Republic of Rwanda

Citizenship and Country Documents

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • ZZZ105753.E - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda: Ability to travel from Burundi to neighbouring countries, including obstacles and resettlement - Mar. 2017 (PDF)
    • RWA104466.FE - Information on the official death certificate (acte de décès) and the doctor's death certificate (certificat de décès) for a Rwandan citizen, including the procedure for obtaining death documents – June 2013 (PDF)
    • RWA103584.E - Procedures for obtaining the National Identity Card, including a physical description of the card; information on when recent versions of the national identity card were made available and where individuals can obtain such cards; whether previous versions of the card are still valid – Sept. 2012 (PDF)
    • RWA103551.FE - The existence and number of false documents in circulation that concern the 1994 genocide; description of the documents issued by the gacaca courts, including notices to appear, genocide survivor certificates (certificats de survivant du génocide) and death certificates – Sept. 2012 (PDF)
    • ZZZ104039.E - Democratic Republic of the Congo/Burundi/Rwanda: Travel between these countries, including whether a passport is required to travel between them, and other documents used for travel - Mar. 2012 (PDF)
    • RWA103584.E - Procedures for obtaining the National Identity Card, including a physical description of the card; information on when recent versions of the national identity card were made available and where individuals can obtain such cards; whether previous versions of the card are still valid – Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • RWA103551.FE - The existence and number of false documents in circulation that concern the 1994 genocide; description of the documents issued by the gacaca courts, including notices to appear, genocide survivor certificates (certificats de survivant du génocide) and death certificates – Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • RWA103331.FE - Whether a birth certificate, an "attestation d'identité complète" (complete certificate of identity) or a medical certificate can be issued to a third person who does not have any relation to the person named on the document – Dec. 2009 (PDF)
    • RWA103106.FE - Procedures to follow for Rwandan citizens living outside Rwanda to apply for a passport; documentation required; whether the place of issue listed in the passport corresponds to the applicant's place of residence – Apr. 2009 (PDF)
    • RWA102861.FE - Procedure for obtaining a passport for a child – July 2008 (PDF)
    • RWA102860.FE - Whether recent changes have been made regarding the issuance of identity cards – July 2008 (PDF)
    • RWA102859.FE - Procedure for obtaining a passport in Rwanda in 2007; whether there have been recent changes regarding the issuance of passports – July 2008 (PDF)
    • RWA101154.E - Verification of a person's political profile or allegiance to the government when issuing official passports (passeports de service); to whom service passports are issued – May 2006 (PDF)
    • RWA43324.FE - Whether a foreign woman who marries a Rwandan man acquires Rwandan citizenship upon marriage; whether this is only possible if the marriage was registered with the Rwandan civil registrar's office; whether there is a deadline for registering the marriage and whether particular condit ions must be met; documents to submit - Feb. 2005 (PDF)
    • RWA43335.FE - Information on the "PC" passport type – Jan. 2005 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on Political Situation, Security and Human Rights in Rwanda – National Identity Cards - May 2002 (PDF)

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Children

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Children - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • US Department of Labor - Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Widows, Orphans, Children - May 2002 (PDF)

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Corruption

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Corruption and Lack of Transparency in Government - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA42393.FE - The level of corruption of public institutions; the involvement of army personnel, police officers and government officials in extortion practices – Feb. 2004 (PDF)
    • RWA103252.FE - The level of corruption in government institutions, including the involvement of army personnel, police officers and government employees in extortion practices – Oct. 2009 (PDF)

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Disabilities

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Disabilities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – People with Disabilities - May 2002 (PDF)

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Elections

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Elections - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Setting the Scene for Elections: Two Decades of Silencing Dissent in Rwanda - July 2017 (PDF)
  • Election Guide – Recent Elections
  • International Crisis Group
    • "Consensual Democracy" in Post-Genocide Rwanda: Evaluating the March 2001 District Elections – Oct. 2001 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - National / Racial / Ethnic Minorities - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA104375.FE - Treatment by authorities of people of mixed nationalities, particularly if the father is Congolese and the mother is Rwandan; society's attitude towards people of mixed origins – Apr. 2013 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Hutu

US Government Reports

  • RIC Reports
    • Hutu and Tutsi intermarriage - Mar. 2000 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA102783.E - Whether the authorities force some Hutus to become active members for life of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF); reports of individuals in Bibare or Kigali being detained and tortured in order to exact signed agreements to become life members of the RPF – Mar. 2008 (PDF)
    • RWA102533.E - Reports of ill-treatment of members of the Hutu ethnic group, in particular in connection with reprisals for harm experienced by Tutsi genocide survivors, and perceived or actual opponents of Hutu ethnicity – Aug. 2007 (PDF)
    • RWA102814.FE - Treatment reserved for people of mixed origin (Hutu and Tutsi) by authorities, and social attitudes toward people with a Hutu father and a Tutsi mother – June 2008 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Relations between Hutu and Tutsi Mixed Marraiges - May 2002 (PDF)

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Ethnic Groups / Race - Tutsis

US Government Reports

  • RIC Reports
    • Hutu and Tutsi intermarriage - Mar. 2000 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA102532.E - Reports of ill-treatment of members of the Tutsi ethnic group, in particular genocidesurvivors and perceived or actual government opponents – July 2007 (PDF)
    • RWA42872.E - Situation of Tutsi survivors (who remained in Rwanda during the genocide) and whether there is any tension between them and other Tutsis who have returned from the Diaspora – Aug. 2004 (PDF)
    • RWA102814.FE - Treatment reserved for people of mixed origin (Hutu and Tutsi) by authorities, and social attitudes toward people with a Hutu father and a Tutsi mother – June 2008 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Relations between Hutu and Tutsi Mixed Marraiges - May 2002 (PDF)

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Ethnic Group / Race - Twa (Batwa)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Relations between Hutu and Tutsi Mixed Marraiges - May 2002 (PDF)

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Gender

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Women - 2017 (PDF),  2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA104588.E - Domestic violence, including legislation, state protection, services and legal recourse available to victims - Oct. 2013 (PDF)
    • RWA102531.E - Situation of violence against women and girls outside the home; state protection available – July 2007 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Struggling to Survive: Barriers to Justice for Rape Victims in Rwanda – Oct. 2004 (PDF)
    • SHATTERED LIVES: Sexual Violence during the Rwandan Genocide and its Aftermath – Sept. 1996 (PDF)

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Human Rights

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices -2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA104124.FE - Treatment by society and by authorities of family members of people who were convicted by a gacaca court – June 2012 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – May 2002 (PDF)
  • Netherland Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    • Country Report on Human Rights and Justice in Rwanda - August 2016 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International - 2018 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)
  • Freedom House – 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch – 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "We Will Force You to Confess" - Torture and Unlawful Military Detention in Rwanda - Oct. 2017 (PDF)

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Justice System

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Arbitrary Arrest or Detention - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA104588.E - Domestic violence, including legislation, state protection, services and legal recourse available to victims - Oct. 2013 (PDF)
    • RWA42954.FE - Whether in 2000 certain prisoners accused of participating in the 1994 genocide were released or whether they were granted clemency; if so, whether accusers were threatened; if so, whether those threatened fi led complaints with the authorities; state protection available to the accusers – Sept. 2004 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Judicial System - May 2002 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Shrouded in secrecy - Illegal detention and torture by military intelligence – Oct. 2012 (PDF)
    • Briefing to the UN Committee against Torture – May 2012 (PDF)
    • Suspects must not be transferred to Rwandan courts for trial until it is demonstrated that trials will comply with international standards of justice – Nov. 2007 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Annual Report - 2018 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • "All Thieves Must Be Killed" - Extrajudicial Executions in Western Rwanda - July 2017 (PDF)

    • Selling Justice Short: Why Accountability Matters for Peace – July 2009 (PDF)
    • Law and Reality: Progress in Judicial Reform in Rwanda – July 2009 (PDF)
    • "There Will Be No Trial" Police Killings of Detainees and the Imposition of Collective Punishments – July 2007 (PDF)

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Gacaca Courts

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Gacaca Courts - 2012 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA104195.E - Whether the gacaca courts are still operational; if not, the new mechanisms for solving issues that were under the jurisdiction of gacaca courts – Oct. 2012 (PDF)
    • RWA103551.FE - The existence and number of false documents in circulation that concern the 1994 genocide; description of the documents issued by the gacaca courts, including notices to appear, genocide survivor certificates (certificats de survivant du génocide) and death certificates – Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • RWA103427.FE - The minimum age that a person must have been at the time of the genocide in 1994 to be able to testify before the gacaca courts; cases of people who were asked by gacaca court authorities to bear false witness and recourse available to such people – Mar. 2010 (PDF)
    • RWA102849.E - The number of gacaca courts in operation; whether the lists compiled by the Gacaca Courts of individuals under investigation in relation to the genocide are exhaustive – May 2008 (PDF)
    • RWA102591.FE - The consequences of refusing to testify before the gacaca courts – Sept. 2007 (PDF)
    • RWA102590.FE - Whether the procedural rules of the gacaca system are the same across the country or whether each sector or cell follows its own rules and issues its own notices to appear – Sept. 2007 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Gacaca Court System - May 2002 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Justice Compromised: The Legacy of Rwanda's Community-Based Gacaca Courts – May 2011 (PDF)

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Law

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA104588.E - Domestic violence, including legislation, state protection, services and legal recourse available to victims - Oct. 2013 (PDF)
    • RWA102565.E - Legislation governing divisionism and its impact on political parties, the media, civil society and individuals – Aug. 2007 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Safer to Stay Silent - The chilling effect of Rwanda's laws on 'genocide ideology' and 'sectarianism' – Aug. 2010 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Crimes Against Humanity, Article 3 - Jan. 2010 (PDF)

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Maps


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Medical Availability

Foreign Government Reports

  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Medical Treatment and Availability - May 2002 (PDF)

International Government Organization Reports

  • World Health Organization Page - Rwanda

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Political Figures and Parties

US Government Reports

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA105733.E - Treatment of persons who opposed the constitutional referendum on the third term of president Kagame, particularly public servants and members of opposition parties - Jan. 2017 (PDF)
    • RWA104409.FE - The Social Party-Imberakuri (PS-Imberakuri), including treatment of its members by the authorities – May 2013 (PDF)
    • RWA104034.FE - The Democratic Green Party of Rwanda (DGPR), including its structure, the name of its president and its senior leaders; the treatment of its members by the authorities – Mar. 2012 (PDF)
    • RWA103179.FE - The position of conseiller de zone (zone counsellor), particularly his or her responsibilities, the geographical areas of responsibility, the appointment process, the term of appointment and what distinguishes this position from that of chef de zone – June 2009 (PDF)
    • RWA102594.FE - The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (Forces democratiques de liberation du Rwanda, FDLR) – Oct. 2007 (PDF)
    • RWA101153.E - Forced recruitment into the state security apparatus or for activities involving espionage or denunciation within Rwanda. Forced recruitment into the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), whether in an official or tacit capacity or for espionage or denunciation – May 2006 (PDF)
    • RWA101203.FE - The Rwandan Democratic Alliance (Alliance démocratique rwandaise, ADR), particularly the date and place it was founded, the location of its current head office, the names of its leaders, its objectives, the ethnic origin of its members and leaders, and treatment of its members and of persons suspected of being members by the Rwandan government authorities – Apr. 2006 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Political Opponents and Members of Opposition Parties - May 2002 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Justice in jeopardy - The first instance trial of Victoire Ingabire – Mar. 2013 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Rwanda at the End of the Transition: A Necessary Political Liberalisation – Nov. 2002 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch - 2018 (PDF)

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Refugees

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Protection of Refugees - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

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Religion

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Religion - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • State Department International Religious Freedom Report - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA102792.E - Involvement of members of the Roman Catholic clergy in the 1994 genocide – Mar. 2008 (PDF)
  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – May 2002 (PDF)

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Sexual Orientation

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Sexual Orientation - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA104584.FE - Situation of sexual minorities and treatment of this group by society and the authorities; legislation, state protection and support services – Sept. 2013 (PDF)
    • RWA103060.E - Situation of gay men in 2007; whether the Kigali police arrested gay men and prostitutes prior to the AIDS conference held in Kigali in June 2007 and, if so, the date the arrests began – Feb. 2009 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Child Soldiers

Foreign Government Reports

  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Child Soldiers - May 2002 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Swept Away: Street Children Illegally Detained in Kigali, Rwanda – May 2006 (PDF)
    • Lasting Wounds: Consequences of Genocide and War for Rwanda's Children – March 2004 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Civil War

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • International Crisis Group
    • Rwanda Hutu Rebels in the Congo: A New Approach to Disarmament and Reintegration - May 2003 (PDF)
    • International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda: Delayed Justice – June 2001 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Genocide

US Government Reports

  • RIC Reports
    • Information on the Role of the Interhamwe [Also Interahamwe] Militia and the Use of Roadblocks During the 1994 Rwandan Genocide – Aug. 2001 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Canada Responses to Information Requests (RIRs)
    • RWA103551.FE - The existence and number of false documents in circulation that concern the 1994 genocide; description of the documents issued by the gacaca courts, including notices to appear, genocide survivor certificates (certificats de survivant du génocide) and death certificates – Sept. 2010 (PDF)
    • RWA102792.E - Involvement of members of the Roman Catholic clergy in the 1994 genocide – Mar. 2008 (PDF)
    • RWA42954.FE - Whether in 2000 certain prisoners accused of participating in the 1994 genocide were released or whether they were granted clemency; if so, whether accusers were threatened; if so, whether those threatened fi led complaints with the authorities; state protection available to the accusers – Sept. 2004 (PDF)
  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Justice After Genocide: 20 Years On – Mar. 2014 (PDF)
    • Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity: A Digest of the Case Law of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda – Jan. 2010 (PDF)
  • International Crisis Group
    • Five Years After the Genocide in Rwanda: Justice in Question – April 1999 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - Rwanda's Independence from Uganda

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • International Crisis Group
    • Uganda and Rwanda: Friends or Enemies? - May 2000 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issue - Treatment of Returnees

Foreign Government Reports

  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Treatment of Returnees - May 2002 (PDF)

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Specific Country Issues - War Crimes

Non-Government Organiztion Reports

  • Human Rights Watch Profiles
    • Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity: A Digest of the Case Law of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda – Jan. 2010 (PDF)

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Speech / Press / Internet

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Freedom of Speech and Press - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)

Foreign Government Reports

  • Danish Immigration Service
    • Report on political situation, security and human rights in Rwanda – Freedom of Speech - May 2002 (PDF)

Non-Government Organization Reports

  • Amnesty International
    • Unsafe to Speak Out – Restrictions on Freedom of Expression in Rwanda - June 2011 (PDF)
  • Freedom House
  • Human Rights Watch – 2018 (PDF)

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Timeline

Media


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Trafficking

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Trafficking in Persons - 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF)
  • Trafficking in Persons Report - Rwanda - 2018 (PDF), 2017 (PDF), 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF)

Intergovernmental Organization Reports

  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime - Global Report on Trafficking in Persons - Sub-Saharan Africa - 2016 (PDF)

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Terrorism

US Government Reports

  • State Department Country Reports on Terrorism - 2013 (PDF)
  • Trafficking in Persons Report - Rwanda - 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF)

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Torture

US Government Reports
  • State Department Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment - 2017 (PDF) 2016 (PDF), 2015 (PDF), 2014 (PDF), 2013 (PDF), 2012 (PDF), 2011 (PDF), 2010 (PDF), 2009 (PDF)

Non-Government Organiztion Reports

  • Human Rights Watch
    • "We Will Force You to Confess" - Torture and Unlawful Military Detention in Rwanda - Oct. 2017 (PDF)

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Updated October 25, 2018

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