procedures, details of their format, security features and production - Jan. 2015 (PDF)
    • ZZZ105007.E - Ethiopia and Saudi Arabia: Requirements and procedures for a citizen of Ethiopia to obtain an Ethiopian biometric passport in Saudi Arabia; instances in which a passport would not be issued after application – Nov. 2014 (PDF)
    • ETH104950.E - Ethiopia: Appearance of identity cards and birth certificates issued in Addis Ababa, including description of features, variation in appearance, and issuing authorities – Oct. 2014 (PDF)
    • ETH104896.E - Ethiopia: Requirements and procedures for an individual born in Ethiopia to Ethiopian parents to reclaim citizenship, including if the individual holds citizenship in another country - June 2014 (PDF)
    • ZZZ104428.E - Description of the Ethiopian Kebele/citizenship card; whether Saudi Arabia issues identity cards for Ethiopian nationals, including description - May 2013 (PDF)
    • ZZZ103446.E - Yemen/Ethiopia: Whether an Ethiopian-born citizen, whose father is a citizen of Yemen, is entitled to Yemen citizenship; if so, what procedures must be followed in order to obtain Yemen  citizenship; whether obtaining citizenship is automatic upon application, or whether there are conditions, such as renouncing Ethiopian citizenship - April 2010 (PDF)
    • ETH103317.FE - Ethiopia: Procedures that Ethiopian citizens must follow in order to obtain identity documents from consulates or missions in Canada; registration of births and the issuance procedure for birth certificates - Dec. 2009 (PDF)
    • ZZZ100423.E - Citizenship of children born in Ethiopia between 1960-1976 to Djibouti nationals - Nov. 2005 (PDF)
    • ETH100912.E - Process for obtaining ID documents from consulates abroad; birth registration and issuance of birth certificates - Jan 2006 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • CORI Country Report: Ethiopia - Citizenship and Nationality - Jan. 2010 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Children - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Country Report - Children - Jan. 2008 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Child Soldiers Global International - 2008 (PDF)
  • Coalition to Stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
  • CORI Country Report - Children - Jan. 2010 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF),   2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Corruption - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH33781 - Sept. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide an update on the status of police corruption in Ethiopia.

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Persons With Disabilities - 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Report - Disability - Jan. 2008 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Election and Political Participation - 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Report - National Elections (May 2005) - Jan. 2008 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Report - Ethnic Groups - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105303.E - Ethiopia: Situation of the Shekha ethnic group, including the relation to the Ogaden ethnic group, the Ethiopian and Somali Regional Administration, and the Ogaden National Liberation Front – Oct. 2015 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH34682 - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there evidence of government instigated conflict between Tigrayans and other ethnic groups in Ethiopia?
    • ETH33166 - Apr. 2008 (PDF)
      1. What is the ethnic composition of Yirgalem?

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • CORI Country Report: Ethiopia - Ethnicity - Jan. 2010 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities - Ethiopia Overview (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • "What Will Happen if Hunger Comes?" Abuses against the Indigenous Peoples of Ethiopia's Lower Omo Valley - Jun. 2012 (PDF)
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Oromo

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH36379 - Mar. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on any oppression by the Ethiopian Government of Oromo people including discrimination in education and employment.
    • ETH35418 - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
      1. When was the Matcha and Tulama Association formed in Ethiopia?
      2. Could a person have worked for the association in the mid to late 1950's?
    • ETH33268 - May 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information regarding the current treatment of people of Oromo ethnicity - and, in particular, women of Oromo ethnicity - in Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa?
      2. Please provide information in relation to anti-government opinion being imputed to people of Oromo ethnicity, in particular in Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa?
      3. Please provide information regarding support for or membership of the OLF being imputed to people of Oromo ethnicity by the authorities, in particular in Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa?
      4. Please provide information relating to differential treatment of people of Oromo ethnicity in the process of obtaining a passport?
    • ETH32967 - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on (i) demonstrations at Addis Ababa University in 2001; (ii) any significance to Oromo ethnicity?; (iii) treatment of CUD supporters; (iv) exit procedures.

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • World Directory of Minorities -Oromo (PDF)
  • CORI Country Report: Ethiopia - Oromo - Jan. 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • “Fuel on the Fire” Security Force Response to the 2016 Irreecha Cultural Festival – Sept. 2017 (PDF)
    • "Such a Brutal Crackdown": Killings and Arrests in Response to Ethiopia’s Oromo Protests - June 2016 (PDF)
    • Suppressing Dissent: Human Rights Abuses and Political Repression in Ethiopia's Oromia Region - May 2005 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Anuak

Foreign Government Reports

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • World Directory of Minorities - Anuak (PDF)
  • CORI Country Report - Anuak/Anyuak - Jan. 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Targeting the Anuak: Human Rights Violations and Crimes Against Humanity in Ethiopia's Gambella Region - 2005 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Beta Israel

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Report - Beta Israel - Jan. 2008 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Ethnic Groups / Race - Midgan

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Treatment of Madhiban/Midgan/Medigan minority clan originating from the Ogaden area by Ethiopian forces in the area and by members of majority clans - May 2009 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Tigrayans

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105557.E -  Ethiopia: Whether state security agents have distinguishing facial marks or tattoos – May 2016 (PDF)

  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH34682 - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Is there evidence of government instigated conflict between Tigrayans and other ethnic groups in Ethiopia?

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Somalis

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH103355.FE - Treatment of Ethiopian citizens of Somali origin by the Ethiopian authorities - Jan. 2010 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • World Directory of Minorities - Somalis (PDF)
  • CORI Country Report: Ethiopia - Ogaden Somalis - Jan. 2010 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Eritreans

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Country Information and Guidance – Ethiopia: People of mixed Eritrean/Ethiopian nationality – August 2016 (PDF)
  • UK Country Report - Eritreans in Ethiopia - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105722.E -

      Ethiopia: Information on Eritrean nationals residing in Ethiopia, including residency rights, freedom of movement and access to education, employment and social services; residency documents issued to Eritrean nationals residing in Ethiopia, including appearance, security features, and requirements and procedures for renewal (2015-January 2017) (PDF)

      ETH103319.FE - Treatment of Eritreans by Ethiopian government authorities (2008-09) - Jan. 2010 (PDF)
    • ETH102021.E - Treatment of Eritreans by Ethiopian government authorities (2005-06) - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
    • ETH100909.E - Deportation of Eritreans to Ethiopia - Jan. 2006 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • The Horn of Africa War: Mass Expulsions and Nationality Issues (1998-2002) - Jan. 2003 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Afars

Foreign Government Reports

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • World Directory of Minorities - Afar (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Amhara

Foreign Government Reports
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH37377 - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
      1. Are Amharas discriminated against in Ethiopia?
    • ETH35004 - June 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on whether the Amhara people are harmed on the basis of their ethnicity.
    • ETH32850 - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. What is the general position of Amara people in Ethiopia currently?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105685.E - Ethiopia: Treatment of ethnic Amharas; the All Ethiopian Unity Party (AEUP), including treatment of its members and supporters by authorities – Nov. 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH101850.E - List of affiliates belonging to the All Amhara People's Organization (AAPO) in Ethiopia; whether certain North American organizations are authorized to verify and confirm membership in the AAPO - Feb. 2007 (PDF)
    • ETH101849.E - Existence of the All Amhara People's Cultural and Relief Organization (AAPCRO) in Toronto at telephone number (416) 516-1244, and if so, their procedures for verifying and confirming memberships in the All Amhara People's Organization in Ethiopia; procedures for verifying information - Jan. 2007 (PDF)
    • ETH100913.E - The treatment of ethnic Amharas and the treatment of members, leaders, and activists of the All Ethiopian Unity Party (AEUP) (2002 - 2006) - Jan. 2006 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Women - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH35346 - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Are there any agencies which place Ethiopian women into domestic situations in Saudi Arabia?
      2. What work opportunities exist for single mature women in Ethiopia?
    • ETH33781 - Sept. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide a (brief) update on the status of women in Ethiopia.
    • ETH32850 - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Are single women able to live independently or without family support and obtain employment in Ethiopia?
      2. What information is available concerning the trafficking of women in Ethiopia?
      3. Do women who have previously been trafficked face an increased risk of being found and re-trafficked?
    • ETH31133 - Jan. 2006 (PDF)
      1. What services does the Ethiopian government provide in the area of protection of women from harm and with regard to women in general?
      2. Are there effectively operating police and court services?
      3. Can it be said that "Arabs hold a great deal of influence" in Ethiopia?
      4. What is the situation for people of the Amharic tribal group?
      5. Anything else you feel might be relevant.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105548.E - Ethiopia: Treatment of sex workers by society and authorities, including arrest, prosecution and conviction; treatment of women with children born out of wedlock by society and authorities – July 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH103921.E - Ethiopia: Domestic violence, including legislation, state protection and services available to victims (2007-2011) - Dec. 2011 (PDF)
    • ETH102157.E - Protection services and legal recourse available to women who are victims of domestic violence - Feb. 2007 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Briefing to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women - 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Ethiopian female domestic workers inside Ethiopia and abroad (household slavery, trafficking) - January 2016 (PDF)
  • Ireland Refugee and Documentation Center
    • 1. Polygamous marriages are recognised in Ethiopia. 2. If traditional marriages are recognised in Ethiopia (without the need for a civil ceremony or registration process) 3. Whether a Talaq pronounced by a wife in an adjoining country (Kenya) would be recognised in Ethiopia. - Aug. 2011 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Human Rights - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Country Report - Human Rights - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ105731.E - Ethiopia and Canada: Information on the Unity for Human Rights and Democracy (Unity), including activities and requirements and procedures to become a member; whether they provide verification of the political activities of their members in Ethiopia; whether Ethiopian authorities monitor or regulate the activities of Unity members – Feb. 2017 (PDF)
    • ETH105729.E - Ethiopia: Information on the ability of the Ethiopian government to monitor and censor Ethiopian dissidents living in Canada, including scope and type of surveillance, and technology used; treatment of returning dissidents from Canada, including whether particular profiles face greater risks upon return – Feb.  2017 (PDF)
    • ETH105548.E - Ethiopia: Treatment of sex workers by society and authorities, including arrest, prosecution and conviction; treatment of women with children born out of wedlock by society and authorities – July 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH103408.E - Whether the government of Ethiopia undertakes survelliance of demonstrations against Ethiopia in Europe and North America - Feb. 2010 (PDF)
    • ETH102458.E - Ethiopia: Evidence of surveillance by government officials of demonstrations against Ethiopia in Europe and North America (2006 - February 2007) - Mar. 2007 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Amnesty International
    • Stifiling Human Rights Work - The Impact of Civicl Society Legislation in Ethiopia - 2012 (PDF)
    • Submission to the United Nations Human Rights Committee - 2011 (PDF)
    • Justice Under Fire - Trials of Opposition Leaders, Journalists, and Human Rights Defenders in Ethiopia - 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Information on the human rights situation of the Anuak (also: Anyuak, Anywaa, Agnwak) and Nuer populations - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2018 (PDF), 20172016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Report - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profile
    • "Journalism Is Not a Crime" Violations of Media Freedoms in Ethiopia - January 2015 (PDF)
    • "They Know Everything We Do" Telecom and Internet Surveillance in Ethiopia - March 2014 (PDF)
    • Development without Freedom: How Aid Underwrites Repression in Ethiopia - Oct. 2010 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Judiciary - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Country Report - Judiciary - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105730.E - Ethiopia: Requirements and procedures for obtaining police reports, such as criminal complaints, from within the country as well as from abroad; format, including appearance and whether legislation is referenced in a police report, signatures, letterhead and stamps; variations between federal and municipal reports; availability of fraudulent police reports – Feb. 2017 (PDF)
    • ETH105426.E - Ethiopia: Information on exit screenings at Bole International Airport, including whether a person released on bail from Gondar When Bet jail on the condition not to leave Gondar would be stopped during exit screenings at Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa when attempting to leave Ethiopia – March 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH105314.E - Ethiopia: Police summonses, including legislation and ways for delivering summonses; information on the appearance and content of summonses, including whether there are variations between federal and municipal summonses, and whether any legislation is referenced in the summonses; availability of fraudulent summonses – Oct. 2015 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH34786 - May 2009 (PDF)
      1. The military camp at Dedesa was known to be used to house the overflow of arrested protesters in 2005. Over what period of time did the arrests of protestors occur?
      2. Are there reports of any major prison break-outs or escapes from Dedesa at the end of 2005? Are there any reports of executions or other deaths of protesters imprisoned there and if so, how many?
    • ETH34682 - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the Zeway Concentration Camp, including its location, its size/layout/divisions, any other identifying features, what it is used for, and whether demonstrators arrested in October 2005 were held there. Please provide photographs of the camp if available.
      2. What is the location of the 4th Division Police Station in Addis Ababa? Does it have a jail on site or nearby?
    • ETH32967 - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on (i) demonstrations at Addis Ababa University in 2001; (ii) any significance to Oromo ethnicity?; (iii) treatment of CUD supporters; (iv) exit procedures.
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Ethiopia: The special police (Liyu Police) in the Somali Regional State - April 2016 (PDF)
    • Ethiopia: The prison “Jail Ogaden” - Jan. 2015 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Reports - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • “We Are Like the Dead”: Torture and Other Human Rights Abuses in Jail Ogaden, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia – July 2018 (PDF)
    • "They Want a Confession" Torture and Ill-Treatment in Ethiopia?s Maekelawi Police Station - Oct 2013

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Law

  • A Proclamation to Provide for the Electoral Code of Conduct for Political Parties - Aug. 2009 (PDF)
  • Political Parties Registration Proclamation - Sep. 2008 (PDF)
  • A Proclamation to Provide for the Right to Employment of Persons with Disability - March 2008 (PDF)
  • The Criminal Code of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia - 2004 (PDF)
  • Refugee Proclamation - Jul. 2004 (PDF)
  • Criminal Procedure Code Of Ethiopia - 1961 (PDF)

US Government Reports

  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Law - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105548.E - Ethiopia: Treatment of sex workers by society and authorities, including arrest, prosecution and conviction; treatment of women with children born out of wedlock by society and authorities – July 2016 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Making Love a Crime: Criminalization of Same-Sex Conduct in Sub-Saharan Afica - April 2013 (PDF)

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Maps


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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Medical Issues (PDF) - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH32748 - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on National-ARC in Ethiopia

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • CORI Country Report: Ethiopia - Health Care - Jan. 2010 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • World Health Organization Page

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Political System - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Report - Political System - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH37377 - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
      1. What is the situation with supporters of the Ginbot 7 and the CUD at present?
    • ETH35418 - Sept. 2009 (PDF)
      1. When did the Derg regime come into power in Ethiopia?
    • ETH34786 - May 2009 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information outlining the major policies of the Kinijit Party in their 2005 election campaign.
      2. Please advise what positions were held by party officials Dr Berhanu Nega, Hailu Shawel, Burtukan Mideksa and Ledutu Ayallu. Please provide any relevant information concerning their profile prior to the 2005 election.
      3. Please provide information concerning the 2005 election results, including the number of seats won by parties.
      4. Please advise if there is a record of post-election demonstrations and if so where were these primarily held?
    • ETH34682 - Apr. 2009 (PDF)
      1. Unity and Democracy or CUD) in relation to housing, youth, education, health and employment.
      2. Please provide information on the current leadership group and / or high profile members of the Kinijit (or CUD).
      3. What sort of activities did pro-CUD agitators engage in during the campaign or lead up to the April 2005 elections?
      4. Are there reports of demonstrations being held in Addis Ababa in June 2005 and October 2005? If so, what types of people were arrested or held?
    • ETH33166 - Apr. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide any information regarding Yirgalem's political profile, including the names of local leaders of the OLF.
      2. Please provide the names of prominent leaders of the OLF in Ethiopia since 2001.
      3. Please provide information on the current treatment of OLF supporters in Ethiopia.
    • ETH32850 - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information concerning the treatment of Kinijit Party members and activists. Are supporters in general (rather than members) of interest to the government?
    • ETH32967 - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on (i) demonstrations at Addis Ababa University in 2001; (ii) any significance to Oromo ethnicity?; (iii) treatment of CUD supporters; (iv) exit procedures.
    • ETH32748 - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the current treatment of CUD supporters in Ethiopia.
      2. Please provide information on the treatment of known or suspected anti-government political activists in Ethiopia.
    • ETH30982 - Nov. 2006 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD) in Ethiopia.
      2. Were members of the CUD subjected to violence/harassment around the time of the 2005 elections and immediately afterwards?
      3. Please provide information on the current treatment of CUD members in Ethiopia.
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105559.E - Ethiopia: Information on "1 to 5" groups in Ethiopia, including origin and purpose; whether citizens are required to participate in them; consequences for refusal – June 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH105660.E - Ethiopia: Information on the Sidama Liberation Movement (SLM), including history, goals, and methods; whether the group uses violence and has participated in armed conflict; treatment of members by the authorities – Nov. 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH105564.E - Ethiopia: Whether the Semayawi Party (Blue Party) issues letters to supporters; format, language and signatories of letters; verification process of party membership and involvement prior to issuance of letters – August 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH105565.E - Ethiopia: Information on membership procedures to join the Semayawi Party (Blue Party); whether the party issues membership cards, including who issues them and for what purpose; whether members are required to pay monthly dues; whether the party issues receipts for dues paid – August 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH105476.E - Ethiopia: The Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC), including aims and objectives, leadership, structure; information on how to become a member; treatment of members and supporters by authorities – March 2016 (PDF)
    • ETH105146.E  - Ethiopia: The Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), including origin, mandate, leadership, structure, legal status, and membership; treatment of members and supporters by authorities – May 2015 (PDF)
    • ETH104974.E - Ethiopia: Semayawi Party (Blue Party), including origin, mandate, leadership. Structure, legal status, and election participation; party membership; treatment of party members and supporters by authorities – Oct. 2014 (PDF)
    • ETH104127.E - The Unity for Democracy and Justice Party (UDJ); its formation, leadership, structure, mandate, membership, issuance of membership cards; treatment by authorities; branches outside of Ethiopia; membership requirements at Toronto and Atlanta branches (2008-2012) - Jul. 2012 (PDF)
    • ETH103318.FE - Treatment of members of the opposition parties and of their relatives, particularly those of the Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD), by government authorities (2008-2009) - Jan. 2010 (PDF)
    • ETH102699.E - Treatment of relatives of members of opposition parties, especially the Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD) (2006 - 2007) - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
    • ETH102024.E - Treatment of political dissidents by government authorities, specifically student and human rights activists (2005 - 2006) - Mar. 2007 (PDF)
    • ETH102062.E - The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party (EPRP); whether the EPRP is banned from carrying out its activities; recent role and activities of the EPRP within Ethiopia, especially in the context of the 2005 elections; whether members of the EPRP are arrested or harassed by the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Forces (EPRDF) (2004 - 2006) - Nov. 2006 (PDF)
    • ETH101128.E - Treatment of relatives of Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD) members or relatives of other opposition party members (2005 - 2006) - Mar. 2006 (PDF)
  • Norway Country of Origin Information Centre (Landinfo)
    • Ethiopia: The Ginbot 7 party - Aug 2012 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • CORI Country Report
    • Treatment of members and supporters of opposition groups - Jan. 2010 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Report - Foreign Refugees - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ105147.FE - Ethiopia and Eritrea: The treatment of Eritrean refugees by Ethiopian government authorities; the rights granted to refugees, including access to employment, education and medical care, and entry and exit rights – April 2015 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Report - Freedom of Religion - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH104926.E - Ethiopia: Treatment of members of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (EOTC) by authorities – Oct. 2014 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH33781 - Sept. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide a briefing about Pentecostal Christians in Ethiopia: i.e. what does it mean to be a 'Pentecostal Christian' in Ethiopia?
      2. What percentage of the population do 'Pentecostal Christians' in Ethiopia constitute?
      3. Is there any evidence that 'Pentecostal Christians' are discriminated against?
      4. Does inter-religious marriage (ie between Muslims and Pentecostal Christians) occur?
      5. If it occurs, is the female (Christian) expected to convert to Islam?
      6. Please provide any information about Christian women married to Muslim men facing discrimination or denial of rights (eg to education, or to work)?
      7. Is the 'Ethiopian Tsewan (Zion) Church in Australia' affiliated with Pentecostal Christians from Ethiopia? How (religiously) strict are they?
      8. How are non-Muslims treated in Ethiopia? Are they discriminated against? If so, in what ways and to what extent?
    • ETH33268 - May 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the current treatment of Jehovah's Witnesses in Ethiopia and the extent to which they may practice their religion in Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa.
    • ETH32853 - Feb. 2008 (PDF)
      1. What evidence is there of the operations of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in the UAE?
      2. Is there any material which confirms a split in the church in 2005 in UAE related to continued support for Patriarch Paulos?
      3. Is there any evidence of harm to those who have ceased to support Patriarch Paulos in recent years in Ethiopia?
      4. Is there any evidence that those who have converted Muslims in Ethiopia have been the subject of harm in Ethiopia in recent years?

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Current treatment of Ethiopian Jews (Falasha, Beta Israeli); discrimination by state or non-state agents - May 2009 (PDF)
  • Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report - Ethiopia (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH102155.E - Legislation and legal protection available to homosexuals - Feb. 2007 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Making Love a Crime: Criminalization of Same-Sex Conduct in Sub-Saharan Afica - April 2013 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Armed Conflict

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Report - Border Conflict With Eritrea: 1998-2007 - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH43485.E - Ethiopia: Whether Ethiopia sent deserters from the Eritrean armed forces to the United States on Ethiopian travel documents during or after the 1998 border war (1998-2004) - Apr. 2005 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports


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Specific Country Issues - Female Genital Mutilation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) - 2017 (PDF)
  • US State Department Report on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) - Ethiopia (PDF)

Foreign Government

  • UK Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Female Genital Mutllation - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Home Office Report - Female Genital Mutilation - Ethiopia - Jun. 2008 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Treatment of Returnees

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Treatment of Returnees - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH37377 - Sept. 2010 (PDF)
      1. How are failed asylum seekers treated in Ethiopia?
    • ETH34786 - May 2009 (PDF)
      1. Are there any reports that failed asylum seekers who return to Ethiopia are subject to adverse treatment on their return?
    • ETH32748 - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the treatment of known or suspected failed asylum seekers who return to Ethiopia?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH104857.E - Ethiopia: Treatment by authorities of individuals of Ethiopian parentage, returning to Ethiopia, but who have never lived in the country; availability of employment, housing, and other social services in Addis Ababa for newly-arrived individuals (2013-April 2014) - April 2014 (PDF)
    • ZZZ102027.E - Possibility of repatriation of Ethiopian and Eritrean civilians to their homelands (2006) - Feb. 2007 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Country Policy and Information Note - Ethiopia: Background information, including actors of protection and internal relocation - Media and the Internet - Oct. 2017 (PDF)
  • UK Country Report - Freedom of Speech and Media - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    • ETH32748 - Jan. 2008 (PDF)
      1. Please provide information on the current treatment of journalists in Ethiopia.
      2. Does the Ethiopian government target journalists who have resigned after working with the government media?
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ETH105485.E - Ethiopia: The Ethiopian Satellite Television media group (ESAT), including objectives and activities in Canada, particularly in the Kitchener-Waterloo area; reports of surveillance by Ethiopian authorities – April 2016 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Ethiopia Offline: Evidence of Social Media Blocking and Internet Censorhip in Ethiopia - Dec. 2016 (PDF)
    • Dismantiling Dissent - Intensified Crackdown on Free Speech in Ethiopia - 2011 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "They Know Everything We Do" Telecom and Internet Surveillance in Ethiopia - March 2014 (PDF)

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Timeline

Foreign Government Report
  • UK Home Office Country Report - Chronology of Events - Jan. 2008 (PDF)

Media


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Trafficking

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • UK Home Office Country Report - Trafficking - Jan. 2008 (PDF)

Non-Government Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD)
    • Ethiopian female domestic workers inside Ethiopia and abroad (household slavery, trafficking) - January 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF),  2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013

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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • "They Want a Confession" Torture and Ill-Treatment in Ethiopia?s Maekelawi Police Station - Oct 2013 (PDF)

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Updated October 27, 2018

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