Russian Federation

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports
  • State Department - Country Documents
  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Citizenship and Nationality - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS105381.E - Russia: Requirements and procedures to obtain internal and foreign travel passports; whether biometric passports have been used; if so, information on the biometric passport, including stored biometric data and its appearance; requirements and procedures to obtain a biometric passport within Russia; whether it can be replaced and renewed from abroad, including requirements and procedures (2014-January 2016) - January 2016 (PDF)
    • ZZZ104866.E - Russia and Uzbekistan: Whether an individual born in the Soviet Union (Russia) to ethnic Russian parents, who is a citizen of Uzbekistan, is entitled to Russian citizenship (2013-May 2014) - May 2014
    • RUS103793.E - Requirements and procedures to obtain a temporary residence permit, a permanent residence permit, and citizenship through marriage - November 2011 (PDF)
    • RUS103842.E - Requirements and procedures to obtain internal and foreign travel passports; whether biometric passports have been issued; if so, information on the biometric passport, including stored biometric data and its appearance; requirements and procedures to obtain a biometric passport within Russia; whether it can be replaced and renewed from abroad, including requirements and procedures - November 2011 (PDF)
    • RUS103311.E - Residence registration system; official procedures to change registration; whether registration is required to access government services; police treatment of ethnic minorities and unregistered persons; regional restrictions on registration, particularly in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg - December 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS103313.E - Procedures for obtaining police reports and medical reports; whether these can be obtained by a third party acting on behalf of a Russian citizen who is outside the country - December 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS103315.E - Russia: Whether a database containing residency registration information of Russian citizens exists; how it is accessed and under what circumstances; how it is updated - December 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS102923.E - Conditions under which Soviet-born persons who emigrated from the territory of Russia before, during or after 1992 would be permitted to apply for citizenship of the Russian Federation; factors taken into account when processing such an application for citizenship, and whether the application would be treated as a mere formality or on a case-by-case basis - September 2008 (PDF)
    • RUS102355.E - Documentation required to obtain the new internal passport; whether individuals must trade in the older internal passport models to obtain a new one (2006 - March 2007) - March 2007 (PDF)
    • RUS102354.E - Availability of fraudulent or illegally obtained identity documents (2005 - March 2007) - March 2007 (PDF)
    • RUS101018.E - Whether Russian citizens who have not completed their military service may be issued international passports; restrictions on issuance of international passports (March 2006) - March 2006 (PDF)
    • ZZZ43481.E - Moldova and Russia: Whether a holder of Ukrainian citizenship, born in Tiraspol, could return to Tiraspol and acquire Russian citizenship (2005) - April 2005 (PDF)
    • RUS43199.E - Update to RUS32135.E of 23 June 1999 on name changes; whether the office retains or returns the applicant's documents if the latter does not specifically request to have the old documents back - Jan 2005 (PDF)
    • RUS43014.E - Whether a residency permit expires if the holder has been out of the country for a period of five years or longer; whether a residence permit issued for St-Petersberg and/or Chelyabinsk-70 can expire; the procedure for renewing a residency permit or obtaining a new one - October 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS42927.E - Whether there is any law or restriction on mailing or sending a citizen's internal passport abroad; whether an internal passport can be mailed from Russia to Canada or sent by courrier - September 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS42802.E - Update to RUS41401.E of 24 March 2003 on the residence registration system in Russia; its application in practice; the effect on individuals whose residence is not registered; reports of corruption in registration (April 2003 - July 2004) - July 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS42674.E - Whether an expired passport can be retained by an individual when a new passport is issued to that individual - June 2004 (PDF)
    • ZZZ42295.E - Russia/Hungary: Whether Russia and Hungary have a treaty that allows dual citizenship - January 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS42206.E - Birth certificates issued in Birobidzhan in 1949; content; language; application form - Dec 2003 (PDF)
    • RUS42049.E - Documentation required to obtain the new internal passport; whether individuals must trade in the older internal passport models to obtain a new one - Oct 2003 (PDF)
    • RUS41962.E - Whether there exists a central computer system or database containing residency registration information of Russian citizens - Sept 2003 (PDF)
    • RUS41926.E - Validity of Soviet internal passports; whether such passports have stamps or inserts showing the passport's validity in Russia - Sept 2003 (PDF)
    • RUS41401.E - Information on the propiska or propiska-like registration system in Russia; regions with propiska-like registration systems; governing authority; its application in practice; effect on individuals lacking registration; reports of corruption in registration - March 2003 (PDF)
    • RUS32255.EX - Situation of minorities in Moscow, including information on residence registration issues - Aug 1999 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    1. How can a foreign citizen obtain right of residency in the Russian Federation?

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Russian Federation: 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Final Report - Migration policy, citizenship - November 2002 (PDF)

Law

  • Citizenship Law - 2002 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
  • Department of Labor - Finding on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Children - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS100341.E - Whether the consent of both parents is required for a child to be listed and/or pictured in one of the parents' international passports; whether the consent of both parents is required for a child to obtain his or her own passport (2003-2005) - July 2005 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Coalition to stop the use of Child Soldiers - Child Soldiers Global Report - 2008 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Abandoned by the State: Violence, Neglect, and Isolation for Children with Disabilities in Russian Orphanages - September 2014 (PDF)
    • Positively Abandoned: Stigma and Discrimination against HIV-Positive Mothers and their Children in Russia - June 2005 (PDF)
    • Abandoned to the State: Cruelty and Neglect in Russian Orphanages - 1998

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Corruption

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Corruption - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs) -
    • RUS102502.E - Extent of corruption, including anti-corruption legislation; government efforts to combat corruption (2009-Oct. 2012) - November 2012 (PDF)
    • RUS103792.FE - Measures implemented to fight police corruption, including the procedure for filing a complaint against the police; the witness protection program - November 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
  1. What protection is available to those in Russia who experience extortion or to businesspeople who experience other types of harm?

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Disabilities

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Disability - 2010 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    1. How are people with disabilities treated in daily life in Russia?
    2. Do they face discrimination in employment?
    3. What protection does the government provide against discrimination or other forms of harm (for example physical violence in the streets) which people with disabilities may suffer?
  •  Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS42403.E - Compensation available for ship workers (marine engineers) who are disabled as a result of working on ships that dispose of nuclear or radio-active wastes - March 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Disability Rights - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch- Left Out? Obstacles to Education for People with Disabilities in Russia - Sept 2015 (PDF)

 


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Elections

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National/ Racial / Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Ethnic Groups - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS105096.FE - Russia: The treatment of people of mixed race and of people of African descent by society and the authorities; state protection provided to people of mixed race and to people of African descent who have been victims of violence and discrimination (2013-February 2015) - March 2015 (PDF)
    • RUS103139.E - Situation and treatment of visible ethnic minorities; availability of state protection - October 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS101131.E - Treatment of a Russian woman married to an Afro-Guyanese man who is not a Russian citizen if she has mixed-race children (2005 - 2006) - March 2006 (PDF)
    • RUS32255.EX - Situation of minorities in Moscow, including information on residence registration issues - Aug 1999 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Minority Rights Group International - State of the Worlds's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Reports
    • Russian Federation: Ethnic Discrimination in Southern Russia - 1998
    • Crime or Simply Punishment?: Racists Attacks by Moscow Law Enforcement - Sept 1995 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities - Overview (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Russian Federation: 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Final Report - Racism/Xenophobia - November 2002 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Adygey

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Adygey profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Altai

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Altai profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Avars

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Avars profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Bashkirs

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Bashkirs profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Buryats

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS42797.E - Discrimination against the Buriat (Buryat) people of the Republic of Buryatia and whether Potapov is still the president of this region; if so, information on his relations with political opponents - July 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Buryats profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Chukchi

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Chukchi profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Chuvash

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS42473.E - Treatment of ethnic Chuvash with particular comment on their treatment in the Republic of Bashkortostan; state protection - March 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Chuvash profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Cossacks

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Cossacks profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Dargins

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Dargins profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Dolgan

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Dolgan profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Evenk

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Evenk profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Ingush

Foreign Government Reports

  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
  1. What is the situation in Russia at present for Caucasians, and in particular people having Ingush ancestry?

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • Spreading Despair: Russian Abuses in Ingushetia - September 2003 (PDF)
    • The Ingush-Ossetian Conflict in the Prigorodnyi Regions - May 1996 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities - Ingush profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Jews

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Anti-Semitism - 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS103140.E - Situation and treatment of Jews, state protection and support services - October 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS102352.E - Anti-Semitism and response by the government (2005 - March 2007) - March 2007 (PDF)
    • RUS43106.E - Anti-Semitism and the government's reaction to it (January 2002 - October 2004) - November 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS32253.EX - Russia: Update on the Situation of Jews - August 1999 (PDF)
    • Issue Paper - The Russian Federation Situation of the Jews - August 1998 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Jews profile (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Russian Federation: 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Final Report - Jews - November 2002 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Kabards and Balkars

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Kabards and Balkars profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Kalmyks

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Kalmyks profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Karachay and Cherkess

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Karachay and Cherkess profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Karelians

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Karelians profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Khakass

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS42837.E - Treatment of the Khakass community, including of members who are in relationships with Russians, in Abakan, Khakassia; whether protection is available (2001 to 2004) - September 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Khakass profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Khants and Mansi

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Khants and Mansi profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Komi

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Komi profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Komi-Permyaks

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Komi-Permyaks profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Koryaks

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Koryaks profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Kumyks

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Kumyks profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Lezgins

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS42259.E - Update of RUS34780.E of 7 July 2000 on the treatment of ethnic Lezgins and available state protection - Jan 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Lezgins profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Mari

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Mari profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Meskhetian (Turks)

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Meskhetian (Turks) profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Mordovans

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Mordovans profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Nenets

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Nenets profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Nogai

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Nogai profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Ossetians

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch
    • The Ingush-Ossetian Conflict in the Prigorodnyi Regions - May 2009 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minorities - Ossetians profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Roma

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS42683.E - General situation of Roma (2001 to 2003) - June 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Roma profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Russian or Volga Germans

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS43120.E - Treatment of ethnic Russians in Kalmykia and availability of state protection - Dec 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Russian or Volga Germans profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Tatars

Foreign Government Reports
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS40190.E - Update of RUS33941.E of 10 March 2000 on the treatment of Tatars - January 2003 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Tatars profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Tuvans

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Tuvans profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Udmurts

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Udmurts profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Ukrainians, Belarusians, and Kazakhs

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Ukrainians, Belarusians, and Kazakhs profile (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Yakuts

Non-Government Organization Reports
  • World Directory of Minorities - Yakuts profile (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office - Women - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS103793.E - Requirements and procedures to obtain a temporary residence permit, a permanent residence permit, and citizenship through marriage - November 2011 (PDF)
    • RUS103312.E - Domestic violence; recourse and protection available to victims of domestic violence; support services and availability of shelters (2007 - 2009) - December 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS102619.E - Domestic violence; recourse and protection available to victims of domestic violence (2005-2007) - Oct 2007 (PDF)
    • RUS42803.E - The availability of state protection to victims of domestic violence (January 2000 - July 2004) - July 2004 (PDF)
    • Issues Paper - Domestic Violence Against Women - July 2001 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Women's Rights - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • Neither Jobs Nor Justice: State Discrimination Against Women in Russia - March 1995 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Human Rights - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS103795.E - Information on military conscription and exemption from service, including alternative military service for conscientious objectors - November 2011 (PDF)
    • RUS42830.E - The NGO Sodeistviye operating in Abakan, Khakassia and its treatment by the authorities - Sept 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS42805.E - The manner by which an individual citizen can file a complaint against a member of the police; recourse available to individuals who file complaints against a police officer (January 2002 - July 2004) - July 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS42743.E - Copy of document which identifies representatives of the Stavropol Human Rights Center - June 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS42697.E - Telephone number for the Stavropol Human Rights Center and Alexander Semenenko; who the representative of the Stavropol Human Rights Center was in Pyatagorsk from May 2001 to November 2003 - May 2004 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Freedom House - 2018 (PDF), 20172016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF) 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Reports
    • Russia: FIFA World Cup 2018 Human Rights Guide for Reporters - May 2018 (PDF)
    • Red Card - Exploitation of Construction Workers on World Cup Sites in Russia - June 2017 (PDF)
    • "Invisible War" Russia's Abusive Response to the Dagestan Insurgency - June 2015 (PDF)
    • Laws of Attrition: Crackdown on Russia's Civil Society after Putin's Return to the Presidency - April 2013 (PDF)
    • An Uncivil Approach to Civil Society: Continuing State Curbs on Independent NGOs and Activists in Russia - June 2009 (PDF)
    • Lesson Not Learned: Human Rights Abuses and HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation - April 2004 (PDF)
    • Conscription Through Detention In Russia's Armed Forces - Nov 2002 (PDF)
    • Confessions At Any Cost: Police Torture in Russia - Nov 1999
  • Ireland Refugee Documentation Center
    • Information on the steps taken by the government to combat racism, particularly against Africans - September 2011 (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Russian Federation: 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Final Report - Human rights abuses - November 2002 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Judiciary - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS105310 - Russia: standardized police reporting forms, including appearance; whether police are required to submit a written response to a complainant regardless of whether they pursue an investigation, appearance and content of the written response; police procedures for following up on physical assaults reported by hospitals and medical practitioners, including type of report generated; whether these policies and reports are standardized or if there are regional variations - October 2015 (PDF)
    • RUS103792.FE - Measures implemented to fight police corruption, including the procedure for filing a complaint against the police; the witness protection program - November 2011 (PDF)
    • RUS102557.E - Anti-corruption strategies in law enforcement, police complaints mechanism and witness protection - June 2007 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - Prisoner Transportation in Russia: Travelling into the Unknown - Oct 2017 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Reports
    • Confessions At Any Cost: Police Torture in Russia - Nov 1999
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Russian Federation: 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Final Report - Police /organized crime - November 2002 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
  1. What protection is available to those in Russia who experience extortion or to businesspeople who experience other types of harm?

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Law

  • Citizenship Law - 2002 (PDF), 1992 (PDF)
  • Refugee Law - 1997 (PDF)

US Government Reports

  • Library of Congress - Law Library of Congress (LLOC)
    • Family Reunification Laws in Selected Jurisdictions - July 2014 (PDF)
  • CRS Report for Congress - Russia’s Religion Law: Assessments and Implications - May 1998 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • UK Home Office Report - Constitution of Russia - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS102357.E - Russia: Russian Citizenship Law signed into law by the President in January 2006 - March 2007 (PDF)
    • RUS42685.E - Impact of 1997 law on religion on non-traditional religious minorities (2000-2004) - June 2004 (PDF)

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Maps

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office - Maps - 2010 (PDF)

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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Medical Availability - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS103841.E - Information on medical booklets; procedures to obtain medical records from within Russia and abroad; whether medical records can be obtained through a proxy; if so, requirements and procedures - November 2012 (PDF)
    • RUS103313.E - Procedures for obtaining police reports and medical reports; whether these can be obtained by a third party acting on behalf of a Russian citizen who is outside the country - December 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS103314.E - Whether hospitals are obliged to notify police if someone is treated as the result of an assault, including cases of domestic violence - December 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS102556.E - Status of medical booklets or cards (2006 - May 2007) - May 2007 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
  1. How are people with disabilities treated in daily life in Russia?

International Government Organization Reports

  • World Health Organization Page

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • Lesson Not Learned: Human Rights Abuses and HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation - April 2004 (PDF)
    • To Serve Without Health: Inadequate Nutrition and Health Care in the Russian Armed Forces - Nov. 2003 (PDF)

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Main political organizations - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS103038.E - Whether a supporter of the opposition coalition Other Russia (Drugaya Rossiya) was killed by skinheads on 11 August 2007 in the Moscow subway; whether there are reports in 2007 of members of the political parties that constitute Other Russia being harassed and, if so, the frequency of the harassment; the frequency with which members have been attacked by skinheads or ultra nationalists; whether the parties know if any of their members has been killed or severely injured on account of their political activities in Moscow - March 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS100121.E - The Baltic Republican Party in Kaliningrad; mandate, structure, membership and treatment of its members by the authorities; whether the party has ceased its operations and been renamed the Kaliningrad Public Movement-Respublika (2001-May 2005) - June 2005 (PDF)
    • RUS42684.E - Information on the Russian National Unity (RNU or RNE) political party, including size, influence, activities, relations with government - June 2004 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Suppression of Political Opposition Campaigning Activity - 2018 (PDF)

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Refugees / IDPs

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Refugees - 2010 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Religion - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS43444.E - information on the Baptist Church (known also as Evangelical Baptist Church or Baptist Presbyterian Church) in Nakhodka city; whether churches have difficulties reregistering; whether any pastor or member faced any physical harm as a result of membership in the Baptist Church and, if so, any state protection offered; whether there are specific reports concerning the Baptist Presbyterian Church at 32 Sadovaia Street or its minister, N.M. Tsebenko (2000- March 2005) - March 2005 (PDF)
    • RUS43224.E - Situation for Jehovah's Witnesses in Smolensk since the Moscow court ruling in the Spring of 2004; whether any person was arrested, admitted to a psychiatric hospital or killed in Smolensk since 2002 because they were Jehovah's Witnesses and, if so, their names; whether any person was beaten in Smolensk since 2002 because they were a Jehovah's Witness (2002 - December 2004) - Dec 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS43018.E - Old Believers Church, including description of the customs, the location of congregations, whether the Church has any congregations in Toronto, and the treatment of the church by the public and the authorities - Sept 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS41592.E - The current treatment of Buddhists by government officials, nationalist groups, police and the general public; whether police protection is available - May 2003 (PDF)
    • RUS41560.E - Treatment of Hare Krishna adherents - March 2003 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Freedom of Religion - 2018 (PDF)
  • Institute on Religion and Public Policy Report (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Russian Federation: 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Final Report - Freedom of religion - November 2002 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Homosexuals - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS103141.E - Situation and treatment of homosexuals; legislation, state protection and support services - September 2009 (PDF)
    • RUS102353.E - Treatment of homosexuals by society and government authorities; legal recourse and protection available to homosexuals who have been subject to ill-treatment (2006 - February 2007) - March 2007 (PDF)
    • RUS42804.E - The availability of state protection to homosexuals (January 2002 - July 2004) - July 2004 (PDF)
    • RUS42039.E - Treatment of homosexuals in Tula and Yubileiny (2001-Sept. 2003) - Sept 2003 (PDF)
    • RUS41469.E - Treatment of gays and lesbians in Yekaterinburg (Ekatrinburg, Ekatrinaberg or Yekaterinaberg) from 1991 to present - March 2003 (PDF)
    • RUS31357.EX - Situation of gays and lesbians - May 1999 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch
    • "They Have Long Arms and They Can Find Me" - Anti-Gay Purge by Local Authorities in Russia's Chechen Republic - May 2017 (PDF)
    • License to Harm: Violence and Harassment against LGBT People and Activists in Russia - Dec 2014 (PDF)
  • Asylum Research Consultancy - Country-of-origin information to support the adjudication of asylum claims from Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (‘LGBTI') asylum-seekers: The Russian Federation - July 2012 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Chechnya

Foreign Government Reports
  • Uk Home Office Bulletin - Chechen Parliamentary Elections - Nov 2005 (PDF)
  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RUS43105.E - The situation of internally displaced persons from Chechnya (January 2003 - November 2004) - November 2004 (PDF)
  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
    1. Is there any evidence that those performing compulsory military service are sent to serve in Chechnya?
    1. Are there any reports of people being killed for refusing to fight in Chechnya?

International Government Organization Reports

  • The European Asylum Support Office (EASO) - August 2018 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Armed Conflicts Report - Russia (Chechnya) - Jan 2009
  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Chechnya - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Report
    • They Have Long Arms and They Can Find Me" - Anti-Gay Purge by Local Authorities in Russia's Chechen Republic - May 2017 (PDF)
    • “Like Walking a Minefield” Vicious Crackdown on Critics in Russia’s Chechen Republic - August 2016 (PDF)
    • "Who Will Tell Me What Happened to My Son?" Russia's Implementation of European Court of Human Rights Judgments on Chechnya - Sept 2009 (PDF)
    • What Your Children Do Will Touch Upon You" Punitive House-Burning in Chechnya - Sept 2009 (PDF)
    • Into Harm's Way: Forced Return of Displaced People to Chechnya - Jan 2003 (PDF)
    • LAST SEEN . . .: Continued "Disappearances" in Chechnya - April 2002 (PDF)
    • Swept Under: Torture, Forced Disappearances, And Extrajudicial Killings During Sweep Operations In Chechnya - Feb 2002 (PDF)
    • Burying the Evidence: The Botched Investigation into a Mass Grave in Chechnya - May 2001 (PDF)
    • "Welcome to Hell" Arbitrary Detention, Torture, and Extortion in Chechnya - 2000
    • "No Happiness Remains:" Civilian Killings, Pillage, and Rape in Alkhan-yurt, Chechnya - 2000
    • Partisan War in Chechnya on Eve of WWII Commemoration - May 1995 (PDF)
    • Three Months of War in Chechnya - Feb 1995 (PDF)
    • Russia's War in Chechnya: Victims Speak Out - Jan 1995 (PDF)
  • World Directory of Minority - Chechen Profile (PDF)
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Russian Federation: 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Final Report - Chechnya - November 2002 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Military Service

Foreign Government Reports

  • Austrailian Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal
  1. Is there any information to support the contention that a postponement based on engagement in higher education can only be obtained on one occasion for 5 years?
  2. Is there any information as to how it might be possible by law for a student to delay military service indefinitely?
  1. What are the compulsory military service obligations in Russia?
  2. Is there any evidence that those performing compulsory military service are sent to serve in Chechnya?
  3. What system of alternative service is available to those with a conscientious objection to military service?
  4. How is a person’s entitlement to perform alternative service determined?
  5. Please provide information on the "dedovshchina" system and the treatment of "dukhi".
  6. What steps have the Russian authorities taken to combat dedovshchina and what remedies are open to a first year recruit who suffers harm?
  7. Are those who perform alternative service also affected by dedovshchina?
  8. Are there any reports of people being killed for refusing to fight in Chechnya?
  9. Do those from Belarus face discrimination in Russian society and in the military in particular?
  10. Are there any reports of military conscripts being harmed for being unhealthy or physically weak?
  11. Are there any possible avenues by which a person might avoid military or alternative service altogether?

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)
Non-Government Organization Reports
  • Freedom House
  • Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation (ACCORD) - Russian Federation: 8th European Country of Origin Information Seminar - Final Report - Freedom of speech - November 2002 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch - Online and On All Fronts: Russia's Assault on Freedom of Expression - July 2017 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - Freedom of Expression Online and Freedom of Information - 2018 (PDF)

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Timeline

Foreign Government Report
  • UK Home Office Report - Timeline - 2010 (PDF)
  • Canada Immigration and Refugee Board - December 1993 - February 1995 - Chronology of events (PDF)
Media

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Trafficking

US Government Reports Foreign Government Reports
  • UK Home Office Report - Trafficking - 2010 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - Eastern Europe and Central Asia - 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)

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Torture

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Reports -
    • Swept Under: Torture, Forced Disappearances, And Extrajudicial Killings During Sweep Operations In Chechnya - Feb 2002 (PDF)
    • "Welcome to Hell" Arbitrary Detention, Torture, and Extortion in Chechnya - 2000 (PDF)
    • Confessions At Any Cost: Police Torture in Russia - Nov 1999

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Updated October 17, 2018

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